Clarence Crafoord

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Clarence Crafoord
Clarence Crafoord.jpg
Clarence Crafoord
Born28 May 1899 (1899-05-28)
Hudiksvall, Sweden
Died25 Feb 1984 (1984-02-26)
NationalitySweden
Alma materKarolinska Institute
Known forrepair of aortic coarctation
AwardsGairdner Foundation International Award (1962)
Scientific career
Fieldssurgery

Clarence Crafoord (1899 – 1984) was a Swedish cardiovascular surgeon, best known for performing the first successful repair of aortic coarctation on 19 October 1944, one year before Robert E. Gross.

Crafoord also introduced heparin as thrombosis prophylaxis in the 1930s and he pioneered mechanical positive-pressure ventilation during thoracic operations in the 1940s.

Crafoord was professor of thoracic surgery at Karolinska Institutet from 1948 to 1966.

References[edit]

  • Kvitting, John-Peder Escobar; Olin Christian L (Jan 2009). "Clarence Crafoord: a giant in cardiothoracic surgery, the first to repair aortic coarctation". Ann. Thorac. Surg. Netherlands. 87 (1): 342–6. doi:10.1016/j.athoracsur.2008.08.072. PMID 19101336.
  • Werkö, L (Jun 1999). "[Clarence Crafoord was very interested in cooperation with colleagues working in other specialties]". Lakartidningen. Sweden. 96 (26–27): 3154. ISSN 0023-7205. PMID 10423971.
  • Crafoord, J; Olin C (May 1999). "[Clarence Crafoord--one of the great pioneer surgeons of the century]". Lakartidningen. Sweden. 96 (21): 2627–32, 2634–7. ISSN 0023-7205. PMID 10388287.
  • Chitwood, W R (Nov 1992). "Clarence Crafoord and the first successful resection of a cardiac myxoma". Ann. Thorac. Surg. UNITED STATES. 54 (5): 997–8. doi:10.1016/0003-4975(92)90676-U. ISSN 0003-4975. PMID 1417305.
  • BREA, M M (Dec 1958). "[Notes on the visit of Professor C. Crafoord.]". El Día médico. 30 (95): 3283 passim. ISSN 0012-1762. PMID 13630161.
  • CARVALHAO, H M (May 1951). "[Prof. Clarence Crafoord at Coimbra.]". Jornal do médico. 17 (433): 804–7. ISSN 0021-7573. PMID 14907241.
  • BERNHOLM, B (Oct 1950). "[Recollections of the surgeon Crafoord.]". Imprensa médica. 26 (442): 92–5. PMID 14813796.