Clare (UK Parliament constituency)

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Clare
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
Island of Ireland location map Clare.svg
County Clare within Ireland.
18011885
Number of members Two
Replaced by East Clare and West Clare

Clare was a parliamentary constituency in Ireland, represented in the Parliament of the United Kingdom. From 1801 to 1885 it returned two Members of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.

At the 1885 general election, County Clare was split into two divisions: East Clare and West Clare.

Boundaries[edit]

This constituency comprised the whole of County Clare, except for the Borough of Ennis.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Year First member First party Second member Second party
1801 Francis Nathaniel Burton Hugh Massey
1802 Sir Edward O'Brien, 4th Baronet Whig
1808 Augustine FitzGerald Tory
1818 William Vesey-FitzGerald Tory
1826 Lucius O'Brien Tory
1828 Daniel O'Connell Radical
1830 William Nugent Macnamara Whig James Patrick Mahon Whig
1831 Maurice O'Connell Radical
1832 Cornelius O'Brien Whig
1847 Sir Lucius O'Brien, 5th Baronet Conservative
1852 Sir John Forster Fitzgerald Liberal Cornelius O'Brien Liberal
1857 Lord Francis Conyngham Liberal Francis Macnamara Calcutt Independent Irish
1859 Crofton Moore Vandeleur Conservative Luke White Liberal
1860 Francis Macnamara Calcutt Liberal
1863 Sir Colman O'Loghlen, 2nd Baronet Liberal
1874 Lord Francis Conyngham Irish Nationalist Irish Nationalist
1877 Sir Bryan O'Loghlen, 3rd Baronet Irish Nationalist
1879 James Patrick Mahon Irish Nationalist
1880 William O'Shea Independent Nationalist
1885 Constituency divided into East Clare and West Clare

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1860s[edit]

On petition, White was unseated, causing a by-election.

By-election, 13 Apr 1860: Clare[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Francis Macnamara Calcutt 2,993 72.3
Liberal Charles White 1,149 27.7
Majority 1,844 44.5 N/A
Turnout 4,142 75.2
Registered electors 5,509
Liberal hold Swing N/A

Calcutt died, causing a by-election.

By-election, 3 Aug 1863: Clare[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Colman O'Loghlen Unopposed
Registered electors 5,563
Liberal hold
General Election 1865: Clare[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Colman O'Loghlen Unopposed
Conservative Crofton Moore Vandeleur Unopposed
Registered electors 5,465
Liberal hold
Conservative hold
General Election 1868: Clare[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Colman O'Loghlen Unopposed
Conservative Crofton Moore Vandeleur Unopposed
Registered electors 5,649
Liberal hold
Conservative hold

O'Loghlen was appointed Judge Advocate General of the Armed Forces, requiring a by-election.

By-election, 5 Jan 1869: Clare[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Colman O'Loghlen Unopposed
Registered electors 5,649
Liberal hold

Elections in the 1870s[edit]

General Election 1874: Clare[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Home Rule Colman O'Loghlen 3,095 44.9 N/A
Home Rule Francis Conyngham 2,565 37.2 N/A
Conservative Crofton Moore Vandeleur 1,240 18.0 N/A
Majority 1,325 19.2 N/A
Turnout 4,070 (est) 74.5 (est) N/A
Registered electors 5,460
Home Rule gain from Conservative Swing N/A
Home Rule gain from Liberal Swing N/A

O'Loghlen's death caused a by-election.

By-election, 13 Aug 1877: Clare[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Home Rule Bryan O'Loghlen 1,721 47.2 −34.9
Home Rule James Patrick Mahon 1,149 31.5 N/A
Conservative Robert William Cary Reeves 764 20.9 +2.9
Liberal-Conservative Francis Nathaniel Burton 15 0.4 N/A
Majority 572 15.7 −3.5
Turnout 3,649 67.2 −7.3
Registered electors 5,427
Home Rule hold Swing −18.9
  • O'Loghlen was a Liberal home rule supporter, while The O'Gorman Mahon was a Nationalist home rule supporter. Burton also supported home rule.[2]

O'Loghlen was declared to have resigned after accepting office as Attorney General of Victoria, Australia, causing a by-election.

By-election, 13 Aug 1879: Clare[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Home Rule James Patrick Mahon 1,661 41.5 −40.6
Conservative Hector Stewart Vandeleur 1,531 38.3 +20.3
Liberal Peter O'Brien 807 20.2 N/A
Majority 130 3.3 −15.9
Turnout 3,999 73.6 −0.9
Registered electors 5,430
Home Rule hold Swing −30.5

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

General Election 1880: Clare[1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Home Rule (Parnellite) James Patrick Mahon 3,283 44.8 −0.1
Home Rule (Parnellite) William O'Shea 3,133 42.8 +5.6
Conservative Hector Stewart Vandeleur 912 12.4 −5.6
Majority 2,221 30.3 +11.1
Turnout 4,195 (est) 74.3 (est) −0.2
Registered electors 5,643
Home Rule hold Swing +1.4
Home Rule hold Swing +2.8

There was a notorious riot at Sixmilebridge on polling day in 1852, in which soldiers shot dead seven protesters.

The Clare by-election in 1828 was notable as this was the first time since the reformation that an openly Roman Catholic MP, Daniel O'Connell was elected.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Walker, B.M., ed. (1978). Parliamentary Election Results in Ireland, 1801-1922. Dublin: Royal Irish Academy. ISBN 0901714127. 
  2. ^ "Clare Election". Newcastle Journal. 7 August 1877. p. 3. Retrieved 28 December 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive. (Subscription required (help)).