Claus Montonen

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Claus Montonen
Born1946[1]
NationalityFinnish
Alma mater
Known for
Scientific career
FieldsPhysics
InstitutionsUniversity of Paris-Sud[1]
CNRS[1]
CERN[1]
University of Helsinki[1]
Helsinki Institute of Physics[1]
ThesisTheory of Dual Resonance Models[2] (1973)

Claus Montonen (born 1946) is a Finnish theoretical physicist,[1] most known for his work with British physicist David Olive in proposing the Montonen–Olive duality.[3]

Life[edit]

Claus Montonen received his MSc from the University of Helsinki in 1968 and his PhD at the University of Cambridge in 1974,[1] where he was taught by David Olive before he left for CERN.[4] He held research fellowships at Orsay, CNRS and CERN. From 1974 he has held various research and teaching positions at the University of Helsinki and Helsinki Institute of Physics.

Publications[edit]

In 1977 while at CERN Montonen, together with Olive, made the remarkable conjecture that there should exist an electromagnetic dual theory in which the roles of magnetic monopoles and gauge bosons are interchanged. The Montonen-Olive duality was later found to emerge from a deeper web of dualities underlying M-theory, ushering in the second superstring revolution of the mid 1990s, through the work of Ed Witten[5] and others.[6]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Montonen, Claus; Olive, David (1977). "Magnetic monopoles as gauge particles?" (PDF). Physics Letters B. 72 (1): 117–120. Bibcode:1977PhLB...72..117M. doi:10.1016/0370-2693(77)90076-4. ISSN 0370-2693.
  • Montonen, Claus (12 April 2012). "Early string theory in Cambridge: personal recollections". In Cappelli, Andrea; Castellani, Elena; Colomo, Filippo; Di Vecchia, Paolo (eds.). The Birth of String Theory. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-19790-8.
  • Olive, D. (12 April 2012). "From Dual Fermion to Superstring". In Cappelli, Andrea; Castellani, Elena; Colomo, Filippo; Di Vecchia, Paolo (eds.). The Birth of String Theory. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-19790-8.
  • Swansea University (2012). "Professor David Olive Obituary". swansea.ac.uk. Swansea: Swansea University. Archived from the original on 2017-02-19.
  • Seiberg, N.; Witten, E. (1994). "Electric-magnetic duality, monopole condensation, and confinement in N=2 supersymmetric Yang-Mills theory". Nuclear Physics B. 426 (1): 19–52. arXiv:hep-th/9407087. Bibcode:1994NuPhB.426...19S. doi:10.1016/0550-3213(94)90124-4. ISSN 0550-3213.
  • Seiberg, N. (1995). "Electric-magnetic duality in supersymmetric non-Abelian gauge theories" (PDF). Nuclear Physics B. 435 (1–2): 129–146. arXiv:hep-th/9411149. Bibcode:1995NuPhB.435..129S. doi:10.1016/0550-3213(94)00023-8. ISSN 0550-3213.
  • Witten, E.; Olive, D. (1978). "Supersymmetry algebras that include topological charges". Physics Letters B. 78 (1): 97–101. Bibcode:1978PhLB...78...97W. doi:10.1016/0370-2693(78)90357-X. ISSN 0370-2693.

External links[edit]