Claud Hamilton, 2nd Baron Hamilton of Strabane
Claud Hamilton, 2nd Baron Hamilton of Strabane (c. 1605 – 1638) was the founder of the Strabane branch of the Hamiltons. He died relatively young at about 32 and his wife, Jean Gordon, married Phelim O'Neill, one of the leaders of the 1641 rebellion, after his death.
Birth and origins
Claud Hamilton was born about 1605, probably in Paisley, Scotland. He was one of the eight or nine siblings, and the second of the five sons, of James Hamilton and his wife Marion Boyd. His father had been created Lord Abercorn by James VI and I in 1603. His paternal grandfather was Claud Hamilton, 1st Lord of Paisley. His mother was a daughter of Thomas Boyd, 6th Lord Boyd of Kilmarnock.
He appears below among his brothers as the second son:
- James (died 1670), who became the 2nd Earl of Abercorn;
- Claud (c. 1605 – 1638), the subject of this article;
- William (died 1681), who became Baronet Hamilton of Westport, and represented Henrietta Maria at the pope;
- George (c. 1607 – 1679), who became Baronet Hamilton of Donalong;[a] and
- Alexander (died before 1669), who became the founder of the German branch of the Hamiltons.
His sisters were:[b]
- Anne (1592–1620), who married Hugh, 5th Lord Sempill in 1611;
- Margaret; and
- Lucy, who died unmarried.
His father had been a Protestant, but his mother, Marion Boyd, was a recusant, who brought him, like all his siblings, up as a Catholic. His uncle George of Greenlaw pushed in the same direction. He matriculated at the University of Glasgow in 1621 but does not seem to have obtained a degree.
His father, Lord Abercorn, around the time of his birth was advanced to Earl Abercorn in 1606.
When his father died in 1618, his eldest brother inherited his father's Scottish estates, but the Irish estates had been settled on him and his younger brothers in his father's will. His was the lion's share of these estates: the Strabane estate and the castle that his father had built there.
His father had also wanted him to inherit the Irish title as Baron Hamilton of Strabane to go with the Strabane estate. However, this proved difficult because of the title's ordinary primogeniture succession. The eldest brother therefore obligatorily inherited the title in 1618 and then resigned it, so that the title could be regranted to his younger brother by the crown. This took time and was only to happen in 1633.
His father predeceased his grandfather, who still was Lord of Paisley and held the lands of the former Scottish abbey, which his eldest brother eventually inherited in 1621.
In May 1628 his servant Claud Algeo was suspected to be a Catholic and was served with a convocation to appear at the presbytery of Paisley by Ramsay, an officer of the Church of Scotland. However, Algeo assaulted Ramsay and Claud Hamilton supported him. Claud was briefly jailed in June 1628 in Edinburgh Castle for abetting his servant in an assault and ordered to pay £40 to Ramsay. Claud Algeo fled to his master's Irish estates.
Lord Strabane by regrant
In 1633, his elder brother, James, the 2nd Earl of Abercorn in Scotland and the 1st Baron Hamilton of Strabane in Ireland, resigned his Irish title to the crown, which regranted it to Claud on 14 August 1634, with the original precedence. He thereby became the 2nd Baron Hamilton of Strabane. His brother also gave to him the family's large estates around Strabane in County Tyrone.
Marriage and children
They had four children:
- Catherine (d. 1670/1), who married James Hamilton of Manorhamilton, the eldest brother of Gustavus Hamilton, 1st Viscount Boyne and two other husbands afterwards;
- Cecilia, who married Richard Perkins of Lifford.
- James (c. 1633 – 1655), who became the 3rd Baron Hamilton of Strabane;
- George (1636/7 – 1668), who became the 4th Baron Hamilton of Strabane;
He died on 14 June 1638, probably at the Castle of Strabane, and was buried at Leckpatrick, Strabane, County Tyrone. He was only in his thirties. His eldest son, James, succeeded him at the age of five as the 3rd Baron Hamilton of Strabane. His widow married Phelim O'Neill in November 1649.
|As the birth date is uncertain, so are the ages.|
|13||1618/19, 23 Mar.[c]||Father dies and he inherits Strabane.|
|27||1632, 28 Nov.||Marries Jean Gordon.|
|28||1633||Made 2nd Baron Hamilton of Strabane by regrant.|
|33||1638, 14 Jun.||Dies and is buried at Leckpatrick.|
Notes and references
- The baronetcy is in the baronetage of Ireland according to Millar (1890) and to Burke, 31st (1869) but in the baronetage of Scotland according to Burke, 99th (1949) edition of Burke's Peerage.
- There were four sisters according to Millar (1890)
- The dual year shows that this Julian date falls into the next year when the start of the year is adjusted from 25 March to 1 January. See Old Style and New Style dates.
- Cokayne 1910, p. 4: "Tabular pedigree of the Earls of Abercorn"
- Burke 1869, p. 2, right column, lines 57The list starts with James, 2nd Earl, and ends with Lucy on page 3, left column, line 39. It is interrupted by the indented list of Sir George's children.
- Millar 1890, p. 177, left column, line 23"... by whom [Marion] he had five sons and four daughters."
- Millar 1890, p. 177, left column, line 22"Abercorn married Marion, eldest daughter of Thomas, fifth Lord Boyd, ..."
- Cokayne 1910, p. 2, line 8"On 5 Apr. 1603 he was cr. LORD ABERCORN, co. Linlithgow [S.], to him and his heirs whatsoever."
- Burke 1869, p. 2, right column: "He m. Marion eldest dau. of Thomas, 5th Lord Boyd, and dying vita patris, 16 March 1617, left issue,"
- Millar 1890, p. 177, line 32: "Sir William, the third son, represented Henrietta Maria, when queen dowager, at the papal court."
- Burke 1869, p. 2, right column, line 80: "William (Sir), m. Jane dau. of Alexander Colquhoun, Laird of Luss, and widow of Alan, Lord Cathcart, but left no issue."
- Paul 1904, p. 47: "Sir William died at South Shields, 25 June 1681"
- Millar 1890, p. 177, left column, line 48: "On the Restoration he returned to England, was created a baronet of Ireland in 1660, and received other grants from Charles II in recompense for his services."
- Burke 1949, p. 3, right column, line 1: "George (Sir) of Donalong, co. Tyrone, and Nenagh, co. Tipperary, created a baronet of Scotland, about 1660;"
- Paul 1910, p. 555: "He [Hugh Sempill] married in 1611 (...) first Anne Hamilton, eldest daughter of James, 1st Earl of Abercorn."
- Wasser 2004, p. 838: "... was raised, along with his siblings, by his uncle, Sir George Hamilton of Greenlaw, who converted them to Roman Catholicism."
- Cokayne 1910, p. 2, line 11: "On 10 July 1606 he was cr. EARL OF ABERCORN, LORD PAISLEY, HAMILTON, MOUNTCASTELL, and KILPATRICK [S.], to him and his heirs male whatever."
- Paul 1904, p. 47, line 5: "... he [James Hamilton] died in the parish of Monkton, a month after, in the life of his father, 23 March 1618, aged forty-three, and was buried 29 April following in the abbey church in Paisley."
- Paul 1904, p. 48: "As the Irish estates were provided to his [the 2nd Earl's] younger brothers by the will of their father, he resigned ..."
- Metcalfe 1909, p. 239: "After twelve days' warding, Hamilton was released in order that he might attend to the affairs of his brother, the Earl of Abercorn, in Paisley and the west, on condition that he paid £40 to Ramsay for the assault."
- Brown 1900, p. 327: "Complaint by James, Archbishop of Glasgow, the moderator and the brethren of the presbytery of Paysley for their interest and by George Ramsey, kirk officer ..."
- Paul 1904, p. 50, line 8: "He married, 28 November 1632, Lady Jean Gordon, fourth daughter of George, first Marquess of Huntly, by Lady Henrietta Stuart, daughter of Esme, first Duke of Lennox;"
- Paul 1904, p. 50, line 18: "Catherine, married first, in 1647, to her cousin ..."
- Burke 1869, p. 2, right column, line 65: "... two daus. Catherine, m. 1st to James Hamilton Esq. ..."
- Paul 1904, p. 50, line 24: "Cecilia, married to Richard Perkins ..."
- Paul 1904, p. 50, line 7: "Dying 14 June 1638, he [Claude Hamilton] was buried in the church of Leckpatrick, County Tyrone."
- Webb 1878, p. 417, line 48: "In November 1649 he [Felim] married Lady Jane Gordon a daughter of the Marquis of Huntly and the widow of Lord Strabane."
- Brown, Peter Hume, ed. (1900), Register of the Privy Council of Scotland, 2nd series, 2, Edinburgh: H. M. General Register House - 1627–1628
- Burke, Bernard (1869), A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire (31st ed.), London: Harrison
- Burke, Bernard (1949), A Genealogical and Heraldic Dictionary of the Peerage and Baronetage of the British Empire (99th ed.), London: Burke's Peerage Ltd.
- Cokayne, George Edward (1892), The complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant, 4: G to K (1st ed.), London: George Bell and Sons - (for Hamilton of Strabane)
- Cokayne, George Edward (1910), Gibbs, Vicary (ed.), The complete peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, extant, extinct, or dormant, 1 (2nd ed.), London: St Catherine Press - AB-ADAM to BASING (for Abercorn)
- Metcalfe, W. M. (1909), A History of Paisley, Paisley: Alexander Gardner
- Millar, Alexander Hastie (1890), "HAMILTON, JAMES, first EARL OF ABERCORN (d.1617)", in Lee, Sidney (ed.), Dictionary of National Biography, 24, New York: MacMillan and Co., pp. 176–177
- Paul, James Balfour (1904), The Scots Peerage, 1, Edinburgh: David Douglas – Abercorn–Balmerino (for Abercorn)
- Paul, James Balfour (1910), The Scots Peerage, 7, Edinburgh: David Douglas – Panmure to Sinclair (for Sempill)
- Webb, Alfred (1878), "O'Neill, Sir Felim", Compendium of Irish Biography, Dublin: M. H. Gill & Son, pp. 416–418
- Wasser, Michael (2004), "Hamilton, James, first earl of Abercorn (1575–1618)", in Matthew, Colin; Harrison, Brian (eds.), Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, 24, New York: Oxford University Press, pp. 837–838, ISBN 978-0198614111
|Peerage of Ireland|
| Baron Hamilton of Strabane