|Clasped Hands of Robert and Elizabeth Barrett Browning|
|Collection||Metropolitan Museum of Art|
|Identifiers||The Met object ID: 11156|
Clasped Hands of Robert and Elizabeth Barrett Browning is an 1853 sculpture by Harriet Hosmer. Plaster casts are in the Schlesinger Library at Harvard University, and at the National Museum of Women in the Arts in Washington, D.C. As a bronze sculpture, versions are in the collection of the Metropolitan Museum of Art and in the "Cloister of the Clasped Hands" at Armstrong Browning Library, Baylor University.
Early history and creation
Hosmer described the work's creation thus:
The history of the hands is very brief. In the winter of 1853, my second winter in Rome, I made the personal acquaintance of Mr and Mrs Browning. I then conceived the idea of casting their hands and asked Mrs Browning if she would consent. "Yes," she said "provided you will cast them but I will not sit for the formatore." Consequently I did the casting myself.
Description and interpretation
The work directly depicts the clasped hands of Elizabeth Barrett Browning and Robert Browning, without other parts of the body. The artist Harriet Hosmer cast the hands of the poets herself at the request of Elizabeth Barrett Browning. The artist left the casting exactly as it came from the mold to preserve the textural quality of the casting and the lovers' sensitive physiognomy. The difference in size of the hands, as well as the cuff at each wrist, indicate the identity of each hand; and, although her hand is inside of his, hers is more visible, and there is a sense of equal partnership in the representation.
The signature of the artist is on end of Robert Barrett Browning's wrist and reads: HANDS - OF - ROBERT / AND / Elizabeth Barrett Browning / cast By / Harriet Hosmer / Rome 1853.
Later history and influence
Nathaniel Hawthorne alludes to the work in the 1860 novel The Marble Faun, as "Harriet Hosmer's Clasped Hands of Browning and his wife symbolize the individuality and heroic union of two highly poetic lives". Later in life, Hosmer commemorated the Brownings in some lines of poetry, "Parted by death we say... Yet hand in hand they hold their eternal way".
- "Immortal Hands". Harvard Magazine. 2004-07-01. Retrieved 2017-06-01.
- "Clasped Hands of Elizabeth and Robert Browning | National Museum of Women in the Arts". nmwa.org. Retrieved 2017-05-25.
- "Clasped Hands of Robert and Elizabeth Barrett Browning". Metropolitan Museum of Art.
- "Baylor University || Armstrong Browning Library || Sculpture". www.browninglibrary.org. Retrieved 2017-05-25.
- Hosmer, Harriet Goodhue (1912). Harriet Hosmer: Letters and Memories. Moffat, Yard and Company.
- N.Y.), Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York (2003-01-01). Perspectives on American Sculpture Before 1925. Metropolitan Museum of Art. ISBN 9781588391056.
- N.Y.), Metropolitan Museum of Art (New York); Dimmick, Lauretta; Hassler, Donna J. (1999). American Sculpture in the Metropolitan Museum of Art: A catalogue of works by artists born before 1865. Metropolitan Museum of Art. ISBN 9780870999147.
- Colbert, Charles (1997). A Measure of Perfection: Phrenology and the Fine Arts in America. UNC Press Books. ISBN 9780807846735.
- Ulrich, Laurel Thatcher; Gaskell, Ivan; Schechner, Sara; Carter, Sarah Anne; Gerbig, Samantha van (2015-02-06). Tangible Things: Making History through Objects. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199382293.
- Chapman, Alison (2015-07-16). Networking the Nation: British and American Women's Poetry and Italy, 1840-1870. OUP Oxford. ISBN 9780191035456.
- Hawthorne, Nathaniel (2015-06-12). The Marble Faun. Booklassic. ISBN 9789635224210.