The Association publishes three journals: Classical Review, Classical Quarterly and Greece and Rome, and a newspaper Classical Association News (sometimes abbreviated to CA News). Its other activities include work with schools, conferences, and the award of grants. Its past presidents include novelist Lindsey Davis. The association celebrated its centenary in 2003 by publishing a book, The Classical Association: the First Century 1903-2003, edited by Dr Christopher Stray; this includes a history of the association and studies of various aspects of its activities over the century, including an account of the Classical Association of Scotland.
Following the merger of the Joint Association of Classical Teachers into the Classical Association in 2015, the Classical Association took over publication of JACT's journals, the Journal of Classics Teaching (which went online only) and Omnibus.