|Motto||Audacter et Strenue (Boldly and earnestly)|
|Clan Pollock has no chief, and is an armigerous clan|
|Historic seat||Pollok Castle|
Clan Pollock is an armigerous Scottish clan whose origin lies in a grant of land on the southern bank of the River Clyde, courtesy of King David I, to the sons of Fulbert from Walter fitz Alan, the 1st High Steward of Scotland, in the 12th century. It is among the oldest recorded surnames in Scotland. The clan is a sept of Clan Maxwell.
Origins of the clan
The clan can trace its origin to Fulbert "the Saxon", a vassal knight of Walter fitz Alan from Oswestry, Shropshire, England. Fulbert came to Scotland with Walter fitz Alan in about 1136 and fought for Scotland at the Battle of the Standard at Northallerton in 1138. Fulbert's sons were granted land in Renfrewshire for the service of their father, a knight to Walter fitz Alan, reconfirmed in a charter in 1157 by Malcolm IV. The family name is retained in placenames such as Pollok, Pollokshields and Pollokshaws, all situated to the south side of the River Clyde, between Glasgow city centre and Paisley.
The church of Pollock was given to the monks of the Priory of Paisley in 1163 by Petrus de Polloc, eldest son of Fulbert. As part of a dowry for one of his daughters, Petrus bestowed the barony of Rothes upon her. Robert de Polloc, Fulbert's third son, gave the church of Mearns to the Priory of Paisley. John de Polloc was a signatory to the Ragman Rolls subscribing allegiance to King Edward I of England in 1296. John Pollok of Pollok fought on the side of Mary, Queen of Scots, at the Battle of Langside on 13 May 1568, only a few miles from Pollok Castle and, as a result, was forfeited of some of his lands. John Pollok, his son, was killed on 7 December 1593 at the Battle of Dryfe Sands near Lockerbie during a battle between Clan Maxwell and the Clan Johnstone. Robert Pollok of Pollok was knighted and made 1st Baronet of Pollok by Queen Anne in 1703 for his services to the crown.
- Clan chief: Clan Pollock has no chief, and is an armigerous clan.
- Chiefly arms: A saltire Vert, 2nd, 3rd and 4th or buglehorns stringed and garnished.
- Motto: Audacter et strenue. The motto translates from Latin as "boldly and earnestly".
- Crest: A boar, shot through with an arrow proper.
- Tartan: Pollock Ancient and Pollock Modern.
- Barony of Rothes (12th century)
- Baronets of Pollock
- Crawford, George (1710). General Description of the Shire of Renfrew, Including an Account of the Noble and Ancient Families.
- Garrett, Mary Winder (April 1896). "PEDIGREE OF THE POLLOK OR POLK FAMILY FROM FULBERT THE SAXON (A. D. 1075) TO THE PRESENT TIME". The American Historical Magazine. 1 (2): 154–173. JSTOR 42657474.
- Ritchie, R. L. Graeme (1954). The Normans in Scotland. Edinburgh University Press. p. 280.
- Way (1994), pp.446-447.
- "Polk-Pollock-Pogue DNA Project: y-Results". Worldfamilies.net. Archived from the original on 23 May 2018. Retrieved 5 April 2018.
- George Way of Plean and Romilly Squire Scottish Clan and Family Encyclopedia, Harper Collins, Glasgow, 1994. ISBN 0-00-470547-5
- "POLLOCK". The Encyclopaedia Britannica; A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature and General Information. XXII (POLL to REEVES) (11th ed.). Cambridge, England and New York: At the University Press. 1911. p. 6. Retrieved 25 October 2020 – via Internet Archive.
- Clan Pollock International
- Clan Pollock Facebook Page