Clanwilliam, Western Cape
Dutch Reform Church building in Clanwilliam
|• Total||15.27 km2 (5.90 sq mi)|
|Elevation||100 m (300 ft)|
|• Density||500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)|
|Racial makeup (2011)|
|• Black African||22.6%|
|First languages (2011)|
|Postal code (street)||8135|
Clanwilliam is a town in the Olifants River valley in the Western Cape, South Africa, about 200 kilometres (120 mi) north of Cape Town. It is located in, and the seat of, the Cederberg Local Municipality. As of 2011[update] Clanwilliam had a population of 7,674.
Clanwilliam is situated at an elevation of 100 metres (330 ft), between the western slopes of the Cederberg mountains and the east bank of the Olifants River, which is impounded there by the Clanwilliam Dam. It is located just off the N7 national road, which runs from Cape Town to the Namibian border, and on the R364 road, which runs from Lamberts Bay to Calvinia. Clanwilliam is 230 kilometres (140 mi) from Cape Town by road.
The Dutch Reform Church has been a scheduled national monument since 1973. The mission there used to run a school where Harold Cressy once taught whilst studying to become the first coloured man to gain a degree in Cape Town.
In 1930 District Surgeon and botanist Dr Pieter Le Fras Nortier Rhodes scholar  began conducting experiments with the cultivation of the rooibos plant. Dr Nortier also saw the vast commercial potential the tea held for the region. Dr Nortier cultivated the first plants at Clanwilliam on his farm Eastside and on the farm Klein Kliphuis.
Coats of arms
The arms, designed by Cornelis Pama, were : Or, a fess wavy Azure charged with a bar wavy Argent between in chief an elephant's head caboshed the trunk surmounting the fess proper and in base a trefoil Vert; a bordure embattled Ermine. In layman's terms : a golden shield with a blue wavy stripe across the centre and a narrower white wavy stripe on top of that, in the upper half of the shield is an elephant's head with the trunk hanging over the wavy stripes, and at the bottom of the shield is green trefoil, the whole design surrounded by an ermine border with an embattled edge.
The crest was an orange tree, and the motto Toujours pret ("always prepared"). Both the motto and the ermine on the shield were dervied from the Earl of Clanwilliam's arms.
The arms were : Or, on a pale wavy Azure, between two oranges stalked proper, four wavy endorses Argent; a pointe ente Gules charged with a cluster of three cones of the Clanwilliam cedar Or. In layman's terms : a golden shield displaying two oranges on either side of a blue wavy vertical stripe bearing four narrow white wavy lines, at the bottom of the shield three golden Clanwilliam cedar cones on a red triangle.
The crest was a bunch of grapes between two elephant trunks, and the motto Fide labora.
- "Chronological order of town establishment in South Africa based on Floyd (1960:20-26)" (PDF). pp. xlv–lii.
- "Main Place Clanwilliam". Census 2011.
- 3218BB Clanwilliam (Map) (3rd ed.). 1:50 000. South Africa Topographic. Chief Directorate: National Geo-spatial Information. 2003.
- Old Dutch Reform Church, SAHRA, retrieved 16 August 2014
- Verwey, ed. by: E.J. (1995). New dictionary of South African biography (1st ed.). Pretoria: HSRC Publishers. p. 55. ISBN 0796916489. Retrieved 14 August 2014.
- Green, Lawrence (1949). In The Land of the Afternoon. Standard Press Ltd. pp. 52 to 54.
- Western Cape Archives : Clanwilliam Municipal Minutes (13 february 1964).
- Cape of Good Hope Official Gazette 3251 (7 August 1964).
- Clanwilliam Feeskomitee (1964). Clanwilliam 150 Jaar 1814-1964.
- National Archives of South Africa : Data of the Bureau of Heraldry
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