Clathrina

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Clathrina
Clathrina clathrus.jpg
Clathrina clathrus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Porifera
Class: Calcarea
Subclass: Calcinea
Order: Clathrinida
Family: Clathrinidae
Genus: Clathrina
Gray, 1867[1]
Species

See text.

Synonyms
  • Ascetta Haeckel, 1872
  • Nardoa Schmidt, 1862 (non Gray, 1840)
  • Proscyum Haeckel, 1870

Clathrina is a genus of calcareous sponge in the family Clathrinidae. Several species formerly in Clathrina were transferred to the newly erected genera Arthuria, Ernstia, Borojevia, and Brattegardia in 2013.[2] The name is derived from the Latin word "clathratus" meaning "latticed".

Description[edit]

Calcinea in which the cormus comprises anastomosed tubes. A stalk may be present. The skeleton contains regular (equiangular and equiradiate) and/or parasagittal triactines, to which diactines and tripods may be added. Asconoid aquiferous system.[3]

Species[edit]

There are over 40 species assigned to Clathrina as of 2013.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b van Soest, R. (2014). R. W. M. Van Soest, N. Boury-Esnault, J. N. A. Hooper, K. Rützler, N. J. de Voogd, B. Alvarez de Glasby, E. Hajdu, A. B. Pisera, R. Manconi, C. Schoenberg, D. Janussen, K. R. Tabachnick, M. Klautau, B. Picton, M. Kelly & J. Vacelet, eds. "Clathrina Gray, 1867". World Porifera database. World Register of Marine Species. Retrieved 13 Apr 2014. 
  2. ^ Klautau, Michelle; Azevedo, Fernanda; Cóndor-Luján, Báslavi; Rapp, Hans Tore; Collins, Allen; Russo, Claudia Augusta de Moraes (2013). "A Molecular Phylogeny for the Order Clathrinida Rekindles and Refines Haeckel's Taxonomic Proposal for Calcareous Sponges" (PDF). Integrative and Comparative Biology. 53 (3): 447–461. doi:10.1093/icb/ict039. PMID 23704365. (subscription required (help)). 
  3. ^ Klautau, M.; Azevedo, F.; Condor-Lujan, B.; Rapp, H. T.; Collins, A.; Russo, C. A. d. M. (23 May 2013). "A Molecular Phylogeny for the Order Clathrinida Rekindles and Refines Haeckel's Taxonomic Proposal for Calcareous Sponges". Integrative and Comparative Biology. 53 (3): 447–461. doi:10.1093/icb/ict039. PMID 23704365.