The Islamic world, the Near East, North and East Africa in general, and Somali culture specifically, is patriarchal and traditionally centered on patrilineal clans or tribes. Some forms of clannism have been described as having aspects of ancestor worship.
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- Kanu, Ikechukwu A. "African traditional religion in a globalizing world." International Journal of Humanities Social Sciences and Education 1.8 (2014): 4-12.
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