Clan Hunter

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Clan Hunter
Clann an t-Sealgair (clan), Mac an t-Sealgair (surname)
Crest of Hunter Clan.png
Crest: A greyhound sejant Proper, gorged with an antique crown[citation needed]
MottoCursum perficio (Latin) - I have completed the course[1]
War cryHaud at Hunds o Hunterston
Profile
RegionScottish Highlands and Scottish Lowlands
DistrictAyrshire, Isle of Arran, The Cumbraes
Plant badgeSea Pink, Armeria Maritima
AnimalBraque Dupuy
Pipe musicHunters March
Chief
Generic COA.jpg
Pauline Natalie Hunter of Hunterston,[2]
Chief of the Name and Arms of Hunter and 30th Laird of Hunterston.Praefectus Venatorus Regis.[citation needed]
SeatHunterston.[3]
Historic seatHunterston Castle.
Last ChiefNeil Aylmer Hunter of Hunterston
Died14 October 1994[citation needed]
Clan branches
Hunter of Hunterston Tartan
Hunter of Hunterston tartan
The Hunter of Hunterston tartan in colors.
29th Laird
Sett
Tartan thread countG10 B4 G28 B28 R4 B28 W4 G28 R4 G8 Y6
Tartan registries
Scottish Tartans Authority#719
Scottish Tartans World Register#719
Scottish Register of Tartans entryHunter of Hunterston

Clan Hunter is a Scottish clan.[1][4]

History[edit]

Origins of the clan[edit]

It is likely that the Hunters went to Scotland with David I of Scotland upon his invitation and were given lands named Hunter's Toune.[4][unreliable source?]

In 1296 Aylmer le Hunter of the county of Ayr appears on the Ragman Rolls submitting to Edward I of England.[4][unreliable source?]

A charter signed by Robert II of Scotland on 2 May 1374 has survived that confirmed a grant of land to William Hunter for his faithful service rendered and to be rendered to us in return for a silver penny payable to the Sovereign at Hunterston on the Feast of Pentecost.[4][unreliable source?] To this day the Laird of Hunterston, chief of Clan Hunter keeps silver pennies, minted in the reigns of Robert II and George V in case of a royal visit on the day appointed for payment of her rent.[4][unreliable source?] The William Hunter who received this charter is reckoned to have been the tenth Hunter of Hunterston.[4] In earlier records both William Hunter and Norman Hunter appear using the Latin form of the name, Venator.[4][unreliable source?]

15th and 16th centuries[edit]

The Hunters were hereditary keepers of the royal forests of Arran and Little Cumbrae by the fifteenth century.[4][unreliable source?] The family appear to have held this office from an early date and also claim a long descent from people who held similar offices in England and Normandy before they came to Scotland.[4][unreliable source?]

During the sixteenth century the Hunters rendered chiefly military service.[4] John Hunter, the fourteenth Laird was killed with his king at the Battle of Flodden in 1513.[4][unreliable source?] His son was Robert who was trouble with sickness and infirmity and was excused from military service in 1542 by James V of Scotland, providing that he sent his eldest son in his place.[4] His son was Mungo who was killed at the Battle of Pinkie Cleugh in 1547.[4][unreliable source?]

17th century[edit]

Hunterston Castle, historic seat of the chiefs of Clan Hunter

Successive generations of Hunters were more peaceful Lairds and tended to their estates and looked after their tenants.[4][unreliable source?] Robert Hunter who was a son of the twentieth Laird graduated at the University of Glasgow in 1643 and was minister of West Kilbride.[4][unreliable source?] He bought lands and founded the Hunters of Kirkland branch of the clan.[4][unreliable source?]

A grandson of the twentieth Laird was another Robert Hunter who served under Marlborough and was Governor of Virginia and later Governor of New York.[4][unreliable source?]

18th and 19th centuries[edit]

The family suffered from financial problems in the early eighteenth century.[4][unreliable source?] These problems were resolved by yet another Robert Hunter, a younger son of the twenty second Laird who succeeded to the estate and managed it well.[4][unreliable source?] He was succeeded by his daughter, Eleanora, who married her cousin, Robert Caldwell.[4][unreliable source?] He assumed the name Hunter and together they improved the estate and built the present Hunterston House.[4][unreliable source?] Their son had two daughters: Jane Hunter who married Gould Weston and Eleanor who married Robert William Cochran-Patrick.[4][unreliable source?]

20th century[edit]

Sir Aylmer Hunter-Weston

Jane Hunter-Weston died in 1911 and was succeeded by her son, Lieutenant General Sir Aylmer Hunter-Weston who served on Kitchener's staff during the Egyptian War of 1896.[4] He also served in the Boer Wars and also as a divisional officer of the British Expeditionary Force in World War I.[4] Also during that war he served during the Gallipoli landings and later commanded the 8th Army on the Western Front.[4]

Post clan activity[edit]

As times became more settled the Hunters devoted more time to farming their extensive lands, although they still produced soldiers of distinction over the generations. Gould Hunter-Weston, husband of Jane Hunter-Weston (26th Laird) fought in India at Lucknow in 1857 and their eldest son, Aylmer (27th Laird) was a well-known general in the First World War. He later became Member of Parliament for North Ayrshire. During her tenure as Clan Chief, Eleanora (28th Laird) fought in the courts, but lost, a compulsory purchase order for land at Hunterston to build a nuclear power station.[citation needed]

The last Clan Chief, Neil Hunter of Hunterston and of that Ilk, along with his wife Sonia, Madam Hunter of Hunterston, continued the fight against industrialization. He was well known for his sailing prowess and represented the United Kingdom in two Olympic Games, winning a silver medal at Melbourne in 1956. Like many Hunters before him he was in true tradition an expert in archery.

30th Chief of Clan Hunter

Chiefs[edit]

Lady Pauline Hunter of Hunterston and of that Ilk is the 30th Laird and Chief of Clan Hunter. Her mid-19th century ancestor is reported in May, 1859 as furthering the philanthropic tradition of Clan Hunter; "The Lady of Hunterston tries to elevate and benefit her neighbours in the village of West Kilbride", while her husband, the Laird of Hunterston, "seeks the good of his tenants by provoking emulation amongst them, as regards the quality of their stock".[5][6]

Clan seat and castle[edit]

The seat of the chief of Clan Hunter has been at Hunterston Castle for over 800 years.[citation needed]

Royal Charter[edit]

William Huntar of, the 10th laird was granted a Royal Charter by King Robert II of Scotland (1371-1390) signed in Stirling on the 2nd May 1374 for faithful services rendered.[7][unreliable source?] This Charter with the Royal Seal is preserved at Hunterston and on display in the castle. It remains the oldest document in the possession of the Hunter Family

"(1374.) Acquisition of Arnell. Charter by King Robert the Second to WILLIAM HUNTER, for faithful services rendered to him, of the lands of ARNELL, to be held by the said William Hunter and the heirs-male of his body of the Crown for payment of one penny of silver at Arnell at Whitsunday. The Charter is dated at Stirling the second day of May in the fourth year of the King's reign (1374). " Original Latin:

Robertus dei gracia Rex Scottorum omnibus probis hominibus tocius terre sue clericis et laicis Salutem : Sciatis nos dedisse concessisse et hac presenti carta nostra confirmasse dilecto et fideli nostro WILLIELMO HUNTER pro fideli servicio suo nobis impenso et impendendo totam illam terrain de ARNELL cum pertinenciis que fuit Andre Catnbell militis et quam idem Andreas non vi aut metu ductus nee errore lapsus set mera et spontanea voluntate sua nobis per f us turn et baculum sursum reddidit pureque et simpliciter resignavit ac totum ius et clameum quod in dicta terra cum pertinenciis habuit seu habere potuit pro se et heredibus suis omnino quietum clamavit in perpetuum. Tenendam et habendam dicto Willielmo et heredibus suis masculis de corpore suo legitime procreatis seu procreandis de nobis et heredibus nostris in feodo et hereditate per omnes rectas metas et divisas suas cum omnibus et singulis libertatibus commoditatibus aysiamentis et iustis pertinenciis quibuscunque ad dictam terram spectantibus seu quoquomodo iuste spectare valentibus in futurum libere quiete plenarie integre bene et in pace. Reddendo inde annua- tim nobis et heredibus nostris dictus Willielmus et heredes sui predicti unum denarium argenti apud dictam terram de Arnell ad festum Pentecostes nomine albe firme tantum pro wardis releviis maritagiis oneribus et aliis serviciis quibus- cunque. In cuius rei testimonium presenti carte nostre nostrum precepimus apponi sigillum. Testibus venerabili in Christo patre Willielmo Episcopo Sancti Andre- Johanne primogenito nostro Comite de Carryk Senescallo Scocie- Roberto Comite de ftyff et de Meneteth filio nostro dilecto. Willielmo Comite de Douglas. Johanne de Carryk Cancellario nostro. Jacobo de Lyndesay nepote nostro -et Roberto de Erskyne- militibus. Apud Strivelyne secundo die Maij anno regni nostri quarto.

English Translation:

"Robert, by the grace of God, King of Scots, to all good men of his whole land, clerics and laymen, Greeting : Know ye that we have given, granted and by this our present charter have confirmed to our loved and faithful WILLIAM HUNTER, for his faithful service rendered and to be rendered to us, that whole land of ARNELL with pertinents which belonged to Andrew Cambell, Knight, and which the said Andrew, not led by force or fear nor falling into error but of his own free and pure will, gave up and purely and simply resigned to us by staff and baton and wholly renounced in all time coming for himself and his heirs, with all right and title that he had or might have in the said land with the pertinents : To hold and have to the said William and his heirs male lawfully procreate or to be procreated of his body of us and our heirs in fee and heritage by all their right marches and bounds, with all and singular liberties, commodities, easements and just pertinents whatsoever belonging or in what manner soever shall be justly known to belong in future to the said land, freely, quietly, wholly well and in peace. The said William and his heirs foresaid rendering therefor yearly to us and our heirs one penny of silver only at the said land of Arnell at the feast of Pentecost in name of " blench ferme " for wards, reliefs, marriages, burdens and other services whatsoever. In testimony of which thing we have commanded our seal to be appended to our present charter. WMtnesses, the venerable father in Christ, William Bishop of St. Andrews ; John our firstborn Earl of Carryk, Steward of Scotland ; Robert Earl of ffyff and of Meneteth, our beloved son ; William Earl of Douglas ; John of Carryk our Chancellor ; James of Lyndesay our nephew ; and Robert of Erskyne ; Knights. At Strivelyne (Stirling) the second day of May the fourth year of our reign {i.e. 1374)."

Close up of the 1374 Royal Charter
The 1374 Royal Charter and Hunterston Brooch in sealed cabinet in Hunterston Castle

Tartans[edit]

The Clan Hunter tartan was designed in 1983[8] by Capt. T. Stuart Davidson, the founder of the Scottish Tartan Society. The design or Sett as it is known, has been named Hunter of Hunterston to distinguish it from other Hunter tartans such as:

Hunter Russell Mitchell Galbraith sett – A tartan shared between the four families.[citation needed]

Hunters of Bute sett – Hunters who sought allegiance from the Stuarts at one time.[citation needed]

Hunters of Peebleshire sett – An old branch of the Hunter family.[citation needed]

Image Tartan Sett Name
Hunter Mitchel Galbraith Shared Tartan.png
Hunter Mitchel Galbraith Shared[9] It seems certain that the tartan was first known as Galbraith in the collection of the Highland Society of London. William Wilson and Sons of Bannockburn recorded the pattern as Russell in their pattern book of 1847, although it was named Hunter in the earlier book of 1819. John Telfer Dunbar states that he has a record of a Hunter tartan designed by a gentleman of the name Hunter in 1824 but without a thread count. Galbraiths (Briton's son in Gaelic) are connected with the Earls of Lennox, and at one time took protection as a Sept of Clan Donald. The name Galbraith is associated with the West Coast island of Gigha. Named in honour of General Billy Mitchell when it was adopted as the tartan of the United States Air Force pipe band. Wilsons of Bannockburn a weaving firm founded c1770 near Stirling. The Pattern books are in the National Museum of Antiquities, Edinburgh. Copies of the Pattern books and letters in the Scottish Tartans Society archive.
Hunter of Bute Tartan.jpg
Hunter of Bute[10]

Mentioned in the notes of Lord Lyon's Tartan Committee May 1991

Hunters of Peebleshire tartan.png
Hunters of Peebleshire[11] Scottish Tartans Society only gives this Hunter and says it is believed to be worn by the Hunters of Peebleshire. From JCT files identified: 'Telfer Dunbar's 'fancy' 197-? ' but no further explanation. According to the late L. Anderson of Galashiels (c.1939), this was worn by the Hunters of Peebleshire, Ayrshire, Angus and Renfrewshire - Sindex. Other notes called it 'Old Hunter' and stated 'Thread count of 'Old Hunter' quoted to Lord Lyon in Sept 1990 by Hunter of Hunterston in the course of saying that it was one that was frequently confused with the newer Clan Hunter submitted in 1985 - #719 (original Scottish Tartans Authority reference)
Old Hunter Tartan.jpg
Hunter[12] Fashion version of Hunter, Original. Thread count halved to show sett. Very close to Hunter Old.
Hunter (1775) Tartan.jpg
Hunter (1775)[13] Presented to the Scottish Tartans Authority in Canada in 2003 by a Jean Hunter from Huntsville Ontario who had been given it by her Father the Rev. George W. Hunter, a minister in Aberdeen. The piece is a shawl 6ft 6inches long by 19inches wide and is what is known as a hard, superfine tartan using typical Wilson of Bannockburn colours. The sett is selvedge to selvedge full repeat and the weave is 52epi. The sett is complex with 8 colours and 67 colour changes. Embroidered into the end of the shawl is 'Donnald 1775'.
Hunter (USA) Tartan.jpg
Hunter (USA)[14] Colour change by Peter MacDonald, with R & B reversed, for some US Clan Hunter members.
Hunter (Wilson) Tartan.jpg
Hunter (Wilson)[15] Chosen by the Chief as a 'second clan tartan in order to give our clanswomen an alternative choice for skirts and other clothing.' The first clan tartan referred to is #719 (original Scottish Tartans Authority reference). Although appearing in Wilson's 1819 pattern book, this tartan was patented by Hunter of Hunterston, Chief of Clan Hunter, and registered with Lord Lyon in 1991 (LCB 81. 26th Nov.). Jamie Scarlett MBE in 'Tartan: the Highland Textile' dates this as end of 18th century (and gives slightly different thread count). This data includes the light green as called for in Lyon Court record - see Hunter, Original. The Scottish Tartans Society version differs very slightly in some thread counts from this 'official' version from Lord Lyon records. This sett has been double-checked against Chief's original paperwork in Scottish Tartans Authority's Archives. It is (with a couple of minor exceptions) half the Wilson count. The count was taken from a manuscript account book in the National Museum of Antiquities of Scotland in Queen Street, Edinburgh. Samples in Scottish Tartans Authority's Dalgety Collection labelled: ' as near as Lochcarron can get.' This tartan is mentioned by Telford Dunbar in his 1962 'History of Highland Dress' (Page145) when he states that it appeared in William Wilson's stock list of 1800.
Hunter Graham Tartan.jpg
Hunter Graham[16] Commemorating the wedding of Adeline Hunter and Stuart Graham. The tartan was created by combining the setts of the Graham of Montrose and the Hunter tartans.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Clan Hunter Profile scotclans.com. Retrieved 9 October 2013.
  2. ^ "burkespeerage.com: Hunter".
  3. ^ "clanchiefs.org: Hunter". Archived from the original on 26 July 2011.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y Way, George (1994). Squire, Romilly (ed.). Collins Scottish Clan & Family Encyclopedia (Illustrated ed.). Harper Collins Publishers. pp. 172–173. ISBN 978-0-00-470547-7.
  5. ^ "Memorial to Hunters of Hunterston". 2 July 2013 - Largs and Millport Weekly Times Scotland UK. Retrieved 22 June 2018. The Isle of Cumbrae Pipe Band followed by the Clan Hunter colour party, the Reverend Gordon Fyfe, Clan Chief and 30th Laird Lady Pauline Hunter of Hunterston and a Guard of Honour from...
  6. ^ "An Effort To Elevate". Ardrossan and Saltcoats Herald Ayrshire, Scotland - 14 May 1859. Retrieved 24 June 2018. who seeks the good of his tenants, by provoking emulation amongst them, as regards the quality of their stock; and the Lady of Hunterston, who tries to elevate and benefit her neighbours in the village of West Kilbride, by originating, furnishing, and supplying....
  7. ^ Shaw, M.S (1898). Some Family Papers of the Hunters of Hunterston. Scottish Record Society, Edinburgh. pp. 2–3.
  8. ^ "The Scottish Register of Tartans".
  9. ^ "The Scottish Register of Tartans".
  10. ^ "The Scottish Register of Tartans".
  11. ^ "The Scottish Register of Tartans".
  12. ^ "The Scottish Register of Tartans".
  13. ^ "The Scottish Register of Tartans".
  14. ^ "The Scottish Register of Tartans".
  15. ^ "The Scottish Register of Tartans".
  16. ^ "The Scottish Register of Tartans".

External links[edit]