|Born||December 20, 1738|
|Died||March 29, 1814(aged 75)|
|Known for||Sculpting, mainly terracotta|
|Spouse(s)||Flore Pajou (1781–1794)|
He was born in Nancy to Anne Adam and Thomas Michel, an undistinguished sculptor. Anne was the sister of sculptors Lambert-Sigisbert Adam and Francois Gaspard Adam. In Nancy and probably in Lille he spent the earlier years of his life. In 1755 he came to Paris and entered the workshop of his maternal uncle Lambert-Sigisbert Adam, an established sculptor. He remained four years in this workshop, and on his death became a pupil of Jean-Baptiste Pigalle. In 1759 he obtained the grand prize for sculpture at the Académie Royale. In 1761 he obtained the first silver medal for studies from models. In 1762 he went to Rome, where his activity was considerable between 1767 and 1771.
Catherine II of Russia was eager to secure his presence in St Petersburg, but he returned to Paris. Among his patrons, which were very numerous, were the chapter of Rouen, the states of Languedoc, and the Direction generale. His works were frequently exhibited at the Salon. In 1782 he married Catherine Flore, a daughter of the sculptor Augustin Pajou, who subsequently obtained a divorce from him. The agitation caused by the French Revolution drove Clodion in 1792 to Nancy, where he remained until 1798, his energies being spent in the decoration of houses.
Among Clodion's works are a statue of Montesquieu, a Dying Cleopatra, and a chimneypiece at present in the Victoria and Albert Museum in London. His 1788 work Dance of Time is in the Frick Collection in New York. Another known sculpture is called "The Intoxication of Wine." One of his last groups represented Homer as a beggar being driven away by fishermen (1810). Clodion died in Paris, on the eve of the invasion of Paris by the forces of the Sixth Coalition.
Among the public collections holding works by Claude Michel are:
- Art Institute of Chicago
- Bowes Museum (County Durham, UK)
- Carnegie Museum of Art (Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania)
- Cleveland Museum of Art
- Courtauld Institute of Art (London)
- Currier Museum of Art (New Hampshire)
- Detroit Institute of Arts
- Fine Arts Museums of San Francisco
- Getty Museum (Los Angeles)
- Honolulu Museum of Art
- Kimbell Art Museum (Fort Worth, Texas)
- Kunstindeks Danmark
- Louvre (Paris)
- Metropolitan Museum of Art
- Musée Cognacq-Jay (Paris)
- Museum of Fine Arts, Boston
- Musée des beaux-arts de Bordeaux
- Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen (Rotterdam)
- National Museum of Art (Cluj-Napoca)
- National Gallery of Armenia
- National Gallery of Art (Washington D.C.)
- Norton Simon Museum (Pasadena, California)
- Philadelphia Museum of Art
- * Clodion's "The Intoxication of Wine" At the Met (NY). Retrieved 29 April 2018.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Michel, Claude". Encyclopædia Britannica. 18 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 362.
- Parker, James & Le Corbeiller, Clare (1979). A Guide to the Wrightsman Galleries at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. New York: The Metropolitan Museum of Art. ISBN 0-87099-186-8.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link) (see index, Clodion (Claude Michel): p. 127-128)
Media related to Clodion at Wikimedia Commons