Classification of Indian cities

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The classification of Indian cities is a ranking system used by the Government of India to allocate House Rent Allowance (HRA) to public servants employed in different cities in India. HRA is also used by the Indian Revenue Service (IRS) to provide income tax exemptions. Cities are classified on the basis of their population, as recommended by the Sixth Central Pay Finance.[1] Before the Sixth Central Pay Commission, the classification of cities in India was based on two parameters

Current classification[edit]

Under the recommendation of the Sixth Central Pay Commission, the CCA classification was abolished in 2008. The earlier HRA classification of cities was changed from A-1 to X; A, B-1, and B-2 to Y; and C and unclassified cities to Z.[2][3][4] X, Y, and Z are more commonly known as Tier-1, Tier-2, and Tier-3 cities, respectively.

On the basis of the 2011 census, 2 cities—Pune, Ahmedabad — were upgraded from Y to X and 21 cities from Z to Y on 1 April 2014.[2][5][6]

HRA classification City
X Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Mumbai, Ahmedabad, Pune

Agra, Ajmer, Aligarh, Amravati, Amritsar, Asansol, Aurangabad, Bareilly, Belgaum, Bhavnagar, Bhiwandi, Bhopal, Bhubaneswar, Bikaner, Bilaspur, Bokaro Steel City, Chandigarh, Coimbatore Nagpur, Cuttack, Dehradun, Dhanbad, Bhilai, Durgapur, Erode, Faridabad, Firozabad, Ghaziabad, Gorakhpur, Gulbarga, Guntur, Gwalior, Gurgaon, Guwahati, Hubli–Dharwad, Hamirpur, Indore, Jabalpur, Jaipur, Jalandhar, Jammu, Jamnagar, Jamshedpur, Jhansi, Jodhpur, Kakinada, Kannur, Kanpur, Kochi, Kottayam, Kolhapur, Kollam, Kozhikode, Kurnool, Ludhiana, Lucknow, Madurai, Malappuram, Mathura, Goa, Mangalore, Meerut, Moradabad, Mysore, Nanded, Nashik, Nellore, Noida, Palakkad, Patna, Perinthalmanna, Pondicherry, Purulia Allahabad, Raipur, Rajkot, Rajahmundry, Ranchi, Rourkela, Salem, Sangli,Shimla,Siliguri, Solapur, Srinagar, Thiruvananthapuram, Thrissur, Tiruchirappalli, Tirur, Tirupati, Tirunelveli, Tiruppur, Tiruvannamalai, Ujjain, Bijapur, Vadodara, Varanasi, Vasai-Virar City, Vijayawada, Vellore, Warangal, Surat and Visakhapatnam

Z All other cities

Historical classification[edit]

The cities were classified as follows before the Sixth Central Pay Commission's recommendations were followed in 2008.[7] This classification was initially based on the recommendations of the Fifth Central Pay Commission of India in 1997.[7] Chennai, New Delhi, Kolkata and Mumbai were classified as A-1 cities.[8] City statuses were later revised based on the results of the 2001 Census of India.[7] Hyderabad was accorded the A1 status on 31 August 2007, and Bangalore on 21 September 2007.[8] CCA classification was abolished in 2008.

CCA classification HRA classification City
A-1 A-1 Mumbai
A-1 A-1 Delhi
A-1 A-1 Kolkata
A-1 A-1 Chennai
A-1 A-1[8] Bangalore
A-1 A-1[9] Hyderabad
A A Ahmedabad
A A Surat
A A Pune
A A Kanpur
A A Indore
A A Jaipur
A A Vadodara
A A Nagpur
A A Lucknow
A A Patna
A A Vishakapatnam
A A Bhopal
A A Gwalior
A A Jabalpur
A A Aurangabad
A A Gandhinagar
B-1 B-1 Madurai[7]
B-1 B-1 Aligarh
B-1 B-1 Kochi
B-1 B-1 Coimbatore[7]
B-1 B-1 Vijayawada
B-1 B-1 Tiruchirapalli
B-1 B-1 Nashik
B-1 B-1 Rajkot
B-1 B-1 Solapur
B-1 B-1 Anand
B-1 B-1 Ludhiana
B-1 B-1 Agra
B-1 B-1 Meerut
B-1 B-2 Thiruvananthapuram
B-1 B-2 Kozhikode
B-1 B-2 Faridabad
B-1 B-2 Varanasi
B-1 B-2 Jamshedpur
B-1 B-2 Allahabad
B-1 B-2 Amritsar
B-1 C Dhanbad
B-2 B-2 Gorakhpur
B-2 B-2 Hubli-Dharwad
B-2 B-2 Bhavnagar
B-2 B-2 Raipur
B-2 B-2 Mysore
B-2 B-2 Thrissur
B-2 B-2 Mangalore
B-2 B-2 Guntur
B-2 B-2 Bhubaneswar
B-2 B-2 Amravati
B-2 B-2 Srinagar
B-2 B-2 Bhilai
B-2 B-2 Warangal
B-2 B-2 Tirunelveli
B-2 B-2 Nellore
B-2 B-2 Ranchi
B-2 B-2 Guwahati
B-2 B-2 Aurangabad
B-2 B-2 Chandigarh
B-2 B-2 Patiala
B-2 B-2 Jodhpur
B-2 B-2 Pondicherry
B-2 B-2 Salem
B-2 C Dehradun
B-2 C Hajipur
B-2 C Kollam
B-2 C Sangli
B-2 C Jamnagar
B-2 C Jammu
B-2 C Kurnool
B-2 C Roorkee
B-2 C Vellore
B-2 C Kannur
B-2 C Tiruvannamalai
B-2 C Etawah

Population-based classification[edit]

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) classifies centres into six tiers based on population.[10] The tables below show the classification.

Classification of centres (tier-wise)
Population classification Population (2001 Census)
Tier-1 100,000 and above
Tier-2 50,000 to 99,999
Tier-3 20,000 to 49,999
Tier-4 10,000 to 19,999
Tier-5 5,000 to 9,999
Tier-6 less than 5000
Population-group wise classification of centres
Population classification Population (2001 Census)
Rural centre up to 9,999
Semi-urban centre 10,000 to 99,999
Urban centre 100,000 to 999,999
Metropolitan centre 1,000,000 and above

See also[edit]


  1. ^ accessdate=13 January 2013[clarification needed]
  2. ^ a b "Sixth Central Pay Commission Classification of Cities" (PDF). Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pension. Archived from the original (PDF) on 13 December 2016. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
  3. ^ "Recommendations of the Sixth Central Pay Commission – Decision of Government relating to grant of Dearness Allowance to Central Government servants" (PDF). Ministry of Finance Department of Expenditure. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
  4. ^ "THE ALL INDIA SERVICES (HOUSE RENT ALLOWANCE) RULES,". Chhattisgarh State Government. Archived from the original on 11 August 2014. Retrieved 26 March 2014.
  5. ^ "Government upgrades 29 cities, towns for HRA, transport allowance | Latest News & Updates at Daily News & Analysis". Retrieved 12 June 2015.
  6. ^ "Revised List of Classification Cities for HRA of central government employees". Govt. Employees India. Retrieved 12 June 2015.
  7. ^ a b c d e "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 29 December 2009. Retrieved 12 February 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ a b c Reporter, B. S. (25 September 2007). "Bangalore gets A1 status" – via Business Standard.
  9. ^ Upgradation of Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation as A-1 class city for the purpose of House Rent Allowance/Compensatory (City) Allowance" Archived 8 April 2008 at the Wayback Machine. Department of Expenditure. Ministry of Finance. 10 October. 2007
  10. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 11 August 2014. Retrieved 30 July 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)