Terry at the 1981 Monterey Jazz Festival (Photo: Brian McMillen)
December 14, 1920|
St. Louis, Missouri, U.S.
|Died||February 21, 2015
Pine Bluff, Arkansas, U.S.
|Genres||Jazz, swing, bebop, hard bop|
|Labels||Prestige, Pablo, Candid, Mainstream, Impulse!|
|Associated acts||Charlie Barnet, Count Basie, Bob Brookmeyer, Clifford Brown, Eddie "Lockjaw" Davis, Miles Davis, Duke Ellington, Dizzy Gillespie, Milt Jackson, J.J. Johnson, Quincy Jones, Yusef Lateef, Charles Mingus, Blue Mitchell, Oliver Nelson, Oscar Peterson, Lalo Schifrin, Billy Taylor, Wynton Marsalis, Arturo Sandoval, Dianne Reeves, Terri Lyne Carrington|
He played with Charlie Barnet (1947), Count Basie (1948–51), Duke Ellington (1951–59), Quincy Jones (1960), and Oscar Peterson (1964-96). He was also with The Tonight Show Band from 1962 to 1972. Terry's career in jazz spanned more than 70 years, during which he became one of the most recorded jazz musicians ever, appearing on over 900 recordings. Terry also mentored many musicians including Quincy Jones, Miles Davis, Herbie Hancock, Wynton Marsalis, Pat Metheny, Dianne Reeves, and Terri Lyne Carrington among thousands of others.
Terry was born in St. Louis, Missouri, in 1920. He attended Vashon High School and began his professional career in the early 1940s, playing in local clubs. He served as a bandsman in the United States Navy during World War II. His first instrument was valve trombone.
Big band era
Blending the St. Louis tone with contemporary styles, Terry's years with Basie and Ellington in the late 1940s and 1950s established his prominence. During his period with Ellington, he took part in many of the composer's suites and acquired a reputation for his wide range of styles (from swing to hard bop), technical proficiency, and good humor. Terry influenced musicians including Miles Davis and Quincy Jones, both of whom acknowledged Terry's influence during the early stages of their careers. Terry had informally taught Davis while they were still in St Louis, and Jones during Terry's frequent visits to Seattle with the Count Basie Sextet.
After leaving Ellington in 1959, Clark's international recognition soared when he accepted an offer from the National Broadcasting Company (NBC) to become a staff musician. He appeared for ten years on The Tonight Show as a member of the Tonight Show Band until 1972, first led by Skitch Henderson and later by Doc Severinsen, where his unique "mumbling" scat singing led to a hit with "Mumbles". Terry was the first African American to become a regular in a band on a major US television network. He said later: "We had to be models, because I knew we were in a test.... We couldn't have a speck on our trousers. We couldn't have a wrinkle in the clothes. We couldn't have a dirty shirt."
Terry continued to play with musicians such as trombonist J. J. Johnson and pianist Oscar Peterson, and led a group with valve-trombonist Bob Brookmeyer that achieved some success in the early 1960s. In February 1965, Brookmeyer and Terry appeared on BBC2's Jazz 625. and in 1967, presented by Norman Granz, he was recorded at Poplar Town Hall, in the BBC series Jazz at the Philharmonic, alongside James Moody, Dizzy Gillespie, Coleman Hawkins, Benny Carter, Teddy Wilson, Bob Cranshaw, Louie Bellson and T-Bone Walker.
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In the 1970s, Terry concentrated increasingly on the flugelhorn, which he played with a full, ringing tone. In addition to his studio work and teaching at jazz workshops, Terry toured regularly in the 1980s with small groups (including Peterson's) and performed as the leader of his Big B-A-D Band (formed about 1970). After financial difficulties forced him to break up the Big B-A-D Band, he performed with bands such as the Unifour Jazz Ensemble. His humor and command of jazz trumpet styles are apparent in his "dialogues" with himself, on different instruments or on the same instrument, muted and unmuted. He occasionally performed solos on a trumpet or flugelhorn mouthpiece.
From the 1970s through the 1990s, Terry performed at Carnegie Hall, Town Hall, and Lincoln Center, toured with the Newport Jazz All Stars and Jazz at the Philharmonic, and was featured with Skitch Henderson's New York Pops Orchestra. In 1998, Terry recorded George Gershwin's "Let's Call the Whole Thing Off" for the Red Hot Organization's compilation album Red Hot + Rhapsody, a tribute to George Gershwin, which raised money for various charities devoted to increasing AIDS awareness and fighting the disease. In 2001, he again recorded for the Red Hot Organization with artist Amel Larrieux for the compilation album Red Hot + Indigo, a tribute to Ellington.
In the 1980s he was a featured soloist performing in front of the band.[which?] In November 1980, he was a headliner along with Anita O'Day, Lionel Hampton and Ramsey Lewis during the opening two-week ceremony performances celebrating the short-lived resurgence of the Blue Note Lounge at the Marriott O'Hare Hotel near Chicago. He was introduced to great acclaim by Chicago jazz disc-jockey Dick Buckley.
Prompted early in his career by Billy Taylor, Clark and Milt Hinton bought instruments for and gave instruction to young hopefuls, which planted the seed that became Jazz Mobile in Harlem. This venture tugged at Terry's greatest love: involving youth in the perpetuation of jazz. From 2000 onwards, he hosted Clark Terry Jazz Festivals on land and sea, held his own jazz camps, and appeared in more than fifty jazz festivals on six continents. Terry composed more than two hundred jazz songs and performed for seven U.S. Presidents.
He also had several recordings with major groups including the London Symphony Orchestra, the Dutch Metropole Orchestra, and the Chicago Jazz Orchestra, hundreds of high school and college ensembles, his own duos, trios, quartets, quintets, sextets, octets, and two big bands: Clark Terry's Big Bad Band and Clark Terry's Young Titans of Jazz. The Clark Terry Archive at William Paterson University in Wayne, New Jersey, contains instruments, tour posters, awards, original copies of over 70 big band arrangements, recordings and other memorabilia.
His autobiography was published in 2011 and, as Taylor Ho Bynum writes in The New Yorker, "captures his gift for storytelling and his wry humor, especially in chronicling his early years on the road, with struggles through segregation and gigs in juke joints and carnivals, all while developing one of most distinctive improvisational voices in music history."
A 2014 documentary Keep on Keepin' On follows Clark Terry over four years to document the mentorship between Terry and 23-year-old blind piano prodigy Justin Kauflin as the young man prepares to compete in an elite, international competition.
According to his own website Terry was "one of the most recorded jazz artists in history and had performed for eight American Presidents."
Death and tributes
Writing in The New York Times, Peter Keepnews said Terry "was acclaimed for his impeccable musicianship, loved for his playful spirit and respected for his adaptability. Although his sound on both trumpet and the rounder-toned flugelhorn (which he helped popularize as a jazz instrument) was highly personal and easily identifiable, he managed to fit it snugly into a wide range of musical contexts."
Writing in UK's The Daily Telegraph, Martin Chilton said: "Terry was a music educator and had a deep and lasting influence on the course of jazz. Terry became a mentor to generations of jazz players, including Miles Davis, Wynton Marsalis and composer-arranger Quincy Jones."
Interviewing Terry in 2005, fellow jazz trumpeter Scotty Barnhart said he was "... one of the most incredibly versatile musicians to ever live ... a jazz trumpet master that played with the greatest names in the history of the music ..."
Awards and honors
Over 250 awards, medals and honors, including:
- Inducted into the Jazz at Lincoln Center Nesuhi Ertegun Jazz Hall of Fame (2013)
- The 2010 Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award, two Grammy certificates, three Grammy nominations
- Down Beat Jazz Hall of Fame
- The National Endowment for the Arts Jazz Master Award (1991)
- Sixteen honorary doctorates
- Keys to several cities
- Jazz Ambassador for U.S. State Department tours in the Middle East and Africa
- A knighthood in Germany
- Charles E. Lutton Man of Music Award, presented by Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia Fraternity in (1985). Terry was awarded honorary membership in the Fraternity by the Beta Zeta Chapter at the College of Emporia (1968). He was also made an honorary member of the Iota Phi chapter of Kappa Kappa Psi, National Honorary Band Fraternity (2011).
- The French Order of Arts and Letters (2000)
- A life-sized wax figure for the Black World History Museum in St. Louis
- Inducted into the St. Louis Walk of Fame (1996)
- NARAS Present's Merit Award (2005)
- Trumpeter of the Year by the Jazz Journalists Association (2005)
- Clark Terry (EmArcy, 1955) – also released as Introducing Clark Terry and Swahili
- Serenade to a Bus Seat (Riverside, 1957)
- Out on a Limb with Clark Terry (Argo, 1957)
- Duke with a Difference (Riverside, 1957)
- In Orbit (Riverside, 1958) – with Thelonious Monk
- Top and Bottom Brass (Riverside, 1959) with Don Butterfield
- Paris, 1960 (Swing, 1960)
- Color Changes (Candid, 1960)
- Everything's Mellow (Moodsville, 1961)
- Previously Unreleased Recordings (Verve, 1961 ) – with Bob Brookmeyer
- Clark Terry Plays the Jazz Version of All American (Moodsville, 1962)
- Eddie Costa: Memorial Concert (Colpix, 1962) – one side of shared LP with the Coleman Hawkins Sextet
- Back in Bean's Bag (Columbia, 1963) – with Coleman Hawkins
- 3 in Jazz (RCA, 1963) – shared LP with Sonny Rollins and Gary Burton
- More (Theme from Mondo Cain) (Cameo, 1963)
- What Makes Sammy Swing (20th Century, 1963)
- Tread Ye Lightly (Cameo, 1963)
- Oscar Peterson Trio + One (Verve, 1964) – with Oscar Peterson
- The Happy Horns of Clark Terry (Impulse!, 1964)
- Live 1964 (Emerald, 1964)
- Tonight (Mainstream, 1964) – Clark Terry-Bob Brookmeyer Quintet
- The Power of Positive Swinging (Mainstream, 1965) – with Bob Brookmeyer
- Mumbles (Mainstream, 1966) – also released as Angyumaluma Bongliddleany Nannyany Awhan Yi!
- Gingerbread Men (Mainstream, 1966)
- Soul Duo (Impulse!, 1966) – with Shirley Scott
- Spanish Rice (Impulse!, 1966) – with Chico O'Farrill
- It's What's Happenin' (Impulse!, 1967)
- Music in the Garden (Jazz Heritage, 1968)
- Clark Terry at the Montreux Jazz Festival (Polydor, 1969)
- Live at the Wichita Jazz Festival (Vanguard, 1974)
- Oscar Peterson and Clark Terry (Pablo, 1975)
- Oscar Peterson and the Trumpet Kings – Jousts (Pablo, 1975)
- Clark Terry and His Jolly Giants (Vanguard, 1976)
- Live at the Jazz House (Pausa, 1976)
- Wham (BASF, 1976)
- Squeeze Me (Chiaroscuro, 1976)
- Clark Terry's Big Bad Band Live On 57th Street (Big Bear Records, 1976)
- Clark Terry's Big B-A-D Band Live at Buddy's... (Vanguard, 1977)
- The Globetrotter (Vanguard, 1977)
- Out of Nowhere (Bingow, 1978)
- Brahms Lullabye (Amplitude, 1978)
- Funk Dumplin's (Matrix, 1978)
- Clark After Dark (MPS, 1978)
- The Effervescent (JazzTime, Jazz Greats, 1978)
- Mother______! Mother______! (Pablo, 1979)
- Ain't Misbehavin' (Pablo, 1979)
- Live in Chicago, Vol. 1 (Monad, 1979)
- Live in Chicago, Vol. 2 (Monad, 1979)
- The Trumpet Summit Meets the Oscar Peterson Big 4 (1980)
- Memories of Duke (Pablo/OJC, 1980)
- Yes, the Blues (Pablo/OJC, 1981)
- Jazz at the Philharmonic - Yoyogi National Stadium, Tokyo 1983: Return to Happiness (1983)
- To Duke and Basie (Rhino, 1986)
- Jive at Five (Enja, 1986)
- Metropole Orchestra (Mons, 1988)
- Portraits (Chesky, 1988) – with Don Friedman (p), Victor Gaskin (b) Lewis Nash (d)
- The Clark Terry Spacemen (Chiaroscuro, 1989)
- Locksmith Blues (Concord Jazz, 1989)
- Having Fun (Delos, 1990)
- Live at the Village Gate (Chesky, 1990)
- Live at the Village Gate: Second Set (Chesky, 1990)
- What a Wonderful World: For Lou (Red Baron, 1993)
- Shades of Blues (Challenge, 1994)
- Remember the Time (Mons, 1994)
- With Pee Wee Claybrook & Swing Fever (D' Note, 1995)
- Top and Bottom Brass (Chiaroscuro, 1995)
- Reunion (D'Note, 1995)
- Express (Reference, 1995)
- Good Things in Life (Mons, 1996)
- Ow (E.J.s) (1996)
- The Alternate Blues (Analogue, 1996)
- Ritter der Ronneburg, 1998 (Mons, 1998)
- One on One (Chesky, 2000)
- A Jazz Symphony (Centaur, 2000)
- Creepin' with Clark (with Mike Vax) (Summit Records, 2000)
- Herr Ober: Live at Birdland Neuburg (Nagel-Heyer, 2001)
- Live on QE2 (Chiaroscuro, 2001)
- Jazz Matinee (Hanssler, 2001)
- The Hymn (Candid, 2001)
- Clark Terry and His Orchestra Featuring Paul Gonsalves  (Storyville, 2002)
- Live in Concert (Image, 2002)
- Flutin' and Fluglin (Past Perfect, 2002)
- Friendship (Columbia, 2002)
- Live! At Buddy's Place (Universe, 2003)
- Live at Montmarte June 1975 (Storyville, 2003)
- George Gershwin's Porgy & Bess (A440 Music Group, 2004)
- Live at Marian's with the Terry's Young Titans of Jazz (Chiaroscuro, 2005)
With Gene Ammons
- Soul Summit Vol. 2 (Prestige, 1961 )
- Late Hour Special (Prestige, 1961 )
- Velvet Soul (Prestige, 1961 )
With Ernestine Anderson
- My Kinda Swing (Mercury, 1960)
With Dave Bailey
With George Barnes
- Guitars Galore (Mercury, 1961)
With Willie Bobo
- Bobo's Beat (Roulette, 1962)
With Clifford Brown
With Kenny Burrell
- Lotsa Bossa Nova (Kapp, 1963)
With Gary Burton
- Who is Gary Burton? (RCA, 1962)
With Charlie Byrd
- Byrd at the Gate (Riverside, 1963)
With Al Caiola
- Cleopatra and All That Jazz (United Artists, 1963)
With Tadd Dameron
- The Magic Touch (1962)
With Duke Ellington
- Such Sweet Thunder (Columbia, 1957)
- Ellington Indigos (Columbia, 1958)
- Ellington at Newport (Columbia, 1958)
- Festival Session (Columbia, 1959)
- The Ellington Suites (Columbia, 1959)
- The Greatest Jazz Concert in the World (1967)
With Art Farmer
- Listen to Art Farmer and the Orchestra (Mercury, 1962)
With Ella Fitzgerald
- Ella Abraça Jobim (Pablo, 1981)
With Stan Getz
- Big Band Bossa Nova (Verve, 1962)
With Dizzy Gillespie
- Gillespiana (Verve, 1960)
- Carnegie Hall Concert (Verve, 1961)
- The Trumpet Kings Meet Joe Turner (Pablo, 1974) with Big Joe Turner, Roy Eldridge and Harry "Sweets" Edison
- The Trumpet Summit Meets the Oscar Peterson Big 4 (Pablo, 1980) – with Freddie Hubbard and Oscar Peterson
With Paul Gonsalves
- Cookin' (Argo, 1957)
With Johnny Griffin
- White Gardenia (Riverside, 1961)
With Dave Grusin
- Homage to Duke (1993)
With Lionel Hampton
- You Better Know It!!! (Impulse!, 1965)
With Chico Hamilton
- The Further Adventures of El Chico (Impulse!, 1966)
With Jimmy Heath
- Really Big! (Riverside, 1960)
With Kenyon Hopkins
- The Yellow Canary (Verve, 1960)
With Milt Jackson
- Big Bags (Riverside, 1962)
- For Someone I Love (Riverside, 1963)
- Ray Brown / Milt Jackson with Ray Brown (Verve, 1965)
With Elvin Jones
With Sam Jones
- Down Home (Riverside, 1962)
With Quincy Jones
- At Newport '63 (RCA, 1963)
With Yusef Lateef
- The Centaur and the Phoenix (Riverside, 1960)
With Michel Legrand
- Michel Legrand Plays Richard Rodgers (Philips, 1962)
With Abbey Lincoln
- The World Is Falling Down (Polydor S.A./Verve, 1990)
With Mundell Lowe
- Themes from Mr. Lucky, the Untouchables and Other TV Action Jazz (RCA Camden, 1960)
- Satan in High Heels (soundtrack) (Charlie Parker, 1961)
With Junior Mance
- The Soul of Hollywood (Jazzland, 1962)
With Herbie Mann
- Latin Fever (Atlantic, 1963)
With Gary McFarland
- Tijuana Jazz (Impulse!, 1965)
With Charles Mingus
- The Complete Town Hall Concert (Blue Note, 1962 )
With Blue Mitchell
With the Modern Jazz Quartet
- Jazz Dialogue (Atlantic, 1965)
With Gerry Mulligan and the Concert Jazz Band
- Live at the Village Vanguard (Verve, 1960)
With Mark Murphy
- That's How I Love the Blues! (Riverside, 1962)
With Oliver Nelson
- Full Nelson (Verve, 1962)
- Oliver Nelson Plays Michelle (Impulse!, 1966)
- Happenings with Hank Jones (Impulse!, 1966)
- The Spirit of '67 with Pee Wee Russell (Impulse!, 1967)
With Chico O'Farrill
- Nine Flags (Impulse!, 1966)
With Dave Pike
With Gene Roland
- Swingin Friends (Brunswick, 1963)
With Sonny Rollins
- Brass & Trio (1958)
With Lalo Schifrin
With Jimmy Smith
- Hobo Flats (Verve, 1963)
With Sonny Stitt
With Billy Taylor
With Cecil Taylor
- New York City R&B (1961)
With Ed Thigpen
- Out of the Storm (Verve, 1966)
With Teri Thornton
- Devil May Care (Riverside, 1961)
With McCoy Tyner
- Live at Newport (Impulse, 1964)
With Dinah Washington
- Dinah Jams (EmArcy Records, 1954)
With Randy Weston
- Uhuru Afrika (Roulette, 1960)
With Joe Williams
- At Newport '63 (RCA, 1963)
With Jimmy Woode
- The Colorful Strings of Jimmy Woode (Argo, 1957)
- Let's Talk Trumpet: From Legit to Jazz (with Phil Rizzo), 1973
- Clark Terry's System of Circular Breathing for Woodwind and Brass Instruments (with Phil Rizzo), 1975
- Interpretation of the Jazz Language, Bedford, Ohio: M. A. S. Publishing Company, 1977
- TerryTunes, anthology of 60 original compositions (1st edn, 1972; 2nd edn w/doodle-tonguing chapter, 2009)
- "Clark Terry – Jazz Ambassador: C.T.'s Diary" [cover portrait], Jazz Journal International 31 (May 6, 1978): pp. 7–8.
- "Jazz for the Record" [Clark Terry Archive at William Paterson University], The New York Times (December 11, 2004).
- Beach, Doug, "Clark Terry and the St. Louis Trumpet Sound", Instrumentalist 45 (April 1991): 8–12.
- Bernotas, Bob, "Clark Terry", Jazz Player 1 (October–November 1994): 12–19.
- Blumenthal, Bob, "Reflections on a Brilliant Career" [reprint of JazzTimes 25, No. 8], Jazz Educators Journal 29, No. 4 (1997): 30–33, 36–37.
- Ellington, Duke, "Clark Terry" chapter in Music is My Mistress (Garden City, NY: Doubleday, 1973): 229–230.
- LaBarbera, John, "Clark Terry: More Than 'Mumbles'", ITG Journal (International Trumpet Guild) 19, No. 2 (1994): 36–41.
- Morgenstern, Dan, "Clark Terry" in Living With Jazz: A Reader (New York: Pantheon, 2004): 196–201. [Reprint of Down Beat 34 (June 1, 1967): 16–18.]
- Owens, Thomas, "Trumpeters: Clark Terry", in Bebop: The Music and the Players (New York: Oxford, 1995): 111–113.
- Terry, C. Clark: The Autobiography of Clark Terry, University of California Press (2011), ISBN 978-0520268463
- Yanow, Scott Clark Terry biography at Allmusic.
- Terry, C. Clark: The Autobiography of Clark Terry, University of California Press (2011).
- Stephen Graham. "Clark Terry has died". Marlbank. Retrieved February 23, 2015.
- "Trumpeter Clark Terry Shares Jazz Memories". NPR.org. January 1, 2005. Retrieved February 23, 2015.
- Jones, Quincy (1993). "Newport 1958". In Tucker, Mark. The Duke Ellington Reader. Oxford University Press. pp. 311–312. ISBN 0-19-509391-7.
- Adam Bernstein (February 22, 2015). "Clark Terry, jazz virtuoso with Basie, Ellington and ‘Tonight Show,’ dies". Washington Post. Retrieved February 23, 2015.
- Martin Chilton (February 22, 2015). "Clark Terry, jazz trumpeter, dies aged 94". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
- Oscar Peterson and Clark Terry at AllMusic
- "Tribute to Bob Brookmeyer". clarkterry.com. December 19, 2011. Retrieved February 10, 2014.
- "Jazz at the Philharmonic - Library of Congress". loc.gov. Retrieved February 23, 2015.
- "Clark Terry: NVLP: African American History". visionaryproject.org. Retrieved February 23, 2015.
- Berman, Eleanor, "The jazz of Queens encompasses music royalty", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, January 1, 2006. Accessed October 1, 2009. "When the trolley tour proceeds, Mr. Knight points out the nearby Dorie Miller Houses, a co-op apartment complex in Corona where Clark Terry and Cannonball and Nat Adderley lived and where saxophonist Jimmy Heath still resides."
- Potter, Beth. "Haworth's Notable Characters", Haworth, New Jersey. Accessed June 22, 2010.
- Taylor Ho Bynum, "The Sound of Musical Joy: Clark Terry's Trumpet", The New Yorker, February 24, 2015.
- trandall517 (April 19, 2014). "Keep on Keepin' On (2014)". IMDb. Retrieved February 15, 2015.
- Neela Debnath (February 22, 2015). "Clark Terry dead: Grammy-winning trumpet player dies aged 94". The Independent. Retrieved February 23, 2015.
- Marc Schneider (February 13, 2015). "Jazz Great Clark Terry Enters Hospice Care". Billboard. Retrieved February 15, 2015.
- THR Staff, Marc Schneider, Billboard (February 21, 2015). "Jazz Musician Clark Terry Dies at 94". Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved February 21, 2015.
- Daniel Kreps (February 22, 2015). "Jazz Great Clark Terry Dead at 94". Rolling Stone. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
- Peter Keepnews (February 22, 2015). "Clark Terry, Master of Jazz Trumpet, Dies at 94". The New York Times. Retrieved February 22, 2015.
- Barnhart, Scotty (2005). The World of Jazz Trumpet: A Comprehensive History & Practical Philosophy. Hal Leonard Corporation. ISBN 978-0634095276. Chapter 3: Clark Terry, pp. 91-96.
- Jazz at Lincoln Center's Ertegun Jazz Hall of Fame. "Art Blakey, Lionel Hampton, and Clark Terry inducted into Jazz at Lincoln Center's Ertegun Jazz Hall of Fame". http://jalc.org/. Retrieved June 12, 2013.
- Michael Juk (April 23, 2012). "Clark Terry’s jazz trumpeter heart touches Vancouverites". CBC Music. Retrieved February 23, 2015.
- St. Louis Walk of Fame. "St. Louis Walk of Fame Inductees". stlouiswalkoffame.org. Retrieved April 25, 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Clark Terry.|
- Terry's Official Website
- Terry at Allmusic
- "Profile: Clark Terry" by Arnold Jay Smith (www.jazz.com)
- Clark Terry's oral history video excerpts at The National Visionary Leadership Project