Clane

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Clane
Claonadh
Town
Clane
Clane
Clane is located in Ireland
Clane
Clane
Location in Ireland
Coordinates: 53°17′31″N 6°41′10″W / 53.29185°N 6.68612°W / 53.29185; -6.68612Coordinates: 53°17′31″N 6°41′10″W / 53.29185°N 6.68612°W / 53.29185; -6.68612
Country Ireland
Province Leinster
County County Kildare
Elevation 70 m (230 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 6,702
Irish Grid Reference N872278
Website www.clane.ie

Founded in 520 A.D; Clane (Irish: Claonadh) is a town in County Kildare, Ireland, 35.4 km (22 mi) from Dublin. Its population of 6,702 [2] makes it the eighth largest town in Kildare and the 78th largest in Ireland. It is on the River Liffey. Clane gives its name to the associated townland, civil parish, electoral division and barony.[3]

History[edit]

Clane is located on the crossroads of the R403 and R407 regional roads, halfway between Maynooth and Naas in north Kildare.

The town most probably owes its origin to the foundation of an abbey in the sixth century, from about 520 A.D., when Ailbe of Emly, Bishop of Ferns, founded an Abbey in Clane, and made St. Senchel the Elder its first Abbot. Saint Ultan Tua, who used to put a stone into his mouth to prevent him from speaking during Lent, and his brother Fotharnaise, are said to have been buried in Clane. They were brothers of Maighend, Abbot of Kilmainham, from whom the parish and church of Mainham, near Clane, were probably called. King Mesgegra's Mound claims links to the legendary first-century AD king Mesgegra of Leinster and was later used by Normans.

The ruins of the Franciscan monastery founded at Clane by Sir Gerald FitzMaurice, 3rd Lord Ophaly, in 1272 still exist. In 1542 Henry VIII’s Commissioner granted the site and precincts of this House of Friars, manor or preaching-house of the preaching Friars of Clane to Robert Eustace, Roger Roche and Ed. Brown for £177. Besides about 70 acres (28 ha) of land in the neighbourhood - its possessions consisted of a church, cemetery, chapter-house, dormitory, store, kitchen, two chambers, stable and orchard. The dormitory and other buildings probably stood on the north side of the Abbey Church, and have long since completely disappeared.

The parish of Clane has the distinction of being the place where the rebellion of 1798 broke out; a battle between the United Irishmen and the Yeomen[disambiguation needed] forces led by Richard Griffith took place on Coiseanna Hill by the modern Woods Centre. The rebels were easily defeated, and the survivors fled to Timahoe with the rest of the North Kildare rebels.[4]

Features[edit]

Clane has two Liffey tributaries, the Butter Stream at the south west, with a small park, and the Gollymochy River at the eastern side.

Places of interest[edit]

  • Sections of The Pale remain as ditches and hedgerows in private fields to the north of Clane.[5]
  • Clane Friary and Abbey Cemetery, to the south of the village.
  • The Abbey, on Main Street. Formerly a church, then a ruin, now restored into a Community Centre and Garden of Remembrance.
  • Clongowes Wood College, a secondary school run by the Jesuit Fathers. James Joyce was educated there.
  • The Wogan Mausoleum and churchyard at Mainham.
  • The Liffeyside Nature Park, a small wilderness leading to a paved path by the River Liffey.
  • The Playground, with play areas dedicated to younger and older children

Clane today[edit]

In recent decades Clane has developed as a dormitory town for Dublin which lies 32 km (20 mi) to the east. Outside of rush hour times the capital can be reached in 30 minutes.

Transport[edit]

A commuter railway station in Sallins, some 6 km (4 mi) from Clane, has a regular service to Dublin. The town is also served by Bus Éireann, which operates regular bus service between Edenderry and Dublin. A rapid town link service, provided by private operator J.J. Kavanagh and Sons operates hourly between Clane, Sallins and Naas, while a route to NUI Maynooth served by the same company operates on weekdays.

Clane GAA crest

Sport[edit]

  • There are 10 golf courses within 16 km (10 mi) of the town, the most famous of which is the K Club, where the 1995 European Open was held, and which hosted the 2006 Ryder Cup
  • Clane Rugby Club boast 2 senior sides and a strong youth set up, with pitches situated on the Ballinagappa Road.[6]
  • Clane GAA is located on the Prosperous Road, and is the most successful senior club in Kildare.
  • Clane United is the local soccer club.

Education[edit]

  • 53% of residents have completed second level education and 38.4% had gone on to third level.[7]
  • Scoil Mhuire, a Community School located on the Prosperous Road.
  • Hewetsons N.S., a primary school located near Millicent.
  • Scoil Bhríde G.N.S.,[8] a primary school located on the Prosperous Road.
  • Clongowes Wood College
    Scoil Phádraig B.N.S.,[9] a primary school located on the Prosperous Road.
  • Longtown Crèche and Montessori.
  • Clongowes Wood College.

Shopping[edit]

The town is a destination for residents of smaller areas located around Clane, boasting several stores such as Aldi, Lidl, Tesco Metro and one of Ireland's largest SuperValu stores. Other smaller stores in the town include a Londis and a Centra for convenience.

Food & drink[edit]

Clane is home to several pubs, restaurants and cafes. There are five bars in the town, including the GAA club and the Oak Bar at the Westgrove Hotel. Popular restaurants include Zest restaurant and cafe, the Assagio restaurant at the Westgrove Hotel, Bombay Bistro, the Lemongrass, the Pot and Pantry and O'Briens.[10]

Religion[edit]

Saint Patrick's & Saint Brigid's Church is the Catholic place of worship, part of the Catholic parish of Clane and Rathcoffey. It first opened in 1884, and was renovated after a fire in 2008, which left the church unsafe.[11] The local Church of Ireland church is Church of St Michael and All Angels, Millicent (C of I parish of Clane and Donadea), a 19th-century building noted for its architecture and interior.

Language[7][edit]

  • 2,565 people speak Irish(880 people speak daily)
  • 984 people speak a language other than English or Irish
  • Polish is spoken by 336 people making it the most common foreign language

Clane in fiction[edit]

The town of Clane is one of the settings in the early life of Stephen Daedalus, the protagonist in James Joyce's novel, A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man.

People[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census 2006 – Volume 1 – Population Classified by Area" (PDF). Central Statistics Office Census 2006 Reports. Central Statistics Office Ireland. April 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-06-07. Retrieved 2011-06-14. 
  2. ^ http://census.cso.ie/areaprofiles/PDF/ST/clane.pdf
  3. ^ Details of the Clane Townland, Civil Parish, Barony and Electoral Division
  4. ^ "Seamus Cullen's Personal Web Site". seamuscullen.net. Retrieved 2016-11-29. 
  5. ^ http://maps.osi.ie/publicviewer/#V2,687707,729181,10,9
  6. ^ "Clane Rugby FC". www.pitchero.com. Retrieved 2016-11-23. 
  7. ^ a b "AREA PROFILE FOR TOWN CLANE CO. KILDARE" (PDF). 
  8. ^ "Scoil Bhríde Girls National School". 
  9. ^ "Scoil Phádraig Boys National School". 
  10. ^ "The 10 Best Clane Restaurants 2016 - TripAdvisor". www.tripadvisor.ie. Retrieved 2016-11-29. 
  11. ^ "Mass Times for Clane, Church of St. Patrick and St. Brigid. Parish of Clane & Rathcoffey, Diocese of Kildare and Leighlin". www.claneparish.com. Retrieved 2016-11-23. 
  12. ^ Dungan, Thomas P. John Dongan of Dublin: An Elizabethan Gentleman and His Family, Baltimore, GPC, 1996, esp. pp. 116-123, with mult. ref.
  13. ^ "Mark Walsh". Horse Racing Ireland. Retrieved 7 March 2017. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Hermann Geissel, 1996: The Shady Road to Clane
  • Bryan Sammon, Paddy Behan and Liam Burke, 2006: Clane: The Village We Knew
  • Journal the Kildare Archaeological Society, references include: Volume I: pp17, 25-33, 91, 168, 189, 292, 311, 312, 313. Volume II: pp50–51, 158, 370, 457(Corrigenda). Volume IV: pp35–46, 68, 460. Volume V: pp349. Volume VI: pp180, 302-303, 343, an on specific topics:
  • Bridge of Clane, Volume III: p106.
  • Clane Abbey Volume III: pp101–106.
  • Clane Abbeyland Volume XIII: p64.
  • Clane Priory Volume III: pp105–106. Volume XII: p393.
  • Clane Rangers Volume VI: p347.
  • Clergy of Clane, Volume IV: pp36, 44, 46, 169.
  • Moat at Clane, Volume I: pp27, 313, 405. Volume III: pp107–111.
  • Parish Register of Clane, Volume IV: pp40–41.
  • St. Brigid's thimble, chair, road and well Volume III: p269.
  • Union of Clane Volume XVII: pp118–120.
  • Clane & Rathcoffey Ecclesiastical History Committee, 2011: A History of Christianity in Clane & Rathcoffey

External links[edit]