Clarksburg, Maryland

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Clarksburg, Maryland
census-designated place
An aerial view of Clarksburg, Maryland in January 2007.
An aerial view of Clarksburg, Maryland in January 2007.
Flag of Clarksburg, Maryland
Flag
Location of Clarksburg, Maryland
Location of Clarksburg, Maryland
Coordinates: 39°13′10″N 77°17′17″W / 39.21944°N 77.28806°W / 39.21944; -77.28806Coordinates: 39°13′10″N 77°17′17″W / 39.21944°N 77.28806°W / 39.21944; -77.28806
Country United States
State Maryland
County Montgomery
Founded1752[1]
Area
 • Total8.3 sq mi (21.3 km2)
 • Land8.2 sq mi (21.2 km2)
 • Water0.1 sq mi (0.1 km2)
Elevation663 ft (202 m)
Population (2016)
 • Total20,441
 • Density4,319.9/sq mi (1,667.9/km2)
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern (EST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP code20871
Area code(s)301
FIPS code24-17350
GNIS feature ID0583799

Clarksburg is a census-designated place and an unincorporated area in northern Montgomery County, Maryland, United States. It is located at the northern end of the Interstate 270 technology corridor, about four miles north of Germantown, Maryland. As of 2016, Clarksburg has an estimated population of 20,441.[2]

Clarksburg, Maryland at dusk.

Geography[edit]

As an unincorporated area, Clarksburg's boundaries are not officially defined. Clarksburg is, however, recognized by the United States Census Bureau as a census-designated place, and by the United States Geological Survey as a populated place.

According to the United States Census Bureau, it has a total area of 8.3 square miles (21 km2), of which, 8.2 square miles (21 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (1.82%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

As of the 2010 census,[3] there were 13,766 people and 4,352 households residing in the area. The population density was 1,667.9 people per square mile (51.2/km²). The population is roughly 44.1% White, 14.7% African-American, 0.1% American Indian or Alaska Native, 33.6% Asian, 0.1% Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander, including 9.8% of the population Hispanic or Latino origin of any race.

In 2000 there were 604 households, out of which 42.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 72.0% were married couples living together, 6.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 17.5% were non-families. 13.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 4.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.04 and the average family size was 3.34.

In the area, the population was spread out with 29.3% under the age of 18, 4.8% from 18 to 24, 29.7% from 25 to 44, 27.4% from 45 to 64, and 8.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.6 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $88,419, and the median income for a family was $91,216. Males had a median income of $63,125 versus $42,283 for females. The per capita income for the area was $33,174. About 3.4% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.3% of those under age 18 and 6.8% of those age 65 or over.

History[edit]

Clarksburg is named for trader John Clarke,[4] and was established at the intersection of the main road between Georgetown and Frederick and an old Seneca trail. One of its earliest white inhabitants was a man named Michael Ashford Dowden, who in 1752 received a patent for 40 acres (160,000 m2) from the colonial government called "Hammer Hill", and two years later permission to build an inn. The inn itself is a footnote in history, hosting the army of General Edward Braddock during the French and Indian War, serving as a meeting place for local Sons of Liberty in the years before the American Revolution, and possibly serving dinner to President Andrew Jackson on his way to his inauguration. Jamie, grandson of the trader, built a general store in the area around 1770, and over the next thirty years enough people moved to the area that Clark was appointed postmaster for the community. By 1875, Clarksburg was a major town in the northern part of the county, but the construction of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad undermined its economy.

In 1964, the Montgomery County planning commission decided that Clarksburg would be the last community along Interstate 270 that would have large-scale development.[5] The Montgomery County Council adopted a master plan for Clarksburg in 1968, which rezoned land for a mix of townhouses and single-family houses.[6] Another master plan was adopted in 1994.[5] A retail area was planned to be built in Clarksburg, but retail development had not broken ground by 2010, to the dismay of some residents.[7] A Harris Teeter-anchored shopping center opened in 2013, and a large outlet mall called the Clarksburg Premium Outlets opened in October 2016.

Ten Mile Creek, Clarksburg.

In June 2015, the Clarksburg Chamber of Commerce selected the town's flag designed by Shaneea Peek as the official flag of Clarksburg. The inspiration of the flag was derived from Dowden's Ordinary which is a historic landmark of Clarksburg.[8]

Development[edit]

Since 2000 there has been major growth in the area of Clarksburg. A new town center is being built in the heart of Clarksburg, near the historic center. 2010 Census data showed that over 13,677 residents and 4,352 households resided in Clarksburg, which consisted of a diverse population with a high level of education attainment. Several public parks [9] and schools have been developed to help accommodate the growth. During the boom growth period it was discovered that some of the new houses were built closer together than the minimum distance required by zoning laws, with roads built too narrow for firetrucks to pass, and homes and community facilities built without adequate permits or approvals by local authorities.[10] This was found to be the fault of inadequate county oversight and lax enforcement of building codes and laws combined with a building boom in the early 2000s.

In April 2014, the Montgomery County Council set additional limits on development projects in order to protect the quality of nearby Tenmile Creek, a drinking water source and emergency water supply for the metropolitan Washington, D.C. area.[11][12] Later that year, developers filed suit against the county, claiming that the county "illegally limited construction on its property." [13] The U.S. District Court in Maryland dismissed the suit in August 2017,[14] and the developers have appealed the dismissal to the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals.[15]

Parks and Recreation[edit]

Clarksburg has a park and children's playground named Park Daniel. There are multiple parks in the area including Little Bennett Campgrounds, Black Hill Regional Park and Ridge Road Dog Park.

There are also multiple farms, private and public, that serve production and tourism purposes.

In October 2016, Clarksburg Premium Outlets opened. The large shopping complex has over 90 stores and adds jobs.[16]

School enrollment[edit]

School Name Capacity Actual Student Enrollment

2017–2018 school year

Projected Student Enrollment

2018–2019 school year

Percent Change

 

Percent of Capacity

2011–2012 school year

Clarksburg Elementary School[17] 589 312 410 +76.09% 69.60%
Wilson Wims Elementary 1399 752 1220 +61.63% 53.75%
Little Bennett Elementary School[18] 685 624 614 -1.61% 91.09%
Rocky Hill Middle School[19] 956 1,020 809 -20.69% 106.69%
Clarksburg High School[20] 1,629 2,034 2,334 +14.74% 124.86%

The two newest schools, Little Bennett Elementary School and Clarksburg High School, have the largest increase of students, with Little Bennett at 71.4% above building capacity in the projections of 2011-2012. This has led to a moratorium in issuance of permits for new projects, but not issuance of permits in existing projects, for new homes in the Clarksburg area.[21] The majority of planned housing units will be built in existing projects. All four of the largest neighborhoods are exempt from the moratorium.

Businesses and Organizations[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brocker, Jim (January 7, 2012). "Clarksburg, a work in progress". The Washington Post. p. E4.
  2. ^ Bureau, U.S. Census. "American FactFinder - Results". factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2018-11-14.
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  4. ^ "Old Location, New Store in Clarksburg". The Washington Post. December 21, 2006. p. T3.
  5. ^ a b Aguilar, Louis (February 17, 1994). "Clarksburg Gets Ready to Meet Its Master Plan; County Preparing a Big Future for Rural Hamlet". The Washington Post. p. M1.
  6. ^ Bensinger, Gail (July 24, 1968). "Clarksburg Master Plan Voted". The Washington Post. p. B9.
  7. ^ Spivack, Miranda S. (January 12, 2010). "Clarksburg at the 10-year mark: Turmoil comes to town and stays; Montgomery development struggles to deliver what was promised". The Washington Post. p. B1.
  8. ^ "Clarksburg Reveals its New Flag on Heritage Day | Patch". Retrieved 2015-10-05.
  9. ^ Ovid Hazen Wells Recreational Park
  10. ^ Singer-Bart, Susan (20 February 2010). "County fire officials restricting upcounty street parking". Gazette.net. Retrieved 26 March 2016.
  11. ^ "Approval of Planning Board Draft 10 Mile Creek Area Limited Amendment to the Clarksburg Master Plan and Hyattstown Special Study Area" (PDF). Rockville, MD: Montgomery County Council. 2014-04-01. Resolution No. 17-1048.
  12. ^ Turque, Bill (2014-04-02). "Montgomery council brings official end to battle over Clarksburg's Ten Mile Creek". Washington Post.
  13. ^ Turque, Bill (2014-11-14). "Clarksburg builders file suit, charging that MoCo improperly limited home construction". Washington Post.
  14. ^ Pulte Home Corp. and Shiloh Farm Investments v. Montgomery County, Maryland (D. Md. 2017-08-25). Text Case No. GJH-14-3955.
  15. ^ "Builders Advance Lawsuit Blaming County for Losses in Stymied Clarksburg Project". Bethesda Magazine. Bethesda, MD. 2017-10-03.
  16. ^ Reserved., Simon Property Group, L.P. and/or Its Affiliates (NYSE: SPG), © Copyright 1999-2018. All Rights. "About Clarksburg Premium Outlets® - A Shopping Center in Clarksburg, MD - A Simon Property". www.premiumoutlets.com. Retrieved 2018-03-14.
  17. ^ "Clarksburg ES at a Glance (PDF)" (PDF).
  18. ^ "Little Bennett ES at a Glance (PDF)" (PDF).
  19. ^ "Rocky Hill MS at a Glance (PDF)" (PDF).
  20. ^ "Clarksburg HS at a Glance (PDF)" (PDF).
  21. ^ "County puts hold on new projects".

External links[edit]