Clarence Ray Carpenter
|Clarence Ray Carpenter|
November 28, 1905|
Lincoln County, North Carolina
March 1, 1975|
|Alma mater||B.S. and M.S. Duke University. PhD. Stanford University.|
|Known for||Cayo Santiago Rhesus Colony.
Film & video of primate behavior.
|Spouse(s)||Ruth Jones Carpenter (1966-1975, his death)|
|Institutions||New Haven Medical School, Yale University. Bard College, Columbia University. College of Physicians and Surgeons, School of Tropical Medicine, Puerto Rico. Yerkes Primate Center, University of Georgia. Pennsylvania State University.|
|Doctoral advisor||Robert M. Yerkes|
Clarence Ray Carpenter (usually credited as C. R. Carpenter) (November 28, 1905 – March 1, 1975) was an American primatologist who was one of the first scientific investigators to film and videotape the behavior of primates in their natural environments.
Born in Cherryville in Lincoln County, North Carolina, Carpenter earned his Bachelor of Science (1928) and Master of Science (1929) degrees at Duke University and his Doctor of Philosophy (1932) degree at Stanford University.
From 1931 to 1934, Carpenter conducted field research on the natural behavior of primates under the sponsorship of Yale University professor Robert M. Yerkes. According to Irven DeVore, "for the succeeding thirty years almost all of the accurate information available on the behavior of monkeys and apes living in natural environments was the result of Carpenter's research and writing." Carpenter's lar gibbon, Hylobates lar carpenteri, is named in his honor.
- Behavioral Regulators of Behavior in Primates. C. R. Carpenter, ed. Lewisburg, Pennsylvania: Bucknell University Press, 1974. Hardcover: ISBN 0-8387-1099-9, ISBN 978-0-8387-1099-9.
- "Behavior and Social Relations of the Howling Monkey," Comparative Psychology Monographs, Johns Hopkins University, May, 1934.
- "Field Study in Siam of the Behavior and social Relations of the Gibbon," Comparative Psychology Monographs, Johns Hopkins University, December, 1940.
- "Societies of Monkeys and Apes," Biological Symposia, v. 8, 1942.
- "Evolutionary interpretation of human behavior," Transactions of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1942.
- "Social Behavior of the Primates," Colloques internationaux du Centre national de la recherche scientifique, v. 34, March, 1950.
- Pennsylvania State University Special Collections Library: Biographical Note, Clarence Ray Carpenter papers, 1918-1976, PSUA 149, http://www.libraries.psu.edu/findingaids/149.htm, accessed 17 Nov 2013
- Groves, Colin P. 1968. A new subspecies of white-handed gibbon from northern Thailand, Hylobates lar carpenteri new subspecies. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 81:625-628; 628. URL: https://archive.org/details/biostor-82270, accessed 8 Jan 2018.
- Biographical sketch at Primate Info Net.
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