Claude Bowes-Lyon, 13th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne
Personal details
Born
Claude George Lyon-Bowes

(1824-07-21)21 July 1824
Redbourn, Hertfordshire, England
Died16 February 1904(1904-02-16) (aged 79)
Bordighera, Liguria, Italy
Spouse
(m. 1853)
Children11
Parents

Claude Bowes-Lyon, 13th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne (21 July 1824 – 16 February 1904), styled The Honourable Claude Bowes-Lyon from 1847 to 1865, was a British peer. He was the 13th holder of the Earldom of Strathmore and Kinghorne, the paternal grandfather of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother, a great-grandfather of Elizabeth II, and great-great-grandfather of Charles III.

Life[edit]

Claude Lyon-Bowes was born in Redbourn, Hertfordshire. He was the second surviving son of Thomas George Lyon-Bowes, Lord Glamis (son of the 11th Earl), and his wife Charlotte Grimstead. His paternal grandparents were Thomas Lyon-Bowes, 11th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, and his first wife, Mary Elizabeth Louisa Rodney Carpenter. His maternal grandparents were Joseph Valentine Grimstead, of Ewood Park and Merry Hall, Ashtead, Surrey,[1] and his wife Charlotte Jane Sarah Walsh. Born Claude Lyon-Bowes, he altered the family name to Bowes-Lyon.[2]

Bowes-Lyon also played cricket,[3] making four appearances in first-class cricket, appearing three times for the Marylebone Cricket Club between 1843 and 1846, and once for the Gentlemen of England in 1846.[4] In 1865 he succeeded his elder brother Thomas. The Canadian Pacific Railway named Strathmore, Alberta in his honour in 1884.[5] In 1887 he was created Baron Bowes, of Streatlam Castle and Lunedale, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. He was a Scottish representative peer from 1870 until 1892, and Lord Lieutenant of Angus from 1874 until his death.

The Earl died in Bordighera, the Italian Riviera, in his Villa Etelinda, so named for the opera composed by his daughter Lady Mildred Marion. The villa was later sold to the Italian royal family.

Marriage and family[edit]

On 28 September 1853, Claude married Frances Dora Smith (29 July 1832 – 5 February 1922). They had 11 children:[6][7]

  • Claude Bowes-Lyon, 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne (14 March 1855 – 7 November 1944), the father of Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother and grandfather of Queen Elizabeth II. He married Cecilia Cavendish-Bentinck (11 September 1862 – 23 June 1938) on 16 July 1881. They had 10 children.
  • Francis Bowes-Lyon (23 February 1856 – 18 February 1948), married Lady Anne Lindsay (24 December 1858 – 15 December 1936) on 23 November 1883. They had 7 children, including Lilian Bowes Lyon.
  • Ernest Bowes-Lyon (4 August 1858 – 27 December 1891), married Isobel Hester Drummond (21 May 1860 – 15 July 1945) on 23 August 1882. They had 6 children, including Ernestine Bowes-Lyon.
  • Herbert Bowes-Lyon (15 August 1860 – 14 April 1897), never married.
  • Patrick Bowes-Lyon (5 March 1863 – 5 October 1946), a major of the British Army and a tennis player. He married Alice Wiltshire (1867 – 1 March 1953) on 9 August 1893. They had 4 children.
  • Lady Constance Frances Bowes-Lyon (8 October 1865 – 19 November 1951), married Robert Blackburn (27 April 1864 – 21 March 1944) on 21 December 1893. They had 4 children.
  • Kenneth Bowes-Lyon (26 April 1867 – 9 January 1911), never married.
  • Lady Mildred Marion Bowes-Lyon (1868 – 9 June 1897), a music composer, famous for Etelinda (an opera premiered in Florence in 1894). She married Augustus Jessup (20 June 1861 – 16 October 1925) on 1 July 1890. They had 2 children.
  • Lady Maud Agnes Bowes-Lyon (12 June 1870 – 28 February 1941), never married.
  • Lady Evelyn Mary Bowes-Lyon (16 July 1872 – 15 March 1876), died in infancy.
  • Maj. Malcolm Bowes-Lyon (23 April 1874 – 23 August 1957), a lieutenant colonel of the British Army. He married Winifred Gurdon-Rebow (10 October 1876 – 30 May 1957) on 28 September 1907. They had a daughter.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bouchard, Brian (January 2013). "The curious case of Joseph Valentine Grimstead. A man of substance and principle". Epsom & Ewell History Explorer. Retrieved 10 November 2022.
  2. ^ Paul, James Balfour, Sir, 1846–1931, Scots peerage: founded on Wood's ed. of Sir Robert Douglas's Peerage of Scotland; containing an historical and genealogical account of the nobility of that kingdom, Volume 8, 1904
  3. ^ "Player profile: Claude Bowes-Lyon". CricketArchive. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  4. ^ "First-Class Matches played by Claude Bowes-Lyon". CricketArchive. Retrieved 1 August 2013.
  5. ^ Sanders, Harry Max (2003). The story behind Alberta names. Calgary: Red Deer Press. ISBN 978-0-88995-256-0.
  6. ^ Vickers, p.4
  7. ^ Debrett's Peerage and Titles of Courtesy. London, United Kingdom: Dean & Son. 1879. p. 583.
  8. ^ Anthony R. Wagner, "Some of the Sixty-four Ancestors of Her Majesty the Queen", The Genealogists' Magazine, 9(1940-46):7-13; Edward J. Davies, "Walsh of Redbourn", Genealogists’ Magazine, 30(2010–12):241-45.

External links[edit]

Honorary titles
Preceded by Lord Lieutenant of Angus
1874–1904
Succeeded by
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creation Baron Bowes
1887–1904
Succeeded by
Peerage of Scotland
Preceded by Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne
1865–1904
Succeeded by