Claude Rains

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Claude Rains
Claude Rains in Now Voyager trailer.jpg
Rains in the trailer for Now, Voyager (1942)
Born William Claude Rains
(1889-11-10)10 November 1889
Camberwell, London, England, United Kingdom
Died 30 May 1967(1967-05-30) (aged 77)
Laconia, New Hampshire, U.S.
Alma mater Royal Academy of Dramatic Art
Occupation Actor
Years active 1901–1967
Spouse(s) Isabel Jeans (m. 1913; div. 1915)
Marie Hemingway (m. 1920; div. 1920)
Beatriz Thomas (m. 1924; div. 1935)
Frances Propper (m. 1935; div. 1956)
Agi Jambor (m. 1959; div. 1960)
Rosemary Clark Schrode (m. 1960; d. 1964)
Children Jessica Rains (b. 1938)
Parent(s) Fred Rains (father)
Emily Rains (nee Cox) (mother)

William Claude Rains (10 November 1889 – 30 May 1967) was an English film and stage actor whose career spanned 46 years. After his American film debut as Dr. Jack Griffin in The Invisible Man (1933) he appeared in classic films like The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938), Mr. Smith Goes to Washington (1939), The Wolf Man (1941), Casablanca and Kings Row (both 1942), Notorious (1946), and Lawrence of Arabia (1962).

He was a Tony Award winning actor and was a four-time nominee for the Best Supporting Actor Academy Award, but never won. Rains was considered to be "one of the screen's great character stars"[1] who was, according to the All-Movie Guide, "at his best when playing cultured villains".[2]

During his lengthy career he was greatly admired by many of his contemporaries such as Bette Davis, Vincent Sherman, Ronald Neame and Albert Dekker, all of whom became close family friends. Rains also inspired many younger actors such as John Gielgud, Charles Laughton and Richard Chamberlain.

Early life[edit]

William Claude Rains was born on 10 November 1889 in Camberwell, London. His parents were Emily Eliza (née Cox) and the stage actor Frederick William Rains.[3] He lived in the slums of London, and, in his own words, on "the wrong side of the river Thames"[4] Rains was one of 12 children, all but three dying of malnutrition when still infants. His mother took in boarders in order to support the family. According to his daughter, he grew up with "a very serious Cockney accent and a speech impediment"[5] which took the form of a stutter, which caused him to call himself "Willie Wains". His native accent was so strong that his daughter couldn't understand a word he said when he used it to sing old Cockney songs to her or purposely use it to playfully annoy her. Rains left school after the second grade to sell papers so that he could bring the pennies and halfpennies home for his mother. He sang in the Palm Street Church choir, which also brought him a few pence to take home.

Rains in his Captain's uniform during WWI.

Due to his father being an actor, the young Rains would spend time in theatres and was surrounded by actors and stagehands. It was here where he could watch actors up close as well as the day-to-day running of a theatre. Rains made his stage debut at the age of 10 in the play Sweet Nell of Old Drury[6] at the Haymarket Theatre, so that he could run around onstage as part of the production. He then slowly worked his way up in the theatre becoming a call boy (being the one telling actors when they were due on stage) at His Majesty's Theatre to later becoming prompter, stage manager, understudy and then from smaller parts with good reviews to larger, better parts.

A 23 year old Rains in one of his early theatre roles, 1912

Rains decided to first go to America in 1913 due to the opportunities that were being offered in the New York theatres, but with the outbreak of World War I the following year, he returned to England to serve in the London Scottish Regiment,[7] alongside fellow actors Basil Rathbone, Ronald Colman and Herbert Marshall. At one time, he was involved in a gas attack which resulted in his losing 90 percent of the vision in his right eye for the rest of his life.[8] By the end of the war, he had risen from the rank of Private to that of Captain.

After the war had ended, Rains remained in England, where he continued to develop his acting talents. These talents were recognised by Sir Herbert Beerbohm Tree, the founder of the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art. Tree told Rains that in order to succeed as an actor he would have to get rid of his Cockney accent and speech impediment. With this in mind, Tree paid for the elocution books and lessons that Rains needed to help him change his voice. Rains eventually shed his accent and speech impediment after practicing every day. His daughter, Jessica, when describing her father's voice said "The interesting thing to me was that he became a different person. He became a very elegant man, with a really extraordinary Mid-Atlantic accent. It was his voice, nobody else spoke like that, half American, half English and a little Cockney thrown in." Soon after he became recognised as one of the leading stage actors in London. Aged 29, he played the role of Clarkis in his one (and only) silent film, a British film titled Build Thy House (1920).

During his early years, Rains also taught at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Arts (RADA), where John Gielgud and Charles Laughton were some of his students. In an interview for Turner Classic Movies, Gielgud fondly remembered Rains: "I learnt a great deal about acting from this gentleman. Claude Rains was one of my teachers at RADA . In fact he was one of the best and most popular teachers there. He was extremely attractive and needless to say, all the girls in my class were hopelessly in love with him. He had piercing dark eyes and a beautifully throaty voice, although he had, like Marlene Dietrich, some trouble with the letter 'R'. He lacked inches and wore lifts to his shoes to increase his height. Stocky but handsome, Rains had broad shoulders and a mop of thick brown hair which he brushed over one eye. But by the time I first met him in the 1920s he was already much in demand as a character actor in London. I found him enormously helpful and encouraging to work with. I was always trying to copy him in my first years as an actor, until I decided to imitate Noël Coward instead."

Career[edit]

Rains began his career in London theatre, achieving success in the title role of John Drinkwater's play Ulysses S. Grant, the follow-up to the same playwright's Abraham Lincoln. He also portrayed Faulkland in Richard Brinsley Sheridan's The Rivals, presented at London's Lyric Theatre in 1925. Rains returned to New York in 1927 to appear in what would be nearly 20 Broadway roles. He moved to Broadway in the late 1920s to act in leading roles in such plays as George Bernard Shaw's The Apple Cart and the dramatisations of The Constant Nymph and Pearl S. Buck's novel The Good Earth (as a Chinese farmer).

Rains in Camel through the Eye's Needle on Broadway, New York, 1929

Although he had played the single supporting role in the silent, Build Thy House (1920),[1] Rains came relatively late to film acting and while working for the Theatre Guild, he was offered a screen test with Universal Pictures in 1932. His screen test for A Bill of Divorcement (1932) for a New York representative of RKO was a failure but, according to some accounts, led to him being cast in the title role of James Whale's The Invisible Man (1933) after his screen test and unique voice was inadvertently overheard from the next room.[5][9] His agent, Harold Freedman, hwas a family friend of Carl Laemmle, who controlled Universal Studios at the time, and Whale himself had been acquainted with Rains in London and was keen to cast him in the role.[10][11] According to Rains' daughter, this was the only of his films he ever saw. He also did not go to see the rushes of the day's filming "because he told me, everytime he went he was horrified by his huge face on the huge screen, that he just never went back again."

Rains signed a long term contract with Warner Bros. on 27 November 1935 with Warner able to exercise the right to loan him to other studios and Rains having a potential income of up to $750,000 over 7 years.[12] He played the villainous role of Prince John in The Adventures of Robin Hood (1938). Roddy McDowall once asked Rains if he had intentionally lampooned Bette Davis in his performance as Prince John, and Rains' only reply was "an enigmatic smile." Rains later revealed to his daughter that he'd enjoyed playing the prince as a homosexual, by using subtle mannerisms. Rains later credited the film's co-director Michael Curtiz with teaching him the more understated requirements of film acting, or "what not to do in front of a camera."[13] On loan to Columbia Pictures, he portrayed a corrupt U.S. senator in Mr. Smith Goes to Washington (1939) for which he received his first Academy Award nomination as Best Supporting Actor. For his home studio, Warner Bros, he played the murderer Dr. Alexander Tower in Kings Row (1942) and the cynical police chief Captain Renault in Casablanca (also 1942). On loan again, Rains played the title character in Universal's remake of Phantom of the Opera (1943).

In her 1987 memoir, This 'N That, Bette Davis revealed that Rains (with whom she shared the screen four times with in Juarez, Now, Voyager, Mr. Skeffington, and Deception) was her favorite co-star.[14] Rains became the first actor to receive a million-dollar salary, when he portrayed Julius Caesar in a large budget but unsuccessful version of Shaw's Caesar and Cleopatra (1945), filmed in Britain. Shaw apparently chose him for the part, although Rains intensely disliked Gabriel Pascal, the film's director and producer.[15] He followed it with Alfred Hitchcock's Notorious (1946) as a refugee Nazi agent opposite Cary Grant and Ingrid Bergman. Back in Britain, he appeared in David Lean's The Passionate Friends (1949).

Rains in Notorious (1946)

His only singing and dancing role was in a 1957 television musical version of Robert Browning's The Pied Piper of Hamelin, with Van Johnson as the Piper. The NBC colour special, broadcast as a film rather than a live or videotaped programme, was highly successful with the public. Sold into syndication after its first telecast, it was repeated annually by many local US TV stations.

Rains remained active as a character actor in the 1950s and 1960s, appearing in films and as a guest in television series. Two of his late screen roles were as Dryden, a cynical British diplomat in Lawrence of Arabia (1962) and King Herod in The Greatest Story Ever Told (1965), his last film. In CBS's Rawhide, he portrayed Alexander Langford, an attorney in a ghost town, in the episode "Incident of Judgement Day" (1963)

He additionally made several audio recordings, narrating some Bible stories for children on Capitol Records, and reciting Richard Strauss's setting for narrator and piano of Tennyson's poem Enoch Arden, with the piano solos performed by Glenn Gould. He starred in The Jeffersonian Heritage, a 1952 series of 13 half-hour radio programmes recorded by the National Association of Educational Broadcasters and syndicated for commercial broadcast on a sustaining (i.e., commercial-free) basis.[16]

Reception[edit]

Jessica Rains remembered her father's work ethic:

He was interested in the process (of film). He loved acting. When he came to California to do a film and I had to "hear him his lines" as he drove me to school every morning, 10 miles. He knew everybody's part. He knew the whole script before he came out (to film). I don't think many people did that.

Bette Davis in an interview with Dick Cavett said about Raines:

Well of course he petrified me, the first time I played with him was in Carlotta (Juarez), and I had to make an entrance [into] the King of France's domain for a rehearsal and he's playing the King of France (Napoleon III) in rehearsal. As all of us "other era people," we don't just run through lines and say "turn the camera", we rehearse beforehand...Anyway Claude and I couldn't and he was the King of France who loathed Carlotta and I was a kid and petrified of Mr Rains, so I thought he hated me, I didn't know he was playing the character. I thought he thinks I just stink! What am I going to do? Eventually we worked together quite a lot and became really great friends, really great friends.

Davis later went on to describe him: "Claude was witty, amusing and beautiful, really beautiful, thoroughly enchanting to be with and brilliant." She also praised his performances: "He was marvelous in Deception and was worth the whole thing as the picture wasn't terribly good, but he was so marvelous and the restaurant scene where he's talking about all the food...brilliant and of course in Skeffington he was absolutely brilliant as the husband, just brilliant."

When interviewed for Turner Classic Movies, Richard Chamberlain said,

Claude Rains has to be considered one of the finest actors of the 20th century. As soon as you hear that marvelous, unmistakable voice of honey mixed with gravel, he becomes instantly recognisable. And that scornful right eyebrow which could freeze an adversary faster than and more effectively than any physical threat. He stood at a mere 5'6", yet his enormous talent and immense stage presence made him a giant among his colleagues. During a stage and film career that spanned six decades, Rains encompassed some of the most memorable and exciting characters ever created by an actor. Villains were a Rains specialty, particularly those of a suave and sarcastic nature and yet when the role called for it; Rains could be remarkably moving and even add a touch of pathos without loosing any of his effectiveness.

Chamberlain worked with Rains in what would be his final film, Twilight of Honor. Rains played a retired lawyer acting as a mentor to Chamberlain's character:

Many years later, after Rains had gone to Hollywood and become a well-known film actor, John Gielgud is reputed to have commented, "He was a great influence on me. I don't know what happened to him. I think he failed and went to America."[17] However, Gielgud later went on to recollect a time when he was in New York and in the audience during an event that included a focus on Bette Davis.

A number of clips from many of her most successful films were shown and I was particularly delighted, when, as soon as Claude Rains appeared in the close-up of one of the clips, the whole audience burst into a great wave of applause.

Bette Davis often cited Rains as one of her favourite actors and colleagues. Gielgud commented that he once wrote that "The London stage suffered a great loss when Claude Rains deserted it for motion pictures", but he later went on to say, "but when I see him now on the screen and remember him, I must admit that the London stage's loss was the cinemas gain. And the striking virtuosity that I witnessed as a young actor is now there for audiences everywhere to see for all time. I'm so glad of that."

Personal life and death[edit]

Rains became a naturalized citizen of the United States in 1939. He married six times, and was divorced from the first five of his wives: Isabel Jeans (married 1913–1915); Marie Hemingway (to whom Rains was married for less than a year in 1920); Beatrix Thomson (1924–8 April 1935); Frances Propper (9 April 1935 – 1956); and the classical pianist Agi Jambor (4 November 1959 – 1960). In 1960, he married Rosemary Clark Schrode, to whom he was married until her death on 31 December 1964. His only child, Jennifer, was born on 24 January 1938, the daughter of Frances Propper. As an actress, she is known as Jessica Rains.[18]

He acquired the 380-acre (1.5 km2) Stock Grange Farm, built in 1747 in West Bradford Township, Pennsylvania (just outside Coatesville), in 1941, this became one of the "great prides" of his life.[19] Here, he became a "gentleman farmer" and could relax and enjoy farming life with his then wife (Francis) churning the butter, their daughter collecting the eggs with Rains himself, ploughing the fields and cultivating the vegetable garden. He spent much of his time between film takes reading up on agricultural techniques to try when he got home. He sold the farm when his marriage to Propper ended in 1956, the building now, as then, is still referred to by locals as "Rains' Place".[20] Rains spent his final years in Sandwich, New Hampshire.[21]

In his final years, Rains decided to write his memoirs and engaged the help of journalist Jonathan Root to assist him. Rains' declining health delayed their completion and with Root's death in March 1967 the project was never completed. Rains died from an abdominal haemorrhage in Laconia on 30 May 1967, aged 77, his daughter said "And, just like most actors, he died waiting for his agent to call."[22] He was buried at the Red Hill Cemetery in Moultonborough, New Hampshire. He designed his own tombstone which reads "All things once, Are things forever, Soul, once living, lives forever".

In 2010, many of Rains' personal effects were put into an auction at Heritage Auctions, including his 1951 Tony award, rare posters, letters and photographs. Also included in the auction were many volumes of his private leather bound scrapbooks which contained many of his press cuttings and reviews from the beginning of his career. The majority of the items were used to help David J. Skal write his book on Rains An Actor's Voice. In 2011, the ivory military suit (complete with medals) he wore as Captain Renault in Casablanca was put up for auction, when noted actress and film historian Debbie Reynolds sold her collection of Hollywood costumes and memorabilia which she had amassed as a result of the 1970 MGM auction.[23]

Awards and nominations[edit]

In 1951, Rains won a Tony Award for Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Play for Darkness at Noon as well as the Delia Austrian Medal for the same production. He was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor on four occasions: for Mr. Smith Goes to Washington (1939), Casablanca (1943), Mr. Skeffington (1944) and Notorious (1946). Rains was awarded a Star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, at 6400 Hollywood Boulevard on February 8, 1960.

In the television series Heroes the character portrayed by Christopher Eccleston does not reveal his real name and uses the alias 'Claude Rains' due to his ability to turn himself, any personal objects he touches, and other people invisible; his alias is an obvious homage to Rains who played The Invisible Man.

Filmography[edit]

Year Title Role Director Other cast members Notes
1920 Build Thy House Clarkis Goodwins, FredFred Goodwins Henry Ainley Film debut
1933 The Invisible Man Dr. Jack Griffin / The Invisible Man Whale, JamesJames Whale Gloria Stuart, Henry Travers, Una O'Connor
1934 Crime Without Passion Lee Gentry Hecht, BenBen Hecht, Charles MacArthur Margo, Whitney Bourne
1934 The Man Who Reclaimed His Head Paul Verin Ludwig, EdwardEdward Ludwig Lionel Atwill, Joan Bennett
1935 The Mystery of Edwin Drood John Jasper Walker, StuartStuart Walker Douglass Montgomery, Heather Angel, David Manners
1935 The Clairvoyant Maximus Elvey, MauriceMaurice Elvey Fay Wray
1935 The Last Outpost John Stevenson Gasnier, LouisLouis Gasnier, Charles Barton Cary Grant
1935 Scrooge Jacob Marley Henry Edwards Seymour Hicks, Donald Calthrop, Robert Cochran Uncredited
1936 Hearts Divided Napoleon Bonaparte Borzage, FrankFrank Borzage Marion Davies, Dick Powell, Charlie Ruggles, Edward Everett Horton
1936 Anthony Adverse Marquis Don Luis LeRoy, MervynMervyn LeRoy Fredric March, Olivia de Havilland, Gale Sondergaard
1937 Stolen Holiday Stefan Orloff Curtiz, MichaelMichael Curtiz Kay Francis, Ian Hunter
1937 The Prince and the Pauper Earl of Hertford Keighley, WilliamWilliam Keighley Errol Flynn, Billy and Bobby Mauch
1937 They Won't Forget Dist. Atty. Andrew J. "Andy" Griffin LeRoy, MervynMervyn LeRoy Gloria Dickson, Lana Turner
1938 White Banners Paul Ward Goulding, EdmundEdmund Goulding Fay Bainter, Jackie Cooper, Bonita Granville, Henry O'Neill, Kay Johnson
1938 Gold is Where You Find It Colonel Christopher "Chris" Ferris Curtiz, MichaelMichael Curtiz George Brent, Olivia de Havilland, Tim Holt Technicolor
1938 The Adventures of Robin Hood Prince John Curtiz, MichaelMichael Curtiz, William Keighley Errol Flynn, Olivia de Havilland, Basil Rathbone Technicolor
1938 Four Daughters Adam Lemp Curtiz, MichaelMichael Curtiz Rosemary, Lola, and Priscilla Lane, Gale Page, John Garfield
1939 They Made Me a Criminal Det. Monty Phelan Berkeley, BusbyBusby Berkeley John Garfield, Gloria Dickson, May Robson
1939 Juarez Emperor Louis Napoleon III Dieterle, WilliamWilliam Dieterle Paul Muni, Bette Davis, Brian Aherne, John Garfield
1939 Sons of Liberty Haym Salomon Curtiz, MichaelMichael Curtiz Gale Sondergaard Technicolor; two-reel short
1939 Daughters Courageous Jim Masters Curtiz, MichaelMichael Curtiz Rosemary, Lola, and Priscilla Lane, Gale Page, John Garfield
1939 Mr. Smith Goes to Washington Sen. Joseph Harrison Paine Capra, FrankFrank Capra Jean Arthur, James Stewart, Thomas Mitchell Nomination—Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
1939 Four Wives Adam Lemp Curtiz, MichaelMichael Curtiz Eddie Albert, Rosemary, Lola, and Priscilla Lane, Gale Page, John Garfield
1940 Saturday's Children Mr. Henry Halevy Sherman, VincentVincent Sherman John Garfield, Anne Shirley
1940 The Sea Hawk Don José Alvarez de Córdoba Curtiz, MichaelMichael Curtiz Errol Flynn, Brenda Marshall, Henry Daniell, Flora Robson, Alan Hale Sepia tone (sequence)
1940 Lady with Red Hair David Belasco Bernhardt, CurtisCurtis Bernhardt Miriam Hopkins, Laura Hope Crews
1941 Four Mothers Adam Lemp Keighley, WilliamWilliam Keighley Rosemary, Lola, and Priscilla Lane, Gale Page
1941 Here Comes Mr. Jordan Mr. Jordan Hall, AlexanderAlexander Hall Robert Montgomery, Evelyn Keyes, Edward Everett Horton
1941 The Wolf Man Sir John Talbot Waggner, GeorgeGeorge Waggner Lon Chaney, Jr., Evelyn Ankers, Patric Knowles, Ralph Bellamy, Warren William, Bela Lugosi, Maria Ouspenskaya
1942 Kings Row Dr. Alexander Tower Wood, SamSam Wood Ann Sheridan, Robert Cummings, Ronald Reagan, Betty Field, Charles Coburn
1942 Moontide Nutsy Mayo, ArchieArchie Mayo Jean Gabin, Ida Lupino, Thomas Mitchell
1942 Now, Voyager Dr. Jaquith Rapper, IrvingIrving Rapper Bette Davis, Paul Henreid, Gladys Cooper
1942 Casablanca Capt. Louis Renault Curtiz, MichaelMichael Curtiz Humphrey Bogart, Ingrid Bergman, Paul Henreid, Conrad Veidt, S.Z. Sakall, Sydney Greenstreet, Peter Lorre, Dooley Wilson Nomination—Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
1943 Forever and a Day Ambrose Pomfret Wilcox, HerbertHerbert Wilcox
(sequence with Rains)
Anna Neagle, Ray Milland, C. Aubrey Smith
1943 Phantom of the Opera Erique Claudin / The Phantom of the Opera Lubin, ArthurArthur Lubin Nelson Eddy, Susanna Foster Technicolor
1944 Passage to Marseille Captain Freycinet Curtiz, MichaelMichael Curtiz Humphrey Bogart, Michèle Morgan, Philip Dorn, Sydney Greenstreet, Peter Lorre, Helmut Dantine
1944 Mr. Skeffington Job Skeffington Sherman, VincentVincent Sherman Bette Davis, Walter Abel, George Coulouris, Richard Waring Nomination—Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
1945 This Love of Ours Joseph Targel Dieterle, WilliamWilliam Dieterle Merle Oberon
1945 Caesar and Cleopatra Julius Caesar Pascal, GabrielGabriel Pascal Vivien Leigh, Stewart Granger, Flora Robson Technicolor
1946 Strange Holiday John Stevenson Duvivier, JulienJulien Duvivier Jean Gabin, Richard Whorf, Allyn Joslyn, Ellen Drew
1946 Notorious Alex Sebastian Hitchcock, AlfredAlfred Hitchcock Cary Grant, Ingrid Bergman, Louis Calhern Nomination—Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor
1946 Angel on My Shoulder Nick Mayo, ArchieArchie Mayo Paul Muni, Anne Baxter
1946 Deception Alexander Hollenius Rapper, IrvingIrving Rapper Bette Davis, Paul Henreid
1947 The Unsuspected Victor Grandison Curtiz, MichaelMichael Curtiz Joan Caulfield, Audrey Totter, Constance Bennett, Hurd Hatfield
1949 The Passionate Friends Howard Justin Lean, DavidDavid Lean Ann Todd, Trevor Howard
1949 Rope of Sand Arthur "Fred" Martingale Dieterle, WilliamWilliam Dieterle Burt Lancaster, Paul Henreid, Peter Lorre
1949 Song of Surrender Elisha Hunt Leisen, MitchellMitchell Leisen Wanda Hendrix, Macdonald Carey
1950 The White Tower Paul DeLambre Tetzlaff, TedTed Tetzlaff Glenn Ford, Alida Valli, Oskar Homolka, Cedric Hardwicke, Lloyd Bridges Technicolor
1950 Where Danger Lives Frederick Lannington Farrow, JohnJohn Farrow Robert Mitchum, Faith Domergue, Maureen O'Sullivan
1951 Sealed Cargo Captain Skalder Werker, Alfred L.Alfred L. Werker Dana Andrews, Lloyd Bridges
1953 The Man Who Watched the Trains Go By Kees Popinga French, HaroldHarold French Märta Torén, Marius Goring Technicolor
1956 Lisbon Aristides Mavros Milland, RayRay Milland Ray Milland, Maureen O'Hara Trucolor
Naturama
1957 The Pied Piper of Hamelin The Mayor of Hamelin Windust, BretaigneBretaigne Windust Van Johnson, Lori Nelson Technicolor
1959 This Earth Is Mine Philippe Rambeau King, HenryHenry King Rock Hudson, Jean Simmons, Dorothy McGuire Technicolor
CinemaScope
1960 The Lost World Professor George Edward Challenger Allen, IrwinIrwin Allen Michael Rennie, Jill St. John, David Hedison, Fernando Lamas, Richard Haydn Deluxe color
CinemaScope
1961 Battle of the Worlds Professor Benson Margheriti, AntonioAntonio Margheriti Bill Carter Colour
1962 Lawrence of Arabia Mr. Dryden Lean, DavidDavid Lean Peter O'Toole, Alec Guinness, Jack Hawkins, Omar Sharif, Anthony Quinn, Anthony Quayle, Arthur Kennedy, José Ferrer Technicolor
Super Panavision 70
1963 Twilight of Honor Art Harper Sagal, BorisBoris Sagal Richard Chamberlain, Nick Adams, Joey Heatherton, Linda Evans
1965 The Greatest Story Ever Told Herod the Great Stevens, GeorgeGeorge Stevens Max von Sydow, plus many cameos Final film

Discography[edit]

Year Title Recording Company
1946 The Christmas Tree Mercury Childcraft Records
1948 Bible Stories for Children Capitol Records
194? David and Goliath Capitol Records
1950 Builders of America Columbia Masterworks
1960 Remember The Alamo Noble Records
1962 Enoch Arden Columbia Masterworks

Radio appearances[edit]

Year Programme Episode/source
1952 Cavalcade of America Three Words[24]

Notable theatre performances[edit]

Rains starred in multiple plays and productions over the course of his career, playing a variety of leading and supporting parts. As his film career began to flourish, he found less time to perform in the theatre in both England and America.

Year Play title Role Theatre Notes
1900 Sweet Nell of Old Drury Child Haymarket Theatre Stage debut, aged 10 as an "unbilled child extra "running around a fountain."
1901 Herod Child His Majesty's Theatre Unbilled
1904 Last of the Dandies Winkles His Majesty's Theatre Rains' debut speaking role in the theatre
1911 The Gods of the Mountain Thahn Haymarket Theatre Shared role with Reginald Owen
1913 The Green Cockatoo Grasset Aldwych Theatre Stage Manager as well
1919 Reparation Ivan Petrovitch St. James's Theatre Stage Manager as well
1919 Uncle Ned Mears Lyceum Theatre This supporting role marked Rains' return to the stage after being wounded in WWI
1920 Julius Caesar Casca St. James's Theatre Ernest Milton played Brutus
1925 The Rivals Faulkland Lyric Hammersmith According to John Gielgud, Rains' second wife Marie Hemingway joined the cast for a brief period, thereby bringing Rains' first 3 wives together in the same dressing room.
1926 The Government Inspector The Inspector Gaiety Theatre Professional debut of his RADA student, Charles Laughton
1926 Made in Heaven Martin Walmer Everyman Theatre, London This was Rains' last appearance on the London Stage.
1951 Darkness at Noon Rubashov Alvin Theatre/Royale Theatre Won Tony Award for Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Play
1954 The Confidential Clerk Sir Claude Mulhammer Morosco Theatre Rains' first wife, Isabel Jeans played the role of Lady Elizabeth Mulhammer in the 1953 Edinburgh premiere.
1956 Night of the Auk Doctor Bruner Playhouse Theatre Featuring Christopher Plummer

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b McFarlane, Brian. "Rains, Claude (1889-1967)". BFI screenoline. Retrieved 30 December 2015.  From McFarlane's Encyclopedia of British Film, London: Methuen/BFI, 2003, p.545
  2. ^ Erickson, Hal. "Claude Rains". The New York Times/All-Movie Guide. Retrieved 30 December 2015. 
  3. ^ "International Stars at War". google.com. 
  4. ^ Soistee pg. 1
  5. ^ a b Harmetz p. 147.
  6. ^ "The Sublime Claude Rains". meredy.com. Retrieved 12 May 2010. 
  7. ^ Default Admin User. "Welcome to The London Scottish Regiment Website". londonscottishregt.org. 
  8. ^ "Remembering Claude Rains". Den of Geek. 
  9. ^ Tom Weaver,, Michael Brunas, John Brunas Universal Horrors: The Studio's Classic Films, 1931-1946, Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2007. p.102
  10. ^ Skal and Rains Claude Rains: An Actor's Voice, p.48-9
  11. ^ Tom Weaver,, Michael Brunas, John Brunas Universal Horrors: The Studio's Classic Films, 1931-1946, p.79
  12. ^ David J. Skal, with Jessica Rains Claude Rains: An Actor's Voice, Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2008, p.61-62
  13. ^ Harmetz p. 190.
  14. ^ Davis and Herskowitz 1987, p. 26.
  15. ^ David Shipman The Great Movie Stars: 1, The Golden Years, London: Macdonald, 1989, p.487
  16. ^ "The Jeffersonian Heritage," Broadcasting-Telecasting, 8 September 1952, 36 (trade advertisement).
  17. ^ "John Gielgud - Quotes - IMDb". imdb.com. 
  18. ^ Skal and Rains, p.104
  19. ^ https://entertainment.ha.com/itm/movie-tv-memorabilia/photos/claude-rains-scrapbook-devoted-to-his-farm-stock-grange-total-12-items-/a/7006-49362.s
  20. ^ http://www.dailylocal.com/article/DL/20101114/NEWS/311149969
  21. ^ Duckler, Ray (31 March 2012). "A Star's Last Act: The great Claude Rains spent his final years in New Hampshire". Concord Monitor. Retrieved 13 September 2013. 
  22. ^ T. Soister, John (19 July 2017). Claude Rains: A Comprehensive Illustrated to His Work in Film, Stage, Radio, Television and Recordings. 
  23. ^ http://www.icollector.com/Claude-Rains-Captain-Louis-Renault-ivory-military-suit-from-Casablanca_i10657974
  24. ^ Kirby, Walter (February 17, 1952). "Better Radio Programs for the Week". The Decatur Daily Review. p. 40. Retrieved June 1, 2015 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication – free to read

Bibliography[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Claude Rains: An Actor's Voice, a biography by David J. Skal and Rains' daughter Jessica - published 2008.
  • Claude Rains: A Comprehensive Illustrated Reference to His Work in Film, Stage, Radio, Television and Recordings by John T. Soister and JoAnna Wioskowski - published 2006
  • The Life and Times of Claude Rains, a biography by Carmella Felice, published 2006. This book was panned by most critics and reviewers.

External links[edit]