Claroteidae

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Claroteidae
Auchenoglanis occidentalis 03.jpg
Giraffe catfish (Auchenoglanis occidentalis)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Siluriformes
Superfamily: Bagroidea
Family: Claroteidae
Bleeker, 1862
Genera

Subfamily Auchenoglanidinae
 Auchenoglanis
 Notoglanidium
 Parauchenoglanis
Subfamily Claroteinae
 Amarginops
 Bathybagrus
 Chrysichthys
 Clarotes
 Gephyroglanis
 Lophiobagrus
 Pardiglanis
 Phyllonemus
incertae sedis  Eaglesomia 

The Claroteidae are a family of catfish (order Siluriformes) found in Africa.[1] This family was separated from Bagridae.[2] However, the monophyly of the family is sometimes contested.[3]

The 12 genera contain 86 known species of claroteids in two subfamilies, Claroteinae and Auchenoglanidinae.[1][2] The subfamily Auchenoglanidinae is sometimes classified as a separate family Auchenoglanididae. This group was also often formerly placed in Bagridae.[1] The monophyly of Auchenoglanidinae is uncontested; it contains the three genera Auchenoglanis, Parauchenoglanis and Notoglanidium.[3][4]

Two commonly known species are the giraffe catfish, Auchenoglanis occidentalis, and the African big-eye catfish, Chrysichthys longipinnis.

Claroteids have moderately elongated bodies, usually with four pairs of barbels, an adipose fin, and strong pectoral and dorsal fin spines.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Nelson, Joseph, S. (2006). Fishes of the World. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. ISBN 0-471-25031-7. 
  2. ^ a b c Geerinckx, T.; Adriaens, D.; Teugels, G. G.; Verraes, W. (2004). "A systematic revision of the African catfish genus Parauchenoglanis (Siluriformes: Claroteidae)". Journal of Natural History. 38 (6): 775–803. doi:10.1080/0022293021000039160. 
  3. ^ a b Otero, Olga; Likius, Andossa; Vignaud, Patrick; Brunet, Michel (2007). "A New Claroteid Catfish (Siluriformes) From the Upper Miocene of Toros-Menalla, Chad: Auchenoglanis soye, sp. nov". Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. 27 (2): 285–294. doi:10.1671/0272-4634(2007)27[285:ANCCSF]2.0.CO;2. 
  4. ^ T. Geerinckx; E. Vreven; M. Dierick; L.V. Hoorebeke; D. Adriaens (2013). "Revision of Notoglanidium and related genera (Siluriformes: Claroteidae) based on morphology and osteology" (PDF). Zootaxa. 3691 (1): 165–191.