Claude Poullart des Places
Poullart des Places
Des Places after his ordination as a priest
26 February 1679|
|Died||2 October 1709
|Resting place||Church of Saint-Étienne-du-Mont, Paris, France
|Known for||Founding the Congregation of the Holy Ghost|
Claude-François Poullart des Places, C.S.Sp. (26 February 1679 – 2 October 1709) was a French Catholic priest who founded the Holy Ghost Fathers (Congregation of the Holy Ghost) in 1703 at the age of 24. The decree opening his cause of canonization was promulgated on 1 October 1989, but has not yet proceeded to his beatification.
Claude des Places, was born on 26 February 1679 in Rennes, France, the son of a French aristocrat, François des Places, and his wife, Jeanne le Meneust. He was baptized the next day. His father was one of the wealthiest businessmen in the city and enjoyed considerable standing in the community as an attorney in the Breton Parliament. Claude's mother also belonged to the aristocracy and, prior to her marriage, served as governess to the family of the President of the Provincial Parliament.
His family moved twice in his childhood. Following a relocation to Saint-Sauveur-en-Rue, des Places entered the Jesuit Collège Saint-Thomas in October 1690. He studied further under the Jesuits at their college in Rennes and Caen from 1693 to 1695. Among his friends was Louis Grignion de Montfort. Des Places led a mischievous adolescence: he once narrowly missed his sister with a shot from their father's revolver—he thought it was unloaded—when she was annoying him as he studied a role for a school play. He was nearly killed himself during a hunting trip, and got into a roadside brawl in Nantes. He was a talented student, however, and was the valedictorian of his class. For his remarkable graduation dissertation he was invited to Versailles as a guest of France's royal family.
Des Places' life began to change when he became aware of the needs of the poor while studying law—he was soon moved to help the homeless boys and chimney sweeps by giving them money from his allowance. Though he graduated with his degree in law from Nantes in 1700, his growing involvement with the poor inspired the young des Places to give up his career. He left the university and entered the Jesuit seminary Lycée Louis-le-Grand in 1701. He received the tonsure on 15 August 1702.
Seeing that many of his fellow seminarians were struggling to meet their basic needs, des Places began to support a small group of them financially. Eventually, des Places joined them in the house that he had provided for them. Soon, a dozen of these students asked des Places to set up a formal community, so on Pentecost Sunday (27 May) of 1703, the group met in the Church of Saint Etienne-des-Grès to dedicate themselves to the Holy Spirit, under the special patronage of Mary. The society, which founded a new seminary—the Seminary of the Holy Spirit— had two aims: to support students on their way to the priesthood, and to serve the poor of rural France and in missions overseas. The formation process of the new society was uniquely modelled after that of religious institutes, rather than on that of clerical seminaries.
Des Places received minor orders on 6 June 1705, the same year his community moved to Rue Neuve-Saint-Étienne-du-Mont (Rue Rollin); he was ordained to the subdeaconate on 18 December 1706, and a deacon on 19 March 1707. On 17 December 1707, des Places was ordained at the age of 28. Two years later, Claude died of pleurisy at the age of 30 in 1709.
The decree for the cause for his canonization was promulgated on 1 October 1989. Further progress was made in 2005, when the postulator of des Place's cause presented the results of the diocesan inquiry to Rome. A decree of validity was signed on 24 May 2008. A decree of recognition of the heroic nature of des Place's virtues is expected.
- De Mare, Christian (1998). Aux racines de l'arbre spiritain (in French). Paris: Congrégation du Saint-Esprit. p. 422.
- Eschbach, Alphonse (1916). La vie et l'œuvre de Claude-François Poullart des Places: fondateur de la Société du Saint-Esprit (in French). Rome: Via Santa Chiara. p. 126.
- Jacquot, Émile (1998). Biografia de Cláudio Poullart des Places: fundador da Congregação do Espírito Santo (in Portuguese). Lisbon: Missionários do Espírito Santo. p. 15.
- Savoie, Jean (2008). Prier 15 jours avec Claude-François Poullart des Places (in French). Paris: Nouvelle Cite. p. 125.
- Seixas, Joaquín Ramos (1992). Claudio Poullart des Places (in Spanish). Madrid: Congregación del Espíritu Santo. p. 382.
- Troy, Michael J. (2005). Riches to rags: Claude Francis Poullart des Places. Toronto: Spiritans. p. 102.
- "Chronology of the life of Poullart des Places". bythewell.org. Spiritan Community of Taiwan. Retrieved 14 June 2010.
- Troy C.S.Sp, Michael. "Claude des Places", Spiritans, USA
- Troy, Michael (May 2003). "The Hands That Rocked the Cradle". Spiritan Missionary News. TransCanada Province of the Spiritans. Archived from the original on July 23, 2008. Retrieved June 14, 2010.
- Troy, Michael (February 2004). "An Exciting Role Model for Youth". Spiritan Missionary News. TransCanada Province of the Spiritans. Retrieved June 14, 2010.
- Campbell, Paul E. (February 1959). "The Spiritans". The Homiletic and Pastoral Review. Joseph F. Wagner. pp. 471–477. Retrieved June 14, 2010.
- Troy, Michael (August 2003). "Tomorrow's Labourers". Spiritan Missionary News. TransCanada Province of the Spiritans. Retrieved June 14, 2010.
- "The Spiritan story", congregation of the Holy Spirit, British Province
- "Current State of the Cause of Beatification of Claude Poullart des Places". St. Benedict the Abbot Catholic Church, Houston. Retrieved June 14, 2010.[dead link]
- Claude François Poullart des Places: Founder of the Spiritans (A detailed set of biographies of des Places from the Canadian Congregation of the Holy Spirit)
- Claude-François Poullart des Places (A biography from the French Spiritans) (in French)
- Claude-François Poullart des Places (Article from the Encyclopædia Britannica)
- "Claude Francis Poullart des Places", Spiritans, Rome
|Superior General of the
Congregation of the Holy Ghost