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Classical may refer to:

European antiquity[edit]

  • Classical antiquity, a period of history from roughly the 7th or 8th century B.C.E. to the 5th century C.E. centered on the Mediterranean Sea
  • Classical architecture, architecture derived from Greek and Roman architecture of classical antiquity
  • Classical mythology, the body of myths from the ancient Greeks and Romans
  • Classical tradition, the reception of classical Greco-Roman antiquity by later cultures
  • Classics, study of the language and culture of classical antiquity, particularly its literature
  • Classicism, a high regard for classical antiquity in the arts

Music and arts[edit]


  • Classical language, any language with a literature that is considered classical
    • Classical Arabic, the Arabic language in which the Qur'an is written
    • Classical Armenian, the oldest attested form of the Armenian language
    • Classical Chinese, the language of the classic literature from the end of the Spring and Autumn period
    • Classical French, the French language as systematised in the 17th and 18th centuries
    • Classical Latin, the Latin language used by the ancient Romans
    • Classical Nahuatl, the language spoken by Aztec nobles in the Valley of Mexico at the time of the 16th-century Spanish conquest

Science and mathematics[edit]

  • Classical economics, school of economics developed in the late 18th and early 19th century
  • Classical logic, a class of formal logics that have been most intensively studied and most widely used
  • Classical mathematics, mathematics constructed and proved on the basis of classical logic and set theory
  • Classical mechanics, the set of physical laws describing the motion of bodies under the action of a system of forces
  • Classical physics, the study of physics before the general theory of relativity and quantum mechanics

Other uses[edit]

  • Classical liberalism, a political philosophy and ideology belonging to liberalism
  • Classical conditioning, a kind of learning that occurs when a conditioned stimulus is paired with an unconditioned stimulus
  • Classical time control, a category of time control used in chess, longer than the rapid time control but shorter than correspondence chess time control. It is not exactly defined but usually specifies around 45 minutes to 2.5 hours initial time per player.

See also[edit]