Clarksville City, Texas
Clarksville City, Texas
Location of Clarksville City, Texas
|• Total||6.5 sq mi (16.8 km2)|
|• Land||6.3 sq mi (16.4 km2)|
|• Water||0.2 sq mi (0.4 km2)|
|Elevation||361 ft (110 m)|
|• Density||136/sq mi (52.7/km2)|
|Time zone||UTC-6 (Central (CST))|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC-5 (CDT)|
|GNIS feature ID||1332901|
Clarksville City is located in northwestern Gregg County at  along U.S. Route 80, 10 miles (16 km) west of Longview and 2.5 miles (4.0 km) east of Gladewater. The city is bordered by Gladewater to the west, Warren City to the northwest, and White Oak to the east. Lake Deverina on Campbell Creek is in the southern part of Clarksville City.(32.528866, -94.894344),
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.5 square miles (16.8 km2), of which 6.3 square miles (16.4 km2) are land and 0.15 square miles (0.4 km2), or 2.49%, are water.
|U.S. Decennial Census|
As of the census of 2010, there were 865 people residing in the city. The population density was 127.9 people per square mile (49.4/km²). There were 337 housing units at an average density of 53.5 per square mile (20.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 92.56% White, 3.97% African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.62% from other races, and 2.61% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.36% of the population.
There were 302 households out of which 29.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.6% were married couples living together, 9.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.5% were non-families. 24.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.95.
In the city, the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 28.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 112.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 102.6 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $34,750, and the median income for a family was $38,523. Males had a median income of $30,078 versus $20,833 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,888. About 11.0% of families and 11.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.9% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.
The first settlers arrived in the area before 1845. There was a stagecoach stop at the home of William W. Walters, which was later owned and operated by Warren P. Victory. Though first known as "Gilead", the post office was named "Point Pleasant" in 1852. It closed in 1867. The community withered when the railroad bypassed it in 1873 and Gladewater was established. With the advent of the East Texas Oil Field in 1930, so many homes, businesses, and oil-company camps and offices sprang up along the highway that it was called the Main Street of Texas, and street numbers were designated from Longview to Gladewater. The area around George W. Clark's home on the site of the old stagecoach stop became known as "Clarksville".
After extensive paving projects and other civic improvements in the 1940s and the construction of Lake Gladewater in 1952, the nearby city of Gladewater had a high tax rate and was extending its boundaries. Industrialists in the area to the east became alarmed at the prospect of being taken into Gladewater and taxed more. A movement to incorporate, spearheaded by several oil companies and the L. W. Pelphrey Company, a general contractor specializing in oilfield construction, culminated in a vote to establish Clarksville City on September 14, 1956. Pelphrey was elected mayor and served until his death in August 1961. The bypassed portion of Old Highway 80 is named Pelphrey Drive in his honor.
The population dwindled as drilling reached the state allowable and producing wells became automated. Cities Service Oil Company closed its office and camp in the early 1960s, and Sun Oil Company soon followed. After a population low of 359 in the 1960s, growth was steady. In 1990 Clarksville City had 720 residents and twenty businesses. In 2000 the population was 806. The town has an elected mayor and council with a city manager form of government. The city hall was built in 1962 and doubled in size in 1991. A Texas historical marker for the old community of Point Pleasant is at the city hall.
- City of Clarksville City - TML City Officials Directory
- Texas Commission on Environmental Quality City of Clarksville City Water System Fact Sheet
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Clarksville City city, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved March 22, 2017.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on April 26, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
- Mayer, Nauty. "CLARKSVILLE CITY, TX". Texas State Historical Association. Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 24 April 2013.