Clarinet Marmalade

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
1918 release by the ODJB on Victor as the B side to "Mournin' Blues", 18513-B.

Clarinet Marmalade, later Clarinet Marmalade Blues,[1] is a 1918 dixieland jazz standard composed by Larry Shields and Henry Ragas of the Original Dixieland Jass Band.[2] It is played in the key of F major.[3] It was recorded by Fletcher Henderson in 1926 and Frankie Trumbauer in 1927.

Original recording[edit]

The original Victor 1918 recording by the Original Dixieland Jass Band is described as a "small-combo ensemble piece with strong links to the march tradition".[3] It was dominated by Larry Shields's solo on clarinet, accompanied by Henry Ragas.[4] "Clarinet Marmalade" was one of the landmark compositions of early jazz and was a very popular jazz standard in the 1920s; the Original Dixieland Jass Band's sound was widely emulated during this period.[5] In 1919, the song became a staple of the touring James Reese Europe band.[3]

The 1918 release on Victor, recorded on July 17, 1918 in New York, was the B side to "Mournin' Blues", 18513-B. The songwriting credit on the original 1918 ODJB release lists Larry Shields and Henry Ragas as the composers.

Fletcher Henderson and Frankie Trumbauer recordings[edit]

Fletcher Henderson's 1926 recording increased the popularity of the song. He is credited with "transforming it into a vehicle for hot soloists and ensemble riffs, including a new introduction and the steamlining omission of several transitional passages."[3] Henderson's version of "Clarinet Marmalade" was an inspiration for several standards of the period such as "Sugar Foot Stomp" and "King Porter Stomp". It was recorded in the 1927-1929 period by musicians such as Berlyn Baylor, Ted Lewis, Phil Napoleon, Lud Gluskin and Bill Carlsen.[3]

Frankie Trumbauer and his orchestra, featuring Bix Beiderbecke, first recorded a version of the song in February 1927 to much success.[2][3] Richard Hadlock has cited Trumbauer's "Clarinet Marmalade" as "a triumph in terms of logical overall structure, melodic symmetry and rhythmic drive, a most extraordinary jazz recording" and opines that Beiderbecke's palette of color through his use of ninths, elevenths and thirteenths and substitution of scales for arpeggios was "about three decades ahead of 1927".[6] Henderson in turn re-recorded "Clarinet Marmalade" in March 1931, inspired in part by Trumbauer's take on the song, but with the restoration of the original introduction.[3] Bill Challis's recording represented a "medium" between the different versions, and he also transcribed the piece.[3]

Compilation album[edit]

A compilation album of the same name was released in 1994 featuring "25 Great Jazz Clarinetists" such as Benny Goodman, Johnny Doods, Artie Shaw, Sidney Bechet, Pee Wee Russell, Woody Herman and others.[7]

Other Recordings[edit]

"Clarinet Marmalade" is one of the most covered jazz songs of the twentieth century. Louis Armstrong, Bix Beiderbecke, Sydney Bechet, Benny Goodman and his Orchestra, Jelly Roll Morton and his Red Hot Peppers have recorded the song. Fats Waller released his version of "Clarinet Marmalade" as an RCA Bluebird 78, B-11469-B. The New Orleans Rhythm Kings released the song as a 78 single as Temple 520. Nick LaRocca and the Original Dixieland Band released a version in 1936. Bunk Johnson, Sid Phillips, Irving Fazola and his Orchestra, Bud Jacobson, Harry Roy, Joe Daniels and His Hot Shots, Milton Mezz Mezzrow, Len Barnard and His South City Stompers, and Wild Bill Davison also recorded the song.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Sudhalter, Richard M. (4 April 2002). Stardust Melody : The Life and Music of Hoagy Carmichael: The Life and Music of Hoagy Carmichael. Oxford University Press. p. 40. ISBN 978-0-19-803005-8. 
  2. ^ a b Burke, Patrick Lawrence (2003). "Come in and Hear the Truth": Jazz, Race, and Authenticity on Manhattan's 52nd Street, 1930-1950. University of Wisconsin--Madison. pp. 230, 350. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h University, Jeffrey Magee Associate Professor of Musicology Indiana (23 November 2004). The Uncrowned King of Swing : Fletcher Henderson and Big Band Jazz: Fletcher Henderson and Big Band Jazz. Oxford University Press. pp. 156–7. ISBN 978-0-19-535814-8. 
  4. ^ Brooks, Tim; Spottswood, Richard Keith (2004). Lost Sounds: Blacks and the Birth of the Recording Industry, 1890-1919. University of Illinois Press. p. 286. ISBN 978-0-252-02850-2. 
  5. ^ Shipton, Alyn (21 February 2002). Jazz Makers: Vanguards of Sound. Oxford University Press. p. 41. ISBN 978-0-19-512689-1. 
  6. ^ Shaw, Arnold (1989). The Jazz Age: Popular Music in the 1920's. Oxford University Press. p. 38. ISBN 978-0-19-506082-9. 
  7. ^ "Review by Heather Phares". AllMusic. Retrieved 4 December 2013. 

External links[edit]