Clan Jardine

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Clan Jardine
Jardine crest color.svg
Crest: A spur rowel of six points Proper
MottoCave Adsum
Plant badgeApple Blossom
Jardine of Applegarth Arms.svg
Sir William Murray Jardine of Applegirth
The 13th Baronet of Applegarth
SeatAsh House[1]
Historic seatSpedlings Tower[2]
Jardine Hall[2]

Clan Jardine is a Lowland Scottish clan.[2]


Origins of the clan[edit]

The surname Jardine is derived from jardin which is French for garden or orchard.[2] However the genealogist, Black, has suggested that this does not mean that they were gardeners, but that they resided near to a garden.[2]

The du Jardon family came over to England in 1066 with William the Conqueror.[2] The name is first found in Scotland in charters to Kelso Abbey and Arbroath Abbey prior to 1153, when Wmfredus de Jardin appears as a witness.[2] In about 1178 Humphrey de Jardin witnessed a charter by Robert Bruce to Arbroath Abbey.[2]

The name Jardine is also found in the form of de Gardinus and Patrick de Gardinus was chaplain to the Bishop of Glasgow during the early thirteenth century.[2] Sir Humphrey de Gardino witnessed a registration of the lands of Annandale in 1245.[2]

Another variant of the name is found in the Ragman Rolls of 1296 where Jorden del Orchard appears rendering homage for his lands in Linlithgow to Edward I of England.[2]

The chiefly line of the Clan Jardine appears to have been established by the fourteenth century at Applegirth on the River Annan in Dumfriesshire.[2] Their first stronghold was Spedlings Tower which was abandoned in the late seventeenth century.[2] From there the family moved across the river to Jardine Hall.[2] This was allegedly to escape the ghost of a miller who had been left to starve to death in the tower's dungeon.[2]

16th century and Anglo-Scottish Wars[edit]

Sir Alexander Jardine of Applegirth was actively involved in defending the Scottish Borders against English incursions.[2] In 1524 Sir Alexander Jardine, along with Lord Maxwell attacked an English host near Carlisle and routed them, taking nearly three hundred English prisoners.[2] However Alexander's son, John Jardine, faced English retribution in 1547 when Lord Wharton, with a force of over five thousand, overran Annandale.[2] The Jardine lands were ravaged and he was forced to submit.[2] Later that year the Jardines and some French troops harried the English and exacted a terrible retribution.[2]

The Jardines followed the Clan Johnstone in supporting Mary, Queen of Scots.[2] However, when the queen married the Earl of Bothwell the Jardines declared allegiance to the infant James VI of Scotland.[2] For the support of his clan, Jardine was to receive a pension from the Archbishopric of Glasgow, but it was never paid.[2]

17th and 18th centuries[edit]

Another John Jardine, fourth in descent from Sir Alexander, married Margaret Douglas who was the sister of the first Duke of Queensberry.[2] Their elder son, Alexander Jardine, was created a Baronet of Nova Scotia in 1672.[2] The fourth baronet lived on the Continent and embraced the Catholic faith, becoming a Knight of the Sovereign Order of Malta.[2] He died in 1790 and was succeeded by his brother, Sir William.[2] Yet another William was Sir William Jardine, 7th Baronet who distinguished himself as an author and editor of works of natural history.[2]

Modern history[edit]

Sir William Jardine, twelfth Baronet and twenty-third chief of Clan Jardine was active in promoting clan activities and also served on the Committee of the Council of Chiefs.[2]

Clan castles[edit]

Spedlings (Spedlins) Tower, the original seat of the chiefs of Clan Jardine.[3]
  • Spedlings Tower was the original seat of the chiefs of Clan Jardine.[2]
  • Jardine Hall was the seat of the chiefs of Clan Jardine from the late seventeenth century.[2]

Clan profile[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs - Select Jardine form the drop down list Archived 26 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 22 September 2013.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae Way, George and Squire, Romily. Collins Scottish Clan & Family Encyclopedia. (Foreword by The Rt Hon. The Earl of Elgin KT, Convenor, The Standing Council of Scottish Chiefs). Published in 1994. Pages 176 - 177.
  3. ^ Speldins Tower Retrieved 22 September 2013.
  4. ^
  5. ^ Clanline, the Magazine of the Jardine Clan Society. 1997. p.20

External links[edit]