Clarias cavernicola

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Golden cave catfish
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Siluriformes
Family: Clariidae
Genus: Clarias
Species: C. cavernicola
Binomial name
Clarias cavernicola
Trewavas, 1936

The golden cave catfish (Clarias cavernicola)[2] is a critically endangered species of airbreathing catfish.[3] This cavefish is only known to live in the Aigamas cave, Otjozondjupa region, Namibia.[4][5] They lack pigmentation and are up to 16.1 cm (6.3 inches) in standard length.[5] They have very small eyes that are covered with skin, and are probably effectively blind.[5] They feed on detritus and invertebrates that fall into the lake in which they live. The population is estimated at 200–400 individuals.[6] Little is known about its reproduction, and attempts to breed it in captivity have failed.[citation needed] The population is threatened by chance events and water extraction from the cave lake, which has resulted in a drop of the water level.[3]

It is the only known cavefish in mainland Southern Africa.[7]

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References[edit]

  1. ^ Bills, R. (2007). "Clarias cavernicola". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2007: e.T63363A12662977. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2007.RLTS.T63363A12662977.en. Retrieved 9 November 2017. 
  2. ^ "Clarias cavernicola". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 24 January 2006. 
  3. ^ a b Skelton (1996). "Clarias cavernicola". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2006. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 11 May 2006.  Listed as Critically Endangered (CR B1+2c, E v2.3)
  4. ^ Cave catfish (Clarias cavernicola) at ARKive. Images of Life on Earth
  5. ^ a b c Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2011). "Clarias cavernicola" in FishBase. December 2011 version.
  6. ^ Bruton, M. N. (1995). "Threatened fishes of the world:Clarias cavernicola Trewavas, 1936 (Clariidae)". Environmental Biology of Fishes. 43 (2): 162–162. doi:10.1007/BF00002486. 
  7. ^ Aldemaro, R., editor (2001). The Biology of Hypogean Fishes. Developments in Environmental Biology of Fishes. ISBN 978-1402000768