Clarence Garlow

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Clarence Garlow
Birth name Clarence Joseph Garlow
Also known as Clarence "Bon Ton" Garlow
Born (1911-02-27)February 27, 1911
Welsh, Jefferson Davis Parish, Louisiana, United States
Died July 24, 1986(1986-07-24) (aged 75)
Beaumont, Texas, United States
Genres Rhythm and blues, jump blues, Texas blues, cajun[1]
Occupation(s) Guitarist, singer, songwriter
Instruments Guitar, accordion, vocals
Years active Late 1940s–early 1960s (music)
Labels Various including Aladdin and Flair

Clarence Garlow (February 27, 1911 – July 24, 1986)[1] was an American R&B, jump blues, Texas blues and cajun guitarist, singer and songwriter. He is best known for his recording of the song "Bon Ton Roula", which was a hit single on the US Billboard R&B chart in 1950. One commentator noted the track as, "a rhythm and blues laced-zydeco song that helped introduce the Louisiana music form to a national audience."[2]

Biography[edit]

He was born Clarence Joseph Garlow in Welsh, Jefferson Davis Parish, Louisiana, United States, although he relocated to Beaumont, Texas with his family whilst still a child.[3][4] After learning the rudiments of fiddle playing as a youngster, in his teenage years Garlow learned to play both the guitar and accordion.[4][5] His guitar playing was influenced by T-Bone Walker.[6] Initially working in several factories, Garlow first recorded for the small record label, Macy's in Houston, Texas, in 1949.[4] His debut release was "She's So Fine" b/w "Blues As You Like It", issued in January 1950.[4]

For the follow-up, Garlow recorded his own song "Bon Ton Roula", as a sixteen-bar blues with "an insistent, swirling rhumba rhythm".[7] "The song featured some of the same kind of broken Cajun-isms as Hank Williams's "Jambalaya".[8] It became a hit in 1950, reaching #7 in the US Billboard R&B chart.[9] The success of the single led to Garlow touring Texas and Louisiana. Feature Records then released another version of his hit titled "New Bon Ton Roula". Lyric Records issued two further singles in 1951, but none charted. The following year, Garlow opened the Bon Ton Drive-In in Beaumont. Relocating to Los Angeles, California, Garlow recorded his third version of "Bon Ton Roula", which was issued by Aladdin Records as "New Bon-Ton Roulay" in April 1953.[4][10]

Flair Records provided the outlet for "Crawfishin'" b/w "Route 90" in November 1953, where he was billed on the label as "Bon Ton" Garlow.[4]

Garlow returned to Beaumont in late 1954, and toured with Clifton Chenier, billed as the 'Two Crazy Frenchmen'.[3] Garlow also undertook further recordings and had records released by Feature, Folk Star, and Goldband Records over the next few years. None had success outside of his local area, and Garlow was by then working as a DJ for the Beaumont based radio station, KJET, where he remained regularly fronting his "Bon Ton Show" until 1961. By this stage Garlow had ceased performing and recording, although his radio work, both in Beaumont and later in Orange, Texas, continued until the early 1970s.[4] He supplemented his income by working as a mailman.[6] Garlow played infrequently on a local basis in the early 1980s, and appeared at the 1984 San Francisco Blues Festival.

Garlow died in July 1986 in Beaumont, aged 75.[4]

His music has appeared on various compilation albums over the years.[10][11] Amongst others, Garlow's songs have been covered by Lonnie Brooks ("Bon Ton Roulet" on Lone Star Shootout) Johnny Winter ("Route 90" on Serious Business), Gary Primich ("Route 90" on Mr. Freeze) and Marcia Ball ("Crawfishin'" on Let Me Play With Your Poodle).[12]

Discography[edit]

Compilation albums[edit]

Year Title Record label
1982 Clarence Garlow: 1951-1958 Flyright Records (UK)
2003 Clarence Garlow La Cienega Lacga (ESP)

[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Clarence Garlow". Allmusic. Retrieved December 9, 2011. 
  2. ^ Santelli, Robert (2001). The Big Book of Blues: a biographical encyclopedia (1st ed.). London, England: Penguin Books. p. 177. ISBN 0-14-100145-3. 
  3. ^ a b "Clarence Garlow". Yee.ch. Retrieved December 9, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h J.C. Marion (2006). ""Bon Ton" - Clarence Garlow". Home.earthlink.net. Retrieved December 9, 2011. 
  5. ^ Clayton, Lawrence (2003). The Roots of Texas Music (1st ed.). College Station, Texas, United States: Texas A&M University Press. p. 207. ISBN 1-58544-221-6. 
  6. ^ a b "Clarence Garlow". Centrohd.com. Retrieved December 9, 2011. 
  7. ^ Sandmel, Ben; Oliver, Rick (1999). Zydeco!. University Press of Mississippi. p. 42. ISBN 978-1-57806-116-7. 
  8. ^ Vera, Billy (1996). Louisiana Swamp Blues – liner notes. Capitol Records CDP 7243. p. 8. 
  9. ^ Whitburn, Joel (1988). Top R&B Singles 1942-1988. Record Research, Inc. p. 164. ISBN 0-89820-068-7. 
  10. ^ a b "Clarence "Bon Ton" Garlow". Rateyourmusic.com. Retrieved December 9, 2011. 
  11. ^ "Clarence Garlow". Discogs.com. Retrieved December 9, 2011. 
  12. ^ "Clarence Garlow > Songs > Songs Composed By". Allmusic. Retrieved December 9, 2011. 
  13. ^ "Clarence Garlow biography". Kingbiscuitblues.com. Retrieved December 9, 2011. 

External links[edit]