Clapton in Gordano

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Clapton in Gordano
Clapton-in-Gordano (Somerset) St Michael's Church - geograph.org.uk - 67569.jpg
St Michael's Church
Red brick building with tall chimneys. In the foreground is an arcjed gateway.
Clapton Court
Clapton in Gordano is located in Somerset
Clapton in Gordano
Clapton in Gordano
Clapton in Gordano shown within Somerset
Population 348 (2011)[1]
OS grid reference ST475740
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town BRISTOL
Postcode district BS20
Dialling code 01275
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Avon
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Somerset
51°27′45″N 2°45′18″W / 51.4625°N 2.7550°W / 51.4625; -2.7550Coordinates: 51°27′45″N 2°45′18″W / 51.4625°N 2.7550°W / 51.4625; -2.7550

Clapton in Gordano is a village and civil parish in Somerset, England. It is situated within the Unitary authority of North Somerset on the southern side of the Gordano Valley, immediately adjacent to the M5 motorway. The parish has a population of 348.[1] There is a village football club, Clapton in Gordano FC. They currently run two sides with a view to continue progressing throughout the leagues. Their home ground is currently Clapton Lane, Portishead.

History[edit]

The Black Horse Inn.

The name Gordano comes from Old English and is descriptive of the triangular shape of the whole valley from Clevedon to Portishead,[2] being the ablative singular of the Latinised form of Gorden meaning muddy valley.[3]

Roman coin hoards have been discovered in Clapton. The first discovery was in 1891 when 35 'third bras' coins were found at the top of Tickenham Hill.[4] The second hoard of about 3500 bronze coins was discovered between 1922 and 1924 in a field between the church and the rectory. Some of the coins are in the Museum of Somerset while the majority were sold to the Nicholson Museum in Australia in 1949.[5][6]

The parish of Clapton was part of the Portbury Hundred.[7]

Coal was mined in the area in the 17th and 18th centuries.[6]

Half a mile west of the village is a manor house (now a farm). Another notable historic building in the village is The Black Horse pub, a 17th-century inn[8] and former magistrate's gaol.

Sperrings Farm with its 500-year-old listed farmhouse[9] is situated on the outskirts of the village.

Governance[edit]

The parish council has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept (local rate) to cover the council’s operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. The parish council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, and neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime, security, and traffic. The parish council's role also includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, such as playgrounds and dog fouling, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance, repair, and improvement of highways, drainage, footpaths, public transport, and street cleaning. Conservation matters (including trees and listed buildings) and environmental issues are also of interest to the council.

The parish falls within the unitary authority of North Somerset which was created in 1996, as established by the Local Government Act 1992. It provides a single tier of local government with responsibility for almost all local government functions within its area including local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health, markets and fairs, refuse collection, recycling, cemeteries, crematoria, leisure services, parks, and tourism. It is also responsible for education, social services, libraries, main roads, public transport, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning, although fire, police and ambulance services are provided jointly with other authorities through the Avon Fire and Rescue Service, Avon and Somerset Constabulary and the Great Western Ambulance Service.

North Somerset's area covers part of the ceremonial county of Somerset but it is administered independently of the non-metropolitan county. Its administrative headquarters are in the town hall in Weston-super-Mare. Between 1 April 1974 and 1 April 1996, it was the Woodspring district of the county of Avon.[10] Before 1974 that the parish was part of the Long Ashton Rural District.[11]

The village falls in 'Gordano' electoral ward. The ward stretches from the east side of Portishead through Clapton in Gordano to Tickenham. The total ward population taken at the 2011 census was 4,315.[12]

The parish is represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom as part of the Woodspring county constituency which is to become North Somerset at next general election. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election. It is also part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament which elects seven MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.

Geography[edit]

Near the village is Clapton Moor, 40 hectares of grassland owned and managed by the Avon Wildlife Trust.

Religious sites[edit]

The 13th century church is dedicated to St Michael.[13]

Landmarks[edit]

Clapton court was a mansion house and then a farmhouse. The northern elevation dates from the 15th century with the rest of the building dating from the 17th and 19th centuries. It has been designated as a Grade II listed building.[14] In 2009 planning permission was gained to demolish some of the farm buildings and convert others into holiday homes and offices.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "2011 Census Profile". North Somerset Council. Archived from the original (Excel) on 4 January 2014. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  2. ^ "Footsteps into History — Clapton in Gordano". Western Daily Press. 22 September 2009. Retrieved 18 March 2010. 
  3. ^ Cameron, Kenneth (1988). English Place-Names. London: B.T. Batsford Ltd. p. 98. ISBN 978-0-7134-5698-1. 
  4. ^ "Monument No. 195578". Pastscape National Monument Record. English Heritage. Retrieved 2 January 2012. 
  5. ^ "Monument No; 195361". Pastscape National Monument Record. English Heritage. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 2 January 2012. 
  6. ^ a b Newman, Paul (1976). Channel Passage. Kingsmead Press. p. 24. ISBN 978-0-901571-74-8. 
  7. ^ "Somerset Hundreds". GENUKI. Retrieved 19 October 2011. 
  8. ^ "The Black Horse". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 20 June 2008. 
  9. ^ "Sperring's Farmhouse". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 20 June 2008. 
  10. ^ "The Avon (Structural Change) Order 1995". HMSO. Archived from the original on 30 January 2008. Retrieved 9 December 2007. 
  11. ^ "Long Ashton RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  12. ^ "Gordano ward 2011.Retrieved 9 March 2015". 
  13. ^ "Church of St. Michael". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 20 June 2008. 
  14. ^ "Clapton Court". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 26 November 2009. 
  15. ^ "Weekly list of Planning Applications Decided by North Somerset Council For the week 27 April 09 – 1 May 09" (PDF). North Somerset Council. Retrieved 26 November 2009. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Clapton in Gordano at Wikimedia Commons