Clan Anderson

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Clan Anderson
Mac Ghille Aindrais[1] or Gilleaindreas[2]
Clan member crest badge - Clan Anderson.svg
Crest: An oak tree, Proper[1]
Motto Stand Sure[1]
Profile
Region unknown [3]
District Badenoch[1]
Plant badge An Oak Tree[1]
Anderson of that Ilk arms.svg
Clan Anderson has no chief, and is an armigerous clan

Clan Anderson is a Scottish clan that is recognized as such by the Lord Lyon King of Arms. However, as the clan does not currently have a chief recognized by the Court of the Lord Lyon, it is therefore considered an Armigerous clan. Variations of the surname are however considered septs of several other clans of the Scottish Highlands: The surname MacAndrews is considered a sept of the Clan Mackintosh and Clan Chattan, and also associated with the Clan MacDonell of Glengarry. The surnames Andrew and Andrews are considered septs of the Clan Ross.

History[edit]

Origins[edit]

As Saint Andrew is the patron saint of Scotland the surname Anderson, which means Son of Andrew is commonly found throughout most of the country.[2] The Scottish Gaelic derivation of the name is Gilleaindreas which means servant of Andrew.[2] The Scottish historian, Ian Grimble, states that although arms were granted to an Anderson of that Ilk in the sixteenth century, as the name is so widespread no exact place of origin can be established.[2]

16th and 17th centuries[edit]

The historian George Fraser Black lists Andersons as being burgesses of Peebles as well as in the county of Dumfries.[2] In 1585 John Anderson was a commissioner to Parliament for Cupar.[2] Alexander Anderson was a famous mathematician who was born near Aberdeen and later settled in Paris, where he published works on Algebra and Geometry.[2] Alexander's kinsman, David Anderson of Finshaugh, also a scientist, is renowned for removing a rock that was obstructing the entrance to Aberdeen harbour with the application of science and mechanics.[2]

19th and 20th centuries[edit]

In 1863 William Anderson published his famous biographical history of the people of Scotland, The Scottish Nation, in three volumes.[2] In this book he praised the above-mentioned rock remover, David Anderson, stating that he had been rich enough and generous enough to found and endow a hospital in Aberdeen for the maintenance and education of ten poor orphans.[2]

In the 20th century the name is remembered for the famous Anderson shelters, a type of bomb shelter that was designed by John Anderson, 1st Viscount Waverley, during World War II.[2]

21st Century[edit]

Anderson Clan Society[edit]

The Anderson Clan Society was formed in 1973 and is active throughout North America.[2] A clan room and archival display are maintained at Wisby House in Kirtlebridge, Dumfriesshire.[2]

Cadet branches[edit]

As the Clan has never been able to proclaim a Chief, there are no cadet branches for this clan. However, the major families have been identified as Anderson of Ardbrake & Westerton (whose crest is used by Andersons as a clansman's crest badge); Anderson of Kinneddar (scion of the Ardbrake line), Anderson of Noth, Anderson of Newbiggin & Kingask, Anderson of Dowhill & Stobcross, Anderson of Linkwood, Anderson of Inchyra & Stonyhill, Seton-Anderson of Mounie and Anderson of Candacraig.[2]

Arms of Anderson of Ardbrake
Anderson of Ardbrake
Arms of Anderson of Bruntstane
Anderson of Bruntstane
Arms of Anderson of Bishopmill
Anderson of Bishopmill
Arms of Anderson of Candacraig
Anderson of Candacraig
Arms of Anderson of Kinneddar
Anderson of Kinneddar
[4]

Highland MacAndrews[edit]

In the Scottish Highlands the surname MacAndrew is considered a sept of the Clan Mackintosh or Chattan Confederation and MacAndrews were also associated with the Clan MacDonell of Glengarry.[5] The surnames Andrew and Andrews are also considered septs of the Highland Clan Ross.[6]

Clan profile[edit]

  • Motto: "Stand Sure" (Anderson of Ardbrake & Westerton, plus Anderson of Kinneddar)[7]
  • Crest: An oak tree Proper (Anderson of Ardbrake & Westerton, plus Anderson of Kinneddar)[7]
  • Gaelic Name: Mac Aindrais[citation needed]
  • Badge: On a wreath of the liveries, an oak tree Proper within a circlet belt & buckle[citation needed]
  • Lands: Aberdeenshire, Banff & Moray[citation needed]
  • Origin of Name: "Son of Andrew"
  • Tartan: First seen in 1815 when collected by the "Highland Society of London." It has an azure field and it is one of several Scottish tartans woven with seven colours.[8]

Septs[edit]

Andrew, Anderson, Andrews, Gillanders, MacAndrew, M'Anderson.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Clan Anderson Profile scotclans.com. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r Way, George and Squire, Romily. Collins Scottish Clan & Family Encyclopedia. (Foreword by The Rt Hon. The Earl of Elgin KT, Convenor, The Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs). Published in 1994. Page 352.
  3. ^ it has not certain who the chiefly arms belonged to, therefore the lands of this chief can not be properly asertained. See myclan.com
  4. ^ anderson-assoc.org
  5. ^ Clan Anderson/MacAndrews History rampantscotland.com. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
  6. ^ Clan Ross History electricscotland.com. Retrieved 18 January 2014.
  7. ^ a b clanandersonsociety.org symbols
  8. ^ "The Anderson Tartan and Variants". clan-anderson.org.uk. Retrieved 2008-02-07. 

External links[edit]