Clark, New Jersey

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Clark Circle)
Jump to: navigation, search
Clark, New Jersey
Township
Township of Clark
Motto: Growth, Industry, History[1]
Map of Clark Township in Union County. Inset: Location of Union County in New Jersey.
Map of Clark Township in Union County. Inset: Location of Union County in New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Clark, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Clark, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°37′06″N 74°18′57″W / 40.61845°N 74.315957°W / 40.61845; -74.315957Coordinates: 40°37′06″N 74°18′57″W / 40.61845°N 74.315957°W / 40.61845; -74.315957[2][3]
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Union
Incorporated March 23, 1864
Government[6]
 • Type Faulkner Act Mayor-Council
 • Body Township Council
 • Mayor Salvatore F. "Sal" Bonaccorso (term ends December 31, 2016)[4]
 • Administrator John Laezza[5]
 • Clerk Edie Merkel[5]
Area[2]
 • Total 4.494 sq mi (11.640 km2)
 • Land 4.301 sq mi (11.141 km2)
 • Water 0.193 sq mi (0.499 km2)  4.29%
Area rank 284th of 566 in state
11th of 21 in county[2]
Elevation[7] 39 ft (12 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10][11]
 • Total 14,756
 • Estimate (2014)[12] 15,460
 • Rank 170th of 566 in state
13th of 21 in county[13]
 • Density 3,430.5/sq mi (1,324.5/km2)
 • Density rank 188th of 566 in state
16th of 21 in county[13]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07066[14]
Area code(s) 732/848[15]
FIPS code 3403913150[2][16][17]
GNIS feature ID 0882216[18]
Website www.ourclark.com

Clark is a township in southern Union County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 14,756[9][10][11] reflecting an increase of 159 (+1.1%) from the 14,597 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn declined by 32 (-0.2%) from the 14,629 counted in the 1990 Census.[19]

History[edit]

Robinson Plantation House

The territory that would become Clark was originally a part of several of the early villages, the Robinson Plantation House[20][21] and The Squire Hartshorne House, buildings from the late 17th century[22] are remnants of the era. The Homestead Farm at Oak Ridge was the site of a skirmish preceding the Battle of Short Hills.[23] In 1858, after the City of Rahway was incorporated the area of present-day Clark was designated as the 5th Ward of Rahway. Clark was incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on March 23, 1864, from portions of Rahway.[24] The township was named for Abraham Clark, a signer of the Declaration of Independence. Portions of the township were taken to form Cranford Township (March 14, 1871) and Winfield Township (August 6, 1941).[24]

New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Clark as its 33rd best place to live in its 2008 rankings of the "Best Places To Live" in New Jersey.[25] In 2013, New Jersey Monthly magazine ranked Clark as 174th in its rankings of "Best Places To Live" in New Jersey.[26]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the township had a total area of 4.494 square miles (11.640 km2), including 4.301 square miles (11.141 km2) of land and 0.193 square miles (0.499 km2) of water (4.29%).[2][3]

Unincorporated communities, localities and place names located partially or completely within the township include Ashbrook, Florence Mills, Lenox, Madison Hill and Picton.[27]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870 331
1880 353 6.6%
1890 367 4.0%
1900 374 1.9%
1910 469 25.4%
1920 794 69.3%
1930 1,474 85.6%
1940 2,083 41.3%
1950 4,352 108.9%
1960 12,195 180.2%
1970 18,829 54.4%
1980 16,699 −11.3%
1990 14,629 −12.4%
2000 14,597 −0.2%
2010 14,756 1.1%
Est. 2014 15,460 [12][28] 4.8%
Population sources:
1870-1920[29] 1870[30][31]
1880-1890[32] 1890-1910[33] 1910-1930[34]
1930-1990[35] 2000[36][37] 2010[9][10][11]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 14,756 people, 5,562 households, and 4,038 families residing in the township. The population density was 3,430.5 per square mile (1,324.5/km2). There were 5,751 housing units at an average density of 1,337.0 per square mile (516.2/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 93.29% (13,766) White, 0.84% (124) Black or African American, 0.10% (15) Native American, 3.71% (547) Asian, 0.03% (5) Pacific Islander, 1.15% (169) from other races, and 0.88% (130) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 7.50% (1,107) of the population.[9]

There were 5,562 households, of which 30.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.4% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.4% were non-families. 24.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.63 and the average family size was 3.15.[9]

In the township, 21.2% of the population were under the age of 18, 7.1% from 18 to 24, 23.6% from 25 to 44, 29.6% from 45 to 64, and 18.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43.8 years. For every 100 females there were 92.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.8 males.[9]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $80,959 (with a margin of error of +/- $7,674) and the median family income was $99,839 (+/- $7,789). Males had a median income of $65,399 (+/- $3,444) versus $49,649 (+/- $3,780) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $37,288 (+/- $2,811). About 2.3% of families and 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.3% of those under age 18 and 6.4% of those age 65 or over.[38]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[16] there were 14,597 people, 5,637 households, and 4,126 families residing in the township. The population density was 3,359.6 people per square mile (1,298.6/km2). There were 5,709 housing units at an average density of 1,314.0 per square mile (507.9/km2). The racial makeup of the township was 95.61% White, 0.30% African American, 0.01% Native American, 2.75% Asian, 0.63% from other races, and 0.69% from two or more races. Also Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.67% of the population.[36][37]

There were 5,637 households out of which 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.4% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.8% were non-families. 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.56 and the average family size was 3.07.[36][37]

In the township the population was spread out with 20.8% under the age of 18, 5.4% from 18 to 24, 27.6% from 25 to 44, 24.5% from 45 to 64, and 21.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 90.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.4 males.[36][37]

The median income for a household in the township was $65,019, and the median income for a family was $77,291. Males had a median income of $54,543 versus $36,361 for females. The per capita income for the township was $29,883. About 1.0% of families and 1.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.0% of those under age 18 and 2.7% of those age 65 or over.[36][37]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Clark Township is governed within the Faulkner Act, formally known as the Optional Municipal Charter Law, under the Mayor-Council system of municipal government. The Clark Township Committee consists of seven members, with three elected at-large from the township as a whole and four elected from wards. Four seats come up for election every two years on an alternating basis, with the three Council-at-large seats and Mayor coming up to vote, and then the four ward seats, all elected to four-year terms of office.[6][39]

As of 2015, the Mayor of Clark is Republican Salvatore F. "Sal" Bonaccorso, whose term of office ends December 31, 2016. Members of the Township Council are Council President Bill Smith (at-large; R, 2016), Council Vice President Steven M. Hund (Third Ward; R, 2018), Angel Albanese (at-large; R, 2016), Alvin Barr (at-large; R, 2016), Frank Mazzarella (First Ward; R, 2018), Patrick O'Connor (Second Ward; R, 2018) and Brian P. Toal (Fourth Ward; R, 2018).[5][40][41][42][43][44]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Clark is located in the 7th Congressional District[45] and is part of New Jersey's 22nd state legislative district.[10][46][47]

New Jersey's Seventh Congressional District is represented by Leonard Lance (R, Clinton Township).[48] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark, term ends 2021)[49] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus, 2019).[50][51]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 22nd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Nicholas Scutari (D, Linden) and in the General Assembly by Jerry Green (D, Plainfield) and Linda Stender (D, Scotch Plains).[52][53] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[54] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[55]

Union County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose nine members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis with three seats coming up for election each year, with an appointed County Manager overseeing the day-to-day operations of the county. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects a Chairman and Vice Chairman from among its members.[56] As of 2014, Union County's Freeholders are Chairman Christopher Hudak (D, Linden, term ends December 31, 2014),[57] Vice Chairman Mohamed S. Jalloh (D, Roselle, 2015),[58] Bruce Bergen (D, Springfield Township, 2015),[59] Linda Carter (D, Plainfield, 2016),[60] Angel G. Estrada (D, Elizabeth, 2014),[61] Sergio Granados (D, Elizabeth, 2016)[62] Bette Jane Kowalski (D, Cranford, 2016),[63] Alexander Mirabella (D, Fanwood, 2015)[64] and Vernell Wright (D, Union, 2014).[65][66] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Joanne Rajoppi (D, Union, 2015),[67] Sheriff Ralph Froehlich (D, Union, 2016)[68] and Surrogate James S. LaCorte (D, Springfield Township, 2014).[69][70] The County Manager is Alfred Faella.[71]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 10,190 registered voters in Clark Township, of which 2,841 (27.9% vs. 41.8% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 2,311 (22.7% vs. 15.3%) were registered as Republicans and 5,036 (49.4% vs. 42.9%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 2 voters registered to other parties.[72] Among the township's 2010 Census population, 69.1% (vs. 53.3% in Union County) were registered to vote, including 87.6% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 70.6% countywide).[72][73]

In the 2012 presidential election, Republican Mitt Romney received 4,538 votes (58.6% vs. 32.3% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 3,041 votes (39.3% vs. 66.0%) and other candidates with 97 votes (1.3% vs. 0.8%), among the 7,741 ballots cast by the township's 10,614 registered voters, for a turnout of 72.9% (vs. 68.8% in Union County).[74][75] In the 2008 presidential election, Republican John McCain received 5,093 votes (61.5% vs. 35.2% countywide), ahead of Democrat Barack Obama with 3,038 votes (36.7% vs. 63.1%) and other candidates with 85 votes (1.0% vs. 0.9%), among the 8,276 ballots cast by the township's 10,550 registered voters, for a turnout of 78.4% (vs. 74.7% in Union County).[76] In the 2004 presidential election, Republican George W. Bush received 4,819 votes (58.7% vs. 40.3% countywide), ahead of Democrat John Kerry with 3,237 votes (39.4% vs. 58.3%) and other candidates with 80 votes (1.0% vs. 0.7%), among the 8,209 ballots cast by the township's 10,493 registered voters, for a turnout of 78.2% (vs. 72.3% in the whole county).[77]

In the 2013 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 67.4% of the vote (3,016 cast), ahead of Democrat Barbara Buono with 31.3% (1,402 votes), and other candidates with 1.3% (60 votes), among the 4,549 ballots cast by the township's 10,438 registered voters (71 ballots were spoiled), for a turnout of 43.6%.[78][79] In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 3,375 votes (63.4% vs. 41.7% countywide), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 1,500 votes (28.2% vs. 50.6%), Independent Chris Daggett with 365 votes (6.9% vs. 5.9%) and other candidates with 40 votes (0.8% vs. 0.8%), among the 5,327 ballots cast by the township's 10,302 registered voters, yielding a 51.7% turnout (vs. 46.5% in the county).[80]

Education[edit]

The Clark Public School District serves students in Kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's four schools had an enrollment of 2,306 students and 192.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.01:1.[81] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[82]) are

Mother Seton Regional High School is an all-girls, private, Roman Catholic high school, operated under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark.[90]

The Clark Scholarship Fund is a not-for-profit organization that has provided need-based scholarships to college-bound Clark residents since 1955, funded entirely by contributions from individuals and businesses.[91]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

As of May 2010, the township had a total of 58.95 miles (94.87 km) of roadways, of which 48.34 miles (77.80 km) were maintained by the municipality, 8.03 miles (12.92 km) by Union County and 2.58 miles (4.15 km) by the New Jersey Turnpike Authority.[92]

The Clark Circle connects Central Avenue, Brant Avenue, Valley Road, and the Garden State Parkway via Exit 135. The New Jersey Turnpike Authority redesigned the circle as part of a project that ran from 2007 to 2009 under which the movements at the circle are now controlled by traffic lights.[93] Interchange 135 on the Parkway is signed for Clark / Westfield.[94]

Public transportation[edit]

The Lehigh Valley Railroad served the town with a passenger station in the Picton section.[95] The rail line remains active under Conrail's auspices. A spur line, the Bloodgood Branch, still serves one customer.

New Jersey Transit provides bus service to New York City and points in-between. The 112 route provides service to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan.[96]

Newark Liberty International Airport is approximately 11 miles (18 km) from Clark.

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Clark include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "125th anniversary, Township of Clark, N.J., 1864-1989:growth, industry, history : let us celebrate, September 16 & 17, 1989", Township of Clark's 125th Anniversary Committee, 1989. Accessed July 11, 2011.
  2. ^ a b c d e 2010 Census Gazetteer Files: New Jersey County Subdivisions, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  3. ^ a b US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  4. ^ 2014 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs, as of December 15, 2014. Accessed January 15, 2015. As of date accessed, Bonaccorso is incorrectly listed with a term-end year of 2014.
  5. ^ a b c Mayor & Council, Clark Township. June 26, 2015.
  6. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 98.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Clark, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 5, 2013.
  8. ^ Census 2010: Union County, Asbury Park Press. Accessed June 23, 2011.
  9. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Clark township, Union County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 12, 2012.
  10. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 9. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  11. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Clark township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed September 12, 2012.
  12. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014 - 2014 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  13. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed December 11, 2012.
  14. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code, United States Postal Service. Accessed September 18, 2011.
  15. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Clark, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed January 15, 2015.
  16. ^ a b American FactFinder, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  17. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed November 26, 2012.
  18. ^ US Board on Geographic Names, United States Geological Survey. Accessed September 4, 2014.
  19. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed September 12, 2012.
  20. ^ Home page, Dr. Wm. Robinson Plantation & Museum. Accessed August 18, 2014.
  21. ^ Robinson Plantation House, New Jersey Art and Architecture, Stockton University. Accessed August 18, 2014.
  22. ^ Clark, New Jersey homes, OldHouses.com. Accessed July 11, 2011.
  23. ^ DiIonno, Mark, A Guide to New Jersey's Revolutionary War Trail for Families & History Buffs, Rutgers University Press, ISBN 0-8135-2769-4 
  24. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 237. Accessed September 12, 2012.
  25. ^ "Best Places To Live - The Complete Top Towns List 1-100", New Jersey Monthly, February 21, 2008. Accessed February 24, 2008.
  26. ^ "Best Place To Live - The complete 2013 Top Towns List", New Jersey Monthly, August 16, 2013. Accessed March 3, 2014.
  27. ^ Locality Search, State of New Jersey. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  28. ^ Census Estimates for New Jersey April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 21, 2015.
  29. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905 : together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed May 5, 2013.
  30. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 281, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed May 5, 2013. "Clark township contained in 1870, 331 inhabitants. It was formed from the city of Rahway in 1864."
  31. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 261. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed May 5, 2013.
  32. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 99. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed May 5, 2013.
  33. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 339. Accessed May 5, 2013.
  34. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 719. Accessed May 5, 2013.
  35. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 5, 2013.
  36. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Clark township, Union County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 12, 2012.
  37. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Clark township, Union County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 12, 2012.
  38. ^ DP03: Selected Economic Characteristics from the 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates for Clark township, Union County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 12, 2012.
  39. ^ Form of Government, Clark Township. Accessed April 15, 2011.
  40. ^ 2015 Municipal User Friendly Budget, Clark Township. Accessed June 26, 2015.
  41. ^ Union County General Election November 4, 2014, Union County, New Jersey Clerk, updated January 7, 2015. Accessed June 26, 2015.
  42. ^ Union Co 2012 General/School Election November 6, 2012, Union County, New Jersey Clerk. Accessed May 5, 2013.
  43. ^ Remo, Jessica. "Clark Reorganization Meeting: On New Year's Day, the Clark town council met to swear in reelected council members, elect a council president and vice president, and announce appointments for 2011.", Clark Patch, January 18, 2011. Accessed April 15, 2011. "State Senator Nicholas Scutari was on hand to swear in the four reelected councilmen: Frank Mazzarella (R-First Ward), Patrick O’Connor (R-Second Ward), Richard Kazanowski (D-Third Ward) and Brian Toal (R- Fourth Ward)."
  44. ^ Haydon, Tom; and Lannan, Katie. "Union County election results 2014", NJ Advance Media for NJ.com, November 4, 2014. Accessed January 15, 2015.
  45. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  46. ^ 2014 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 56, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed May 22, 2015.
  47. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  48. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  49. ^ About Cory Booker, United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "He now owns a home and lives in Newark's Central Ward community."
  50. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate, January 26, 2015. "He currently lives in Paramus and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
  51. ^ Senators of the 114th Congress from New Jersey. United States Senate. Accessed January 26, 2015. "Booker, Cory A. - (D - NJ) Class II; Menendez, Robert - (D - NJ) Class I"
  52. ^ Legislative Roster 2014-2015 Session, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 6, 2014.
  53. ^ District 22 Legislators, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 6, 2014.
  54. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  55. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  56. ^ County Government, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
  57. ^ Freeholder Christopher Hudak, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
  58. ^ Freeholder Mohamed S. Jalloh, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
  59. ^ Bruce Bergen, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
  60. ^ Freeholder Vice Chairman Linda Carter, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
  61. ^ Freeholder Angel G. Estrada, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
  62. ^ Freeholder Sergio Granados, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
  63. ^ Freeholder Bette Jane Kowalski, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
  64. ^ Freeholder Alexander Mirabella, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
  65. ^ Freeholder Vernell Wright, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
  66. ^ Board of Chosen Freeholders, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
  67. ^ Union County Clerk, Joanne Rajoppi, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
  68. ^ Union County Sheriff Ralph Froehlich, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
  69. ^ Surrogate, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
  70. ^ Elected Officials – Clerk – Sheriff – Surrogate, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
  71. ^ County Manager, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
  72. ^ a b Voter Registration Summary - Union, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 23, 2011. Accessed May 5, 2013.
  73. ^ GCT-P7: Selected Age Groups: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision; 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 5, 2013.
  74. ^ Presidential November 6, 2012 General Election Results - Union County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 15, 2013. Accessed May 5, 2013.
  75. ^ Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast November 6, 2012 General Election Results - Union County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, March 15, 2013. Accessed May 5, 2013.
  76. ^ 2008 Presidential General Election Results: Union County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 23, 2008. Accessed May 5, 2013.
  77. ^ 2004 Presidential Election: Union County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 13, 2004. Accessed May 5, 2013.
  78. ^ "Governor - Union County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014. 
  79. ^ "Number of Registered Voters and Ballots Cast - November 5, 2013 - General Election Results - Union County" (PDF). New Jersey Department of Elections. January 29, 2014. Retrieved December 24, 2014. 
  80. ^ 2009 Governor: Union County, New Jersey Department of State Division of Elections, December 31, 2009. Accessed May 5, 2013.
  81. ^ District information for Clark Township School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed August 18, 2014.
  82. ^ School Data for the Clark Public School District, National Center for Education Statistics. Accessed August 18, 2014.
  83. ^ Frank K. Hehnly Elementary School, Clark Public School District. Accessed August 18, 2014.
  84. ^ Valley Road Elementary School, Clark Public School District. Accessed August 18, 2014.
  85. ^ Carl H. Kumpf Middle School, Clark Public School District. Accessed August 18, 2014.
  86. ^ Arthur L. Johnson High School, Clark Public School District. Accessed August 18, 2014.
  87. ^ Other Schools, Clark Public School District. Accessed August 18, 2014.
  88. ^ New Jersey School Directory for the Clark Public School District, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed August 18, 2014.
  89. ^ Clark Township Public Schools 2014 Report Card Narrative, New Jersey Department of Education. Accessed June 13, 2015. "The district enjoys a very positive and collaborative send/receive relationship with the Garwood Public Schools. Students from Garwood are educated in their local K-8 District, then subsequently attend Grades 9-12 at our Arthur L. Johnson High School here in Clark."
  90. ^ Union County High Schools, Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark. Accessed July 11, 2011.
  91. ^ About, Clark Scholarship Fund. Accessed July 11, 2011. "Since 1955, the Clark Scholarship Fund has honored outstanding Clark, NJ students. The Fund is supported entirely by contributions from businesses and individual citizens in the community. It has no endowment and does not receive support from government or foundation sources."
  92. ^ Union County Mileage by Municipality and Jurisdiction, New Jersey Department of Transportation, May 2010. Accessed July 18, 2014.
  93. ^ "Interchange 135 Improvements", Union County, New Jersey, Backed up by the Internet Archive as of October 15, 2007. Accessed April 11, 2013.
  94. ^ Travel Resources: Interchanges, Service Areas & Commuter Lots, New Jersey Turnpike Authority. Accessed August 18, 2014.
  95. ^ Berg, Walter Gilman. Buildings and structures of American railroads:A reference book for railroad managers, superintendents, master mechanics, engineers, architects, and students, p. 294. John Wiley & Sons, 1893. Accessed July 11, 2011.
  96. ^ Union County Bus/Rail Connections, New Jersey Transit, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 22, 2009. Accessed July 11, 2011.
  97. ^ Eskenazi, Gerald. "PRO FOOTBALL; Jets Add Burger and Byars To Free-Agent Acquisitions", The New York Times, February 26, 1998. Accessed May 5, 2013. "Burger, a 300-pounder who grew up in Clark, N.J., idolizing Bill Parcells and the Giants, is the second instant starter on the troubled offensive line that the Jets have picked up in the last week."
  98. ^ Caroom, Eliot. "Clark native set to lead one of last NASA shuttle missions", The Star-Ledger, May 2, 2010. Accessed September 18, 2011. "A love of flight and a helpful guidance counselor led Kenneth Ham from his high school in Clark to a trip to the International Space Station next week. Ham is one of several Garden State natives who will be among the last astronauts on a space shuttle as NASA winds down the long-running program this year. For Ham, his path to the stars began in the early 1980s at Arthur L. Johnson High School."
  99. ^ Finn, Robin. "For a Lawyer Who's Angry, a Gotti Is Therapy", The New York Times, September 30, 2005. Accessed April 14, 2008. "Mr. Lichtman, unsurprisingly, was no fan of the mob turncoats the prosecution engaged as witnesses: "Arrogant." They reminded him, he says, of the bullies he grew up with in Clark, N.J., where his father was a meatpacker and fistfights trumped schoolyard conversations."
  100. ^ Matt Poskay, M, Boston Cannons. Accessed May 12, 2008.
  101. ^ Dooley, Ellen. "Clark native Spaziani takes over as Eagles coach at Boston College", Suburban News, September 2, 2009. Accessed April 14, 2011.
  102. ^ Staff. "Favorite Son: Kurt Sutter grew up dreaming beyond Jersey", Inside Jersey, February 3, 2011. Accessed February 4, 2015. "Nothing on Kurt Sutter’s résumé can be considered family-friendly. Since 2002, the Clark native has written for, executive produced, directed and co-starred in two of the FX cable network’s most beloved and most violent adult dramas — The Shield, a Golden Globe-winning series that followed a group of corrupt Los Angeles cops for seven seasons, and current hit Sons of Anarchy, which he created, about an outlaw motorcycle gang in the fictitious Charming, Calif."
  103. ^ Longcope, Kay. "CENTERPIECE; EX-COP DAVID TOMA CRUSADES IN SCHOOLS AGAINST DRUG USE", The Boston Globe, February 23, 1981. Accessed April 14, 2011. "The only time he slows down is when he's home (in Clark, NJ)."

External links[edit]