|Motto: "New Vision. Clear Opportunities."|
Location in the state of Oklahoma
|• Mayor||Bill Flanagan|
|• City||12.3 sq mi (31.8 km2)|
|• Land||12.0 sq mi (31.2 km2)|
|• Water||0.2 sq mi (0.6 km2)|
|Elevation||597 ft (182 m)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|ZIP codes||74017, 74018, 74019|
|GNIS feature ID||1091382|
Claremore is a city and the county seat of Rogers County, Oklahoma, United States. The population was 18,581 at the 2010 census, a 17.1 percent increase from 15,873 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Tulsa Metropolitan Area and home to Rogers State University. It is best known as the home of entertainer Will Rogers.
Around 1802, a band of Osage Indians settled in the area of present-day Claremore. The town's name came from an Osage chief called "Gra-moi." French traders in the area pronounced his name as "Clairmont," which means "mountain with a clear view." The Osage village was destroyed in 1817, during the Battle of Osage Mound. The area experienced some minor damage during the American Civil War, but quickly recovered after the end of the conflict.
After the Indian Removal Act of 1830 was passed by the United States, Claremore became part of Indian Territory and the Cherokee Nation. Claremore was a part of the Cooweescoowee District in the northwestern part of the Cherokee Nation. The Rogers family, for whom the county is named, was among the first settlers. Clem Rogers, father of the famous Will Rogers, who, along with his family, is buried at the Will Rogers Memorial, moved to the county in 1856. His ranch, known as Dog Iron Ranch eventually was more than 60,000 acres (240 km2), and his home, which still stands outside Oologah, is an important historical site.[a] Clem Rogers was a major advocate of Oklahoma statehood and was the oldest delegate to the state's Constitutional Convention in 1907 at age 69.
A post office was established on June 25, 1874. The coming of railways to Indian Territory was the driving factor in Claremore's early growth. Two early lines intersected in the center of town. The name of Claremore changed from Clermont to its present spelling on September 19, 1882. A clerk recording the town as having a post office spelled the name incorrectly, and it stuck. The city was incorporated in the Cherokee Nation on May 2, 1903.
Another major factor in the growth of Claremore was an area known as "Radium Town". In 1903, a man named George Eaton owned an oil company in Claremore. He had moved his family to Claremore area in 1874, where his principal businesses were farming and cattle raising. He subsequently branched into the mercantile business, real estate and oil exploration. He was drilling just to the east of Claremore and struck an underground pool of water that smelled of sulfur. A local doctor, Dr. W.G. Williams, tested the water and marketed it as a cure. The water, known as "Radium Water," contained no radium, but hydrogen sulfide and sulfur compounds that supposedly made it medically useful. Eaton then built a bath house and promoted this development as Radium Town.Bath houses sprang up all over this area of Claremore, but only one is still standing today. Radium Town was centered on 9th Street between Seminole and Dorothy in present-day Claremore.
Claremore's first hospital was established on Will Rogers Boulevard, or Oklahoma State Highway 20, in the early 1900s. Today it can be seen, with windows boarded up, just off the road. Claremore's newspaper, the Claremore Daily Progress, was established in 1893 by cowboy Joe Klein and is still published daily. It is the oldest business in Rogers County.
There are many historic homes and other buildings in Claremore, including the old business district. In 2002, Claremore's historic core received a rebuilding grant from the state's Oklahoma Main Street program. Renovation work on the downtown was completed in 2007.
The Rodgers and Hammerstein musical Oklahoma! is set in Claremore and the surrounding area, in 1906 (the year before Oklahoma became a State). The Quantum Leap (TV series) episode "8½ Months" is also set near Claremore. The movie Where the Heart Is starring Natalie Portman and Ashley Judd fictionally portrays Rogers County and the area surrounding Claremore.
Claremore is located at  According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 12.3 square miles (32 km2), of which, 12.0 square miles (31 km2) of it is land and 0.2 square miles (0.52 km2) of it (1.96%) is water.(36.315181, -95.612784).
The city is located in Green Country, a popular nickname for northeast Oklahoma that stems from the region's green vegetation and relatively high amount of hills and lakes compared to central and western areas of Oklahoma. Claremore lies near the Verdigris River with undulating terrain producing hills and valleys. The city's primary water sources are Claremore and Oologah Lake, both within the drainage basin of the Verdigris River.
|Climate data for Claremore, Oklahoma|
|Average high °F (°C)||44.8
|Average low °F (°C)||21.2
|Average precipitation inches (mm)||1.6
|Source #1: weather.com|
|Source #2: Weatherbase.com |
Claremore is a major intersection of heavily-traveled highways. Interstate 44 crosses the city to its southeast. State Highway 66 (historic US-66) forms one of the main roads of the town. The city is also intersected by State Highway 88 and State Highway 20.
Two railroads, the St. Louis, Iron Mountain, and Southern Railway (now controlled by Union Pacific) and the St. Louis-San Francisco Railway or "Frisco" (now controlled by BNSF), intersect in Claremore. The traffic problems spawned by the intersection of two major national rail lines has led to discussion among city officials about how best to improve traffic flow. As of 2007, the city plans to elevate the BNSF railroad throughout the entire town.
As of the census of 2000, there were 15,873 people, 6,283 households, and 4,165 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,319.4 people per square mile (509.4/km²). There were 6,784 housing units at an average density of 563.9 per square mile (217.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.69% White, 1.99% African American, 14.31% Native American, 0.44% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.12% from other races, and 6.42% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.02% of the population.
There were 6,283 households out of which 33.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.6% were married couples living together, 12.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.7% were non-families. 29.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.02.
In the city the population was spread out with 26.7% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 19.8% from 45 to 64, and 16.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 89.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.1 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $34,547, and the median income for a family was $45,810. Males had a median income of $36,227 versus $21,742 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,853. About 8.9% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.4% of those under the age of 18 and 15.0% of those 65 and older.
Claremore is home to the main campus of Rogers State University, a bachelor's and associate's degree-granting state institution. The university serves over 4,300 students, and is the only public four-year university in the Tulsa Metropolitan Area.
Claremore is also home to Northeast Technology Center, a vocational training campus which serves over 200 students and offers both full-time and short-term classes.
Public school districts serving Claremore are the Claremore Independent School District and Sequoyah Public Schools. CISD currently consists of Claremore High School, Will Rogers Junior High, Catalayah Elementary, Westside Elementary, Claremont Elementary, Stuart Roosa Elementary, and the Alternative Learning Center. Sequoyah Public Schools consists of Sequoyah High School, Sequoyah Junior High School, and Sequoyah Elementary School.
The first school in the Claremore area was opened to students in 1870. Claremore's first major high school was built in 1919 and was the most expensive public school building in the state of Oklahoma at the time. The building was used as a school for almost 80 years, until 1999, when the increasing costs of maintenance forced its closure.
Claremore's economy is diversified. Baker Hughes has a large presence in the town, along with several other large companies in Claremore Industrial Park, which is only a few miles away from the Tulsa Port of Catoosa on the McClellan–Kerr Arkansas River Navigation System (Verdigris River and Arkansas River). Coal mining is also an important industry; strip-style mines are currently operating on both the north and south sides of the town.
Claremore has a popular website called moreClaremore.com, which focuses on positive community journalism. It was launched in April 2013 and focuses on community events, local businesses, people, and schools. It also features the central community calendar for the area. The site has an average 40,000 visitors per month and has an active social media presence, with more than 22,000 followers on Facebook. Claremore's daily newspaper (and one of the oldest ongoing businesses in the county) is the Claremore Daily Progress, first published as a weekly in 1892 and as a daily in 1893.
- J. M. Davis Arms and Historical Museum
- Will Rogers Memorial
- Will Rogers Downs
- Oklahoma Military Academy Museum
- Lynn Riggs Memorial Museum
- The Historic Belvidere Mansion
National Register of Historic Places
- The Belvidere Mansion - the 1907 Victorian-style built by the Bayless family (John M and Mary Bayless) who moved to Indian Territory from Cassville, Missouri. Much of the trim and woodwork used in the mansion were brought from the 1904 World's Fair in St. Louis.
- Claremore Auto Dealership - now called "Claremore Tire," an old auto dealer in the central business district
- Eastern University Preparatory School - administration building of Rogers State University
- Mendenhall's Bath House - a historic building in "Radium Town"
- Maurice Meyer Barracks - a building on the campus of Rogers State University, contains OMA Museum
- Will Rogers Hotel - a hotel in downtown Claremore, now renovated for usage as apartments for senior citizens
- Levy Adcock, football player
- Brad Carson, former U.S. Congressman
- Patti Page, singer and entertainer
- Dave Rader, baseball player
- Lynn Riggs, playwright
- Will Rogers, entertainer, comedian, and actor
- Kywin Supernaw, NFL player
- Stuart Roosa, astronaut
- Helen Walton, philanthropist and wife of Wal-Mart founder Sam Walton
- Dog Iron Ranch was merged with the Will Rogers Memorial Library in 2016; both are now managed by the Oklahoma State Historical Society.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- MuniNet Guide:Claremore, Oklahoma
- Jon D. May, "Claremore Mound, Battle of," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture Accessed December 31, 2011.
- Maxine Bamburg, "Claremore," Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture. Retrieved December 31, 2011.
- "Will Rogers Memorial Commission Transferred To Oklahoma Historical Society." News on 6. March 7, 2016. Accessed April 9, 2016.
- Rhea, John M. "Rachel Caroline Eaton: The First Professional Indigenous Woman Historian." A Field of Their Own: Women and American Indian History, 1830–1941. University of Oklahoma Press. 2016. Partially available on Google Books. Accessed July 24, 2016.
- [Radium-Town-the-smell-of-success/print "Radium Town, the smell of success"], Claremore Daily Progress, March 22, 2008.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Clapman, Leah (2004-09-24). "Key Races: Oklahoma Senate". PBS. Retrieved 2007-04-30.
- "Historical Weather for Claremore, Oklahoma, United States".
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015". Retrieved July 2, 2016.
- "Population-Oklahoma" (PDF). U.S. Census 1910. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 22, 2013.
- "Population-Oklahoma" (PDF). 15th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 27, 2013.
- "Number of Inhabitants: Oklahoma" (PDF). 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 22, 2013.
- "Oklahoma: Population and Housing Unit Counts" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 22, 2013.
- "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
- "Claremore Campus". Northeast Technology Center. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
- "Claremore Public Schools". claremore.k12.ok.us. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
- "SEQUOYAH SCHOOLS". sequoyaheagles.net. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
- Bob Burke; Eric Dabney (2010). HISTORIC ROGERS COUNTY: An Illustrated History. HPN Books. p. 11. ISBN 978-1-935377-11-5.
- University of Tulsa Collins College of Business
- Lynn Riggs: An Oklahoma Treasure, Friends of Libraries in Oklahoma
- NASA Biographical Data
- Porter, Eduardo (April 21, 2007). "Helen Walton, Matriarch of Wal-Mart Family, Dies at 87". The New York Times. Retrieved December 27, 2010.
- "Russian group treated to Claremore hospitality while on Sister City trip", Claremore Daily Progress, October 30, 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Claremore, Oklahoma.|
- City of Claremore
- Claremore Chamber of Commerce
- Claremore Convention & Visitors Bureau
- Claremore information, photos and videos on TravelOK.com Official travel and tourism website for the State of Oklahoma
- Claremore, Oklahoma gallery at Wikimedia
- Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture - Claremore (City)