Clandestine Insurgent Rebel Clown Army
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The Clandestine Insurgent Rebel Clown Army (also known as CIRCA and Clown Army) is an anti-authoritarian left-wing activist group that uses clowning and non-violent tactics to act against corporate globalisation, war, and on other issues. The group originated circa 2003 in the United Kingdom.
The group was particularly prominent in many of the actions organised around the 31st G8 summit held in Gleneagles during July 2005. Members of CIRCA entertained children in Auchterarder while waiting for permission to march near the summit.
CIRCA has active groups in the United Kingdom, Ireland, the Netherlands, Belgium, France, Denmark, Germany, and Israel, and many other groups have appeared that have been inspired by the work of the original group.
Those participating in CIRCA actions typically dress in military-style camouflage clothing supplemented with brightly coloured trimmings and political logos. The costumes both create a comical atmosphere and serve to maintain anonymity during protests. 'Armaments' are usually limited to feather dusters, although some carry water pistols. The complete ensemble of the costume and traditional clown make-up (usually consisting of a white face and red nose) creates a sense of ridiculousness which seeks to challenge preconceptions of radical activists.
CIRCA claims that there is more to the group than simply dressing up and being playful. There is also a psychology which informs its actions: the clown persona can be used to defuse tense situations and engage with police in public order situations. In order to learn this 'recruits' must participate in a training workshop before deployment.
In an article about the G8 protests, the Edinburgh Evening News described CIRCA as "an anarchist splinter group," but a member of the organization denied this, saying that while some members would describe themselves as anarchists "...most would consider themselves 'horizontalists' where we engage people without the need for leaders."
- "BBC NEWS - UK - Scotland - Day of uncertainty and contrasts". bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
- http://edinburghnews.scotsman.com/edinburgh.cfm?id=719802005 Rebel clowns are in town], Edinburgh Evening News, 30 June 2005
- "Clandestine Insurgent Rebel Clown Army". beautifultrouble.org. Retrieved 3 February 2017.
- Rebel Clowns Army | at.indymedia.org Archived May 20, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
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- CIRCA Boredom Patrol, in the US/Mexico Borderlands
- Middle East Clown Army or Smile LiberAtion Front
- Clown Army Wendland (coordinating the Clown Army in Germany)
- The Laboratory of Insurrectionary Imagination - which the clowns are involved in
- Glasgow Clown Army
- arounorg/archives/2007/0707pinkow.html Globalized Resistance: At the G-8 summit, activists refine their tactics from Dollars & Sense, July/August 2007
- Circus of (Im)Migration, Photos, More[permanent dead link], 2[permanent dead link]
- 'Embedded' film maker documented CIRCA from first steps in 2003 to the Ridiculous Recruitment Tour and G8 protests
- CIRCA website
- Rebel Clown Logs[dead link]
- Video of CIRCA action In Leeds
- Dutch Clown Army
- Belgian Clown Army