Clane

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Clane
Claonadh
Town
Clane
Clane
Clane is located in Ireland
Clane
Clane
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 53°17′31″N 6°41′10″W / 53.29185°N 6.68612°W / 53.29185; -6.68612Coordinates: 53°17′31″N 6°41′10″W / 53.29185°N 6.68612°W / 53.29185; -6.68612
Country Ireland
Province Leinster
County County Kildare
Elevation 70 m (230 ft)
Population (2016)[1]
 • Total 7,280
Time zone UTC±0 (WET)
 • Summer (DST) UTC+1 (IST)
Eircode W91
Telephone area code 045
Irish Grid Reference N872278
Website www.clane.ie

Clane (Irish: Claonadh) is a town in County Kildare, Ireland, 35.4 km (22 mi) from Dublin. Its population of 7,280[1] makes it the eighth largest town in Kildare and the 66th largest in Ireland. It is on the River Liffey. Clane gives its name to the associated townland, civil parish, electoral division and barony.[2]

History[edit]

Clane is located on the crossroads of the R403 and R407 regional roads.

The town most probably owes its origin to the foundation of an abbey in the sixth century, from about 520 A.D., when Ailbe of Emly, Bishop of Ferns, founded an Abbey in Clane, and made St. Senchel the Elder its first Abbot. Saint Ultan Tua, who used to put a stone into his mouth to prevent him from speaking during Lent, and his brother Fotharnaise, are said to have been buried in Clane. They were brothers of Maighend, Abbot of Kilmainham, from whom the parish and church of Mainham, near Clane, were probably called. King Mesgegra's Mound claims links to the legendary first-century AD king Mesgegra of Leinster and was later used by Normans.

The ruins of the Franciscan monastery founded at Clane by Sir Gerald FitzMaurice, 3rd Lord Ophaly, in 1272 still exist. In 1542 Henry VIII’s Commissioner granted the site and precincts of this House of Friars, manor or preaching-house of the preaching Friars of Clane to Robert Eustace, Roger Roche and Ed. Brown for £177. Besides about 70 acres (28 ha) of land in the neighbourhood - its possessions consisted of a church, cemetery, chapter-house, dormitory, store, kitchen, two chambers, stable and orchard. The dormitory and other buildings probably stood on the north side of the Abbey Church, and have long since completely disappeared.

The parish of Clane has the distinction of being the place where the rebellion of 1798 broke out; a battle between the United Irishmen and the Yeomen[disambiguation needed] forces led by Richard Griffith took place on Coiseanna Hill by the modern Woods Centre. The rebels were easily defeated, and the survivors fled to Timahoe with the rest of the North Kildare rebels.[3]

Features[edit]

Clane has two Liffey tributaries, the Butter Stream at the south west, with a small park, and the Gollymochy River at the eastern side.

Places of interest[edit]

  • Sections of The Pale remain as ditches and hedgerows in private fields to the north of Clane.[4]
  • Clane Friary and Abbey Cemetery, to the south of the village.
  • The Abbey, on Main Street. Formerly a church, then a ruin, now restored into a Community Centre and Garden of Remembrance.
  • Clongowes Wood College, a secondary school run by the Jesuit Fathers. James Joyce was educated there.
  • The Wogan Mausoleum and churchyard at Mainham.
  • The Liffeyside Nature Park, a small wilderness leading to a paved path by the River Liffey.

Clane today[edit]

In recent decades[when?] Clane has developed as a dormitory town for Dublin which lies 32 km (20 mi) to the east.[citation needed]

Transport[edit]

A commuter railway station in Sallins, approximately 6 km (4 mi) from Clane, has a service to Dublin. The town is also served by Bus Éireann, which operates regular bus service between Edenderry and Dublin. A rapid town link service, provided by private operator JJ Kavanagh and Sons operates hourly between Clane, Sallins and Naas, while a route to Maynooth University served by the same company operates on weekdays.

Clane GAA crest

Sport[edit]

There are 10 golf courses within 16 km (10 mi) of the town, including the K Club, where the 1995 European Open was held, and which hosted the 2006 Ryder Cup

Clane Rugby Club has 2 senior sides and a youth program, with pitches situated on the Ballinagappa Road.[5]

Clane GAA is located on the Prosperous Road, and is the most successful senior club in Kildare.[citation needed] The club has also just[when?] won a county minor title and a Leinster minor title.[citation needed] Clane United is the local soccer club.

Education[edit]

  • 53% of residents have completed second level education and 38.4% had gone on to third level.[6]
  • Scoil Mhuire, a Community School located on the Prosperous Road.
  • Hewetsons N.S., a primary school located near Millicent.
  • Scoil Bhríde G.N.S.,[7] a primary school located on the Prosperous Road.
  • Clongowes Wood College
    Scoil Phádraig B.N.S.,[8] a primary school located on the Prosperous Road.
  • Longtown Crèche and Montessori.
  • Clongowes Wood College.

Religion[edit]

Saint Patrick's & Saint Brigid's Church is the Catholic place of worship, part of the Catholic parish of Clane and Rathcoffey. It first opened in 1884, and was renovated after a fire in 2008, which left the church unsafe.[9] The local Church of Ireland church is Church of St Michael and All Angels, Millicent (C of I parish of Clane and Donadea), a 19th-century building noted for its architecture and interior.

Language[edit]

According to the 2011 census, 2,565 people speak Irish in Clane (with 880 people speaking it daily).[6] 984 people speak a language other than English or Irish, with Polish the most common foreign language (with 336 speakers).

Clane in fiction[edit]

The town of Clane is one of the settings in the early life of Stephen Daedalus, the protagonist in James Joyce's novel, A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man.

People[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Sapmap Area - Settlements - Clane". Census 2016. CSO. 2016. Retrieved 12 January 2018. 
  2. ^ Details of the Clane Townland, Civil Parish, Barony and Electoral Division
  3. ^ "Seamus Cullen's Personal Web Site". seamuscullen.net. Retrieved 2016-11-29. 
  4. ^ http://maps.osi.ie/publicviewer/#V2,687707,729181,10,9
  5. ^ "Clane Rugby FC". www.pitchero.com. Retrieved 2016-11-23. 
  6. ^ a b "AREA PROFILE FOR TOWN CLANE CO. KILDARE" (PDF). 
  7. ^ "Scoil Bhríde Girls National School". 
  8. ^ "Scoil Phádraig Boys National School". 
  9. ^ "Mass Times for Clane, Church of St. Patrick and St. Brigid. Parish of Clane & Rathcoffey, Diocese of Kildare and Leighlin". www.claneparish.com. Retrieved 2016-11-23. 
  10. ^ Dungan, Thomas P. John Dongan of Dublin: An Elizabethan Gentleman and His Family, Baltimore, GPC, 1996, esp. pp. 116-123, with mult. ref.
  11. ^ "Mark Walsh". Horse Racing Ireland. Retrieved 7 March 2017. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Hermann Geissel, 1996: The Shady Road to Clane
  • Bryan Sammon, Paddy Behan and Liam Burke, 2006: Clane: The Village We Knew
  • Journal the Kildare Archaeological Society, references include: Volume I: pp17, 25-33, 91, 168, 189, 292, 311, 312, 313. Volume II: pp50–51, 158, 370, 457(Corrigenda). Volume IV: pp35–46, 68, 460. Volume V: pp349. Volume VI: pp180, 302-303, 343, an on specific topics:
  • Bridge of Clane, Volume III: p106.
  • Clane Abbey Volume III: pp101–106.
  • Clane Abbeyland Volume XIII: p64.
  • Clane Priory Volume III: pp105–106. Volume XII: p393.
  • Clane Rangers Volume VI: p347.
  • Clergy of Clane, Volume IV: pp36, 44, 46, 169.
  • Moat at Clane, Volume I: pp27, 313, 405. Volume III: pp107–111.
  • Parish Register of Clane, Volume IV: pp40–41.
  • St. Brigid's thimble, chair, road and well Volume III: p269.
  • Union of Clane Volume XVII: pp118–120.
  • Clane & Rathcoffey Ecclesiastical History Committee, 2011: A History of Christianity in Clane & Rathcoffey

External links[edit]