Claudia López Hernández
Claudia López Hernández
|799th Mayor of Bogotá|
|Assumed office |
1 January 2020
|Preceded by||Enrique Peñalosa|
|Senator of Colombia|
20 July 2014 – 20 July 2018
Claudia Nayibe López Hernández
9 March 1970
|Political party||Green Alliance|
|Alma mater||Universidad Externado, Columbia University, Northwestern University|
|Occupation||Senator, political scientist|
Claudia Nayibe López Hernández (born 9 March 1970) is a Colombian politician. She was a Senator of the Republic of Colombia and was the vice-presidential candidate in the 2018 presidential election for the Green Alliance party. In October 2019, she was elected mayor of Bogotá, the first woman and as well the first openly LGBT person to be elected to this position.
Claudia Nayibe López Hernández, the daughter of Elías López Reyes and María del Carmen Hernández Ruiz, is the oldest of six siblings.
She graduated in Finance, Government, and International Relations from the Universidad Externado de Colombia. She has a master's degree in Public Administration and Urban Politics from Columbia University in New York, and a Ph.D. in Political Science from Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois.
She has been a consultant to the United Nations and has written for several media outlets in the country such as the Caracol Radio program Hora 20, the portal La Silla Vacía, the newspaper El Tiempo, and the magazine Semana.
As a researcher for the Arcoiris Corporation and the Electoral Observation Mission (Misión de Observación Electoral; MOE), López was recognized for her work on the atypical polls which were the starting point for uncovering the parapolitics scandal. Her critical views on the government of ex-president Álvaro Uribe and his political allies were equally contentious. Controversy was stirred by her public firing from El Tiempo in October 2009 due to an opinion column she published there which criticized the paper's coverage of certain news.
Senator of the Republic
In 2014, Claudia López was elected to the Senate with 81,125 votes as a candidate for the Green Alliance party.
On 27 December 2016, Senator López formally announced her intention to become president of Colombia in the 2018 elections, thus becoming the first pre-candidate of the Green Alliance party. Later, Antonio Navarro Wolff announced that he would also be presented as a pre-candidate. On 14 September 2017, the national congress of the Green Alliance was held to announce the results of a nationwide poll to elect the party's presidential candidate, with Claudia López winning.
Mayor of Bogota
On 27 October 2019, López was elected mayor of Bogota after leading a strong campaign against corruption  She was then sworn in on 1 January 2020 and became the city's first openly gay Mayor and the first woman elected for that position in Bogota. (Three women had previously held the position of Mayor of Bogotá, but they were all Acting Mayors who were filling in for elected mayors.)
Investigations into parapolitics
López began to gain notoriety after publishing a series of reports on anomalies in regional election processes on the Semana magazine website. These reports were part of a sequence of events that led to the uncovering of the parapolitics scandal in 2006. Her arguments and opinion columns were controversial and led to judicial problems, as in the case of the complaint filed against her by Antioquia governor Luis Alfredo Ramos for a column which pointed out that he obtained votes with the help of paramilitary groups. "Ramos could have been elected without the support of the paramilitaries and chose not to do so," she said. The journalist's allegations were confirmed on 28 August 2013 with the issuance of an arrest warrant against the ex-governor for links with paramilitary groups. Later the Supreme Court gave him his freedom due to a lack of evidence and for being the victim of an alleged network of false witnesses.
El Tiempo dismissal controversy
In an October 2009 incident which caused controversy and debate on freedom of expression and of the press in Colombia, López was publicly dismissed from the newspaper El Tiempo after her regular Tuesday column in which she criticized how the paper had covered information related to the Agro Ingreso Seguro scandal. According to López, members of the Santos family who were former owners and now shareholders of the newspaper tried to favor the candidacy of former minister and president Juan Manuel Santos. López also referred to the paper's interest in acquiring the country's so-called third private television channel. El Tiempo published the column, with a note appended that López's opinion was being interpreted as a letter of resignation, which was accepted immediately. At the same time it described the columnist's assertions as "false, malicious, and defamatory."
Denunciation of ex-president Samper
Claudia López stood out as a columnist for Semana, El Tiempo, and La Silla Vacía. Her investigations into parapolitics were published in the books Parapolítica: la ruta de la expansión paramilitar y los acuerdos políticos and Y refundaron la patria: de cómo mafiosos y políticos reconfiguraron el Estado colombiano. In mid-2016 she presented her vision on how to end the armed conflict with the FARC in her book ¡Adiós A Las Farc! ¿Y ahora qué?.
On 2 September 2014, an attorney sued Senator López for having a relationship with Representative Angélica Lozano Correa, because the law prohibits two Congress members who have a de facto marital union from being members of the same political party. However, López and Lozano have argued that this prohibition does not apply to them since they maintain an engagement and not a marital union. López and Lozano married in December 2019.
- "Claudia López". La Silla Vacía (in Spanish). 8 November 2010. Archived from the original on 1 September 2014. Retrieved 16 October 2017.
- "Elecciones de Congreso 2014" [2014 Congressional Elections]. Semana (in Spanish). Retrieved 16 October 2017.
- "Claudia López se lanza al ruedo presidencial" [Claudia López Throws Herself Into the Presidential Ring]. Semana (in Spanish). 27 December 2016. Retrieved 16 October 2017.
- "Claudia López, primera precandidata presidencial de la Alianza Verde" [Claudia López, First Presidential Pre-Candidate of the Green Alliance]. El Espectador (in Spanish). 27 December 2016. Retrieved 16 October 2017.
- "Claudia López es la candidata presidencial de los Verdes" [Claudia López is the Greens' Presidential Candidate]. Semana (in Spanish). 14 September 2017. Retrieved 16 October 2017.
- Molano Jimeno, Alfredo (14 September 2017). "Claudia López, candidata presidencial de la Alianza Verde" [Claudia López, Presidential Candidate of the Green Alliance]. El Espectador (in Spanish). Retrieved 16 October 2017.
- "López, Ramírez y Cristo, las movidas políticas de este jueves" [López, Ramírez, and Cristo, This Thursday's Political Moves]. El Tiempo (in Spanish). 14 September 2017. Retrieved 16 October 2017.
- "Colombia's capital of Bogota elects first woman and lesbian mayor". CBS News.
- "Claudia López's inauguration picnic outlines sustainable future for Bogotá". 2 January 2020.
- "Colombia capital's first lesbian mayor sworn in". January 2020.
- "Latin America's Left Slowly Regaining Power Throughout the Region".
- "BBC 100 Women 2020: Who is on the list this year?". BBC News. 23 November 2020. Retrieved 23 November 2020.
- Ardila Arrieta, Laura (24 May 2008). "¿Quién le teme a Claudia López?" [Who's Afraid of Claudia López?]. El Espectador (in Spanish). Retrieved 16 October 2017.
- "Corte Suprema ordenó captura de Luis Alfredo Ramos por parapolítica" [Supreme Court Orders Capture of Luis Alfredo Ramos for Parapolitics]. El Espectador (in Spanish). 28 August 2013. Retrieved 16 October 2017.
- "Corte Suprema ordena captura de Luis Alfredo Ramos por 'parapolítica'" [Supreme Court Orders Capture of Luis Alfredo Ramos for 'Parapolitics']. El Tiempo (in Spanish). 28 August 2013. Retrieved 16 October 2017.
- López, Claudia (13 October 2009). "Reflexiones sobre un escándalo" [Reflections on a Scandal]. El Tiempo (in Spanish). Retrieved 16 October 2017.
- Salazar, Hernando (14 October 2009). "Colombia: polémica por despido de columnista de El Tiempo" [Colombia: Controversy Over Dismissal of El Tiempo Columnist] (in Spanish). BBC Mundo. Retrieved 16 October 2017.
- "Columnista e investigadora Claudia López fue absuelta" [Columnist and Investigator Claudia López Was Acquitted]. Semana (in Spanish). 24 February 2011. Retrieved 16 October 2017.
- "'Que ésta vez la paz sí le cumpla a los Colombianos'" [This Time Peace Does Agree With the Colombians]. El Espectador (in Spanish). 29 April 2016. Retrieved 16 October 2017.
- "Alianza Verde rechaza ataque homofóbico a Claudia López y Angélica Lozano" [Green Alliance Rejects Homophobic Attack on Claudia López and Angélica Lozano] (in Spanish). Caracol Radio. 2 September 2014. Retrieved 16 October 2017.
- "Presentan demanda que busca invalidar la investidura de dos congresistas colombianas por ser pareja" [Suit Seeks To Invalidate the Investiture of Two Colombian Congress Members For Being a Couple] (in Spanish). NTN24. 2 September 2014. Archived from the original on 3 September 2014. Retrieved 16 October 2017.
- "Colombia: Bogotá's first female mayor marries same-sex partner". The Guardian. Associated Press. 17 December 2019. Retrieved 17 December 2019.