Clarence (carriage)

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A Clarence from the Royal Mews in London on the daily messenger run between Buckingham and St James's Palaces.

A clarence is a type of carriage that was popular in the early 19th century. It is a closed, four-wheeled horse-drawn vehicle with a projecting glass front and seats for four passengers inside. The driver sat at the front, outside the carriage. The clarence was named after Prince William, Duke of Clarence and St Andrews, later to become King William IV of England, who died in 1837.[1] It was introduced in 1840 in London.[citation needed] The Brougham was a lighter, two-passenger version originally commissioned by Lord Brougham.[2]

In time, second-hand clarences came to be used as hackney carriages, earning the nickname 'growler'[1] from the sound they made on London's cobbled streets.


  1. ^ a b Haajanen 2003, p. 41.
  2. ^ Haajanen 2003, pp. 24-25.


  • Haajanen, Lennart W. (2003). Illustrated Dictionary of Automobile Body Styles. Illustrations by Bertil Nydén; foreword by Karl Ludvigsen. Jefferson, NC USA: McFarland. ISBN 0-7864-1276-3. LCCN 2002014546.

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