Clark International Airport

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Clark International Airport
Pangyatung Sulapawan ning Clark (Kapampangan)
Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Clark (Filipino)
Clark International Airport (CRK).svg
Clark International Airport Terminal.jpg
Passenger terminal of Clark International Airport
Summary
Airport type Public/Military
Owner Bases Conversion and Development Authority[1][2]
Operator Clark International Airport Corporation
Philippine Air Force[3]
Serves Central Luzon and Greater Manila Area
Location Clark Freeport Zone
Opened June 16, 1996[4][5]
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 148 m / 484 ft
Coordinates 15°11′09″N 120°33′35″E / 15.18583°N 120.55972°E / 15.18583; 120.55972Coordinates: 15°11′09″N 120°33′35″E / 15.18583°N 120.55972°E / 15.18583; 120.55972
Website www.clarkairport.com
Map
CRK/RPLC is located in Philippines
CRK/RPLC
CRK/RPLC
Location in the Philippines
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
02R/20L 3,200 10,499 Asphalt/Concrete
02L/20R 3,200 10,499 Asphalt/Concrete
Statistics (2016)
Passengers 950,732
Passenger change 15-16 Increase9.46%
Aircraft movements 6,205
Movement change 15-16 Increase2.44%
Sources from CIAC[6] and PAF[7]

Clark International Airport (Kapampangan: Pangyatung Sulapawan ning Clark, Filipino: Paliparang Pandaigdig ng Clark), formerly known as the Diosdado Macapagal International Airport (IATA: CRKICAO: RPLC), is an airport that is an international gateway to the Philippines within Clark Freeport Zone, located 43.2 NM (80.0 km; 49.7 mi)[8] northwest of Manila. The airport is located in the cities of Angeles and Mabalacat in the province of Pampanga and is accessible through the Subic-Clark-Tarlac Expressway, which is connected to the North Luzon Expressway.

Clark serves the general vicinity of central and northern Luzon. The name is derived from the former American Clark Air Force Base which was the largest overseas base of the United States Air Force until it was closed in 1991 and handed over to the Government of the Philippines.

The airport is managed and operated by Clark International Airport Corporation (CIAC), a government-owned enterprise; and the southern part of the facility is utilized by the Philippine Air Force as Clark Air Base.[3]

Clark serves both International and Domestic Flights, with over 15 flights per day. In 2017, Philippine Airlines began operating international flights to Seoul, with more flights planned from late 2019.

History[edit]

In 1993, the former Clark Air Base was reopened as the Clark Special Economic Zone (CSEZ) after the area was cleared from lahar debris from the Mount Pinatubo explosion and a typhoon that followed. During the administration of former President Fidel V. Ramos, it was designated to be the future primary international gateway of the Philippines and the major international airport of Metro Manila and its neighboring provinces when Ninoy Aquino International Airport in Metro Manila has reached full capacity and can no longer be expanded.

In 2003, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo renamed Clark International Airport as the Diosdado Macapagal International Airport (DMIA), in memory of her father, former President Diosdado Macapagal, and ordered the Clark International Airport Corporation (CIAC) in February 2007 to fund the US$1.7 billion (PH₱76.5 billion) expansion of DMIA and the approval of a US$2 million (PH₱90 million) study plan financed by the Korean International Cooperation Agency. The first stage of Clark Airport's expansion program, a PH₱130 million terminal expansion, was completed in January 2008 to accommodate more than 2 million passengers annually.[9] In February 2012 the airport's name reverted to Clark International Airport,[10] but the passenger terminal continued to bear Diosdado Macapagal's name.

Terminal Complex[edit]

Terminal 1 (Diosdado Macapagal Terminal)[edit]

Views of the departure hall of the Diosdado Macapagal Terminal

The $3 million (PH₱130 million) expanded Terminal 1 (now called the "Diosdado Macapagal Terminal" since the renaming of the airport back to Clark), designed to accommodate one million to two million passengers annually, was inaugurated by President Arroyo on April 2008 to serve the growing passenger volume due to the entry of foreign and local budget carriers at the airport. Completed in April 2010, the $12 million (PH₱550 million) expansion added a second story, arrival and departure lounges, and two aerobridges to the terminal building. The expansion boosts Clark's capacity to five million.[11] Once Terminal 2 is completed, Terminal 1 will take over all domestic routes.[12]

Future Development[edit]

The future international gateway for the country is currently being built at Clark International Airport. It is planned to become one of the world's biggest in terms of terminal size and land area. A high speed railway system will be built to connect the new airport to Metro Manila. Officially, Ninoy Aquino International Airport (NAIA) is the only airport serving the Manila area. However, both NAIA and Clark International Airport (CRK) serve the national capital and surrounding provinces, with CRK catering mostly to low-cost carriers that avail themselves of the lower landing fees than those charged at NAIA. They are going to improve and ping to have more flights in the future operating to USA, Asia, Australia, and other places.

Statistics Terminal 1 Terminal 1
First Expansion
Terminal 1
Second Expansion[12]
Premier Gateway
Terminal 2[13]
Phase 1
Budget Terminal[14] Terminal 2
Phase 2
Master Plan
Terminal 3
Passenger
Capacity
500,000[15]
2,000,000
5,000,000[12]
7,000,000[16]
15,000,000[14]
TBA
80,000,000[16]
Scheduled completion date
Completed Completed Completed Completed Under Construction TBA 2025

Terminal 2[edit]

The Terminal 2 of Clark comes in two phases. It will be dedicated to international traffic.[12] It has a total floor area of 35,000 square meters and a 7 million-passenger capacity per year.[17] Total investment for this phase is estimated at US$150 million (PH₱6.75 billion).[12] It includes the expansion of the eastern runway to 4000 meters.,[18] a new runway, a new cargo terminal complex, and a new control tower.[12]

Budget Terminal[edit]

On December 16, 2013, it was announced that the Philippines and France are set to sign a memorandum of agreement for the plan and design of the budget terminal, which is expected to be completed by the end of 2017. The terminal will be designed by Aéroports de Paris and it would have a capacity of 15 million passengers per year.[14]

Terminal 3[edit]

Terminal 3 is expected to make CIA handle 80 million passengers a year.[19] When completed, Clark Airport will have:

  • 3 parallel runways
  • A high-speed train.[20]
  • Once completed, it can accommodate 80 million passengers annually,

Runways[edit]

Clark Airport has two 3,200-meter parallel runways, one of which will be extended to 4,000 meters to accommodate new generation wide-bodied aircraft. The runways' descriptions include:[21]

  • The primary runway (Runway 02R/20L) has a length of 3,200 meters and a width of 60 meters. It is equipped with various navigational aids and lighting facilities, and it has a Category 1 rating for precision approach.
  • The secondary runway (Runway 02L/20R) has the same length as the primary runway (3,200 m) and a width of 45 meters, and it is currently used for Visual Flight Rules (VFR) only since the navigational aids and lighting facilities present in the primary runway have not yet been installed.

Clark Aerotropolis[edit]

The Clark International Airport is being pushed to become the Philippines' first aerotropolis[22][23] with businesses and industries relocating to the former American airfield complex. The Clark complex used to be the hub of UPS cargo and Subic Bay was the hub of FedEx cargo until both relocated to China.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations
AirSWIFT El Nido
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon
Cathay Dragon Hong Kong
Cebu Pacific Cebu, Hong Kong, Kalibo, Macau, Singapore
Cebu Pacific
operated by Cebgo
Busuanga, Caticlan
China Eastern Airlines Shanghai–Pudong
Emirates Dubai–International
Jetstar Asia Airways Singapore
Jin Air Busan, Seoul–Incheon
Philippine Airlines Bacolod, Cagayan de Oro, Davao, Puerto Princesa, Seoul–Incheon
Philippine Airlines
operated by PAL Express
Basco, Busuanga, Calbayog, Catarman, Caticlan, Cebu, Masbate, Naga (begins January 16, 2018),[24] Tagbilaran, Virac
Philippines AirAsia Caticlan, Davao, Iloilo (begins January 27, 2018),[25] Kalibo, Puerto Princesa (begins January 27, 2018),[26] Tacloban (begins January 26, 2018)[27]
Platinum Skies Aviation Charter: Bagabag
Qatar Airways Doha
Scoot Singapore

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
AirBridgeCargo Airlines Hong Kong
FedEx Express Guangzhou, Taipei–Taoyuan
Tri-MG Intra Asia Airlines Hong Kong
UPS Airlines Dubai–International, Hong Kong, Shenzhen, Taipei–Taoyuan, Tokyo–Narita
Yangtze River Express Xiamen

Statistics[edit]

Passenger traffic[edit]

Year Passenger

movements

% Change from

Previous Year

2003 14,000
2004 58,988 Increase 76.27%
2005 232,313 Increase 74.61%
2006 489,070 Increase 52.50%
2007 559,405 Increase 12.57%
2008 530,429 Decrease 5.18%
2009 590,524 Increase 10.18%
2010 654,229 Increase 9.74%
2011 767,109 Increase 14.71%
2012 1,315,757 Increase 41.70%
2013 1,200,592 Decrease 8.75%
2014 877,757 Decrease 26.89%
2015 868,528 Decrease 1.05%
2016 950,732 Increase 9.46%

Awards[edit]

  • Center for Asia Pacific Aviation
    Low-Cost Airport of the Year (2006)[28]
  • Frost & Sullivan Asia Pacific Aerospace and Defense Awards
    Airport of the Year (2008) (for airports under 15 million passengers category)[29]
  • Routes Airport Marketing Awards
    Winner (2013) (for 'Under 20 Million' Category)[30]

Ground transportation[edit]

Motor vehicle[edit]

The Subic-Clark-Tarlac Expressway (SCTEx) provides access through the airport, with two exits: Clark North and Clark South interchange, where the latter leads directly to Clark. Passengers with connecting flights at Ninoy Aquino International Airport in Metro Manila can take North Luzon Expressway which is linked via SCTEx, then passing through Epifanio de los Santos Avenue, Roxas Boulevard and finally onto NAIA Road. The future corridor between NAIA and Clark International Airport is the Metro Manila Skyway Stage 3 from NLEx to SLEx and NAIA Expressway from Skyway and SLEx to NAIA Terminals. The target completion of the NLEx-SLEx elevated expressway link project is 2019.

Park and ride services are provided within the airport as well.[31]

Public transportation[edit]

Regular bus services going directly to Metro Manila are served by Partas and Philtranco; although not operating after midnight hours. By 15 January 2013, there will be a newly constructed lounge in TriNoma Mall that will operate 24 hours a day and will be initially offered by Genesis, Five Star, and Philtranco.[32]

Clark is also served by airconditioned jeepneys en route to nearby Dau bus terminal and SM City Clark. Most buses running to the northern provinces of Luzon and back to Metro Manila include a stopover at Dau bus terminal.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "BCDA to build Clark International Airport under DOTC Leadership" (Press release). Bases Conversion and Development Authority. 24 October 2011. Retrieved 30 December 2012. BCDA wrote Sec. Mar Roxas to map out its plans and strategies for major infrastructures under BCDA’s ownership and mandate such as the Clark International Airport. 
  2. ^ Darwin G. Amojelar (22 October 2011). "BCDA to build Clark International Airport". The Manila Times. Retrieved 30 December 2012. Casanova emphasized that the BCDA owns the properties and assets of the Clark International Airport Corp. (CIAC) and Clark Development Corp. (CDC) which gives it legal authority to undertake the development of the airport. 
  3. ^ a b "Clark Air Base". Philippine Air Force. Retrieved 31 December 2012. Though the air facility principally handled civilian air traffic (it was planned to replace Ninoy Aquino International Airport as Metro Manila's primary airport), the Philippine Air Force maintained a presence there, and part of it was still known as Clark Air Base. 
  4. ^ "2007 Annual Report" (PDF). Clark International Airport Official Website. Clark International Airport Corporation. p. 16. Retrieved 17 June 2016. 
  5. ^ "Remembering CRK's 1st flight 20 years ago, June 16, 1996". Facebook. Clark International Airport Corporation. Retrieved 17 June 2016. 
  6. ^ "Vital Information" (PDF). Clark International Airport Corporation. Retrieved 8 June 2016. 
  7. ^ "PAF Air bases". Philippine Air Force. Archived from the original on 23 December 2012. Retrieved 1 January 2013. 
  8. ^ Baluyut, Joelyn (10 October 2012). "NAIA flights diverted to Clark". Philippine Information Agency. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  9. ^ Sunstar.com Archived 28 September 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ "Clark airport name-change plan sparks debate". ABS-CBN News. 2012-02-28. Retrieved 2013-08-24. 
  11. ^ "Flightglobal.com". Flightglobal.com. 2010-01-25. Retrieved 2013-08-24. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f Citrinot, Luc (2010-01-08). "Eturbonews.com". Eturbonews.com. Retrieved 2013-08-24. 
  13. ^ Diosdado Macapagal Airport posts 110% jump in passenger volume. - Journal, Magazine, Article, Periodical
  14. ^ a b c Agcaoili, Lawrence (2013-12-16). "Phl, France ink design pact for Clark terminal". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 2013-12-28. 
  15. ^ Bright Future for DMIA Archived 28 November 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  16. ^ a b Laude, Pete (July 22, 2014). "Clark airport opens modern passenger wing; new LCC terminal proposed to NEDA in August". Philippine Information Agency. Retrieved October 22, 2014. 
  17. ^ Businessmirror.com.ph Archived 25 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  18. ^ Sunstar.com Archived 15 September 2004 at the Wayback Machine.
  19. ^ Manilatimes.net
  20. ^ "OP.gov.ph". OP.gov.ph. 2013-05-09. Retrieved 2013-08-24. 
  21. ^ Clarkairport.com Archived 10 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  22. ^ http://www.mb.com.ph/aerotropolis-to-generate-job-opportunities/
  23. ^ http://www.interaksyon.com/business/55505/clark-wants-to-be-philippines-first-aerotropolis
  24. ^ https://www.philippineairlines.com/en/~/media/files/flighttimetable/domestic%20winter%20nov%2029%202017.pdf?la=en
  25. ^ http://www.sunstar.com.ph/pampanga/local-news/2017/11/26/airasia-adds-3-domestic-flights-clark-airport-576800
  26. ^ http://www.sunstar.com.ph/pampanga/local-news/2017/11/26/airasia-adds-3-domestic-flights-clark-airport-576800
  27. ^ http://www.sunstar.com.ph/pampanga/local-news/2017/11/26/airasia-adds-3-domestic-flights-clark-airport-576800
  28. ^ "DMIA bags Low-Cost Airport Award". 
  29. ^ "DMIA awarded 'Airport of the Year' by global consulting group". 
  30. ^ "Routes Asia 2013 :: Routes Airport Marketing Awards". Routesonline. Retrieved 2013-08-24. 
  31. ^ "Frequently Asked Questions". Clark International Airport Corporation. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 
  32. ^ Pavia, Joey (13 January 2013). "CIA eyes 2M passengers in 2013, launches Clark-TriNoma bus route". The Business Mirror. Retrieved 13 January 2013. 

External links[edit]