Clausthal-Zellerfeld

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Clausthal-Zellerfeld
Church in 2005
Church in 2005
Coat of arms of Clausthal-Zellerfeld
Coat of arms
Clausthal-Zellerfeld is located in Germany
Clausthal-Zellerfeld
Clausthal-Zellerfeld
Location of Clausthal-Zellerfeld within Goslar district
Clausthal-Zellerfeld in GS.svg
Coordinates: 51°48′18″N 10°20′08″E / 51.80500°N 10.33556°E / 51.80500; 10.33556Coordinates: 51°48′18″N 10°20′08″E / 51.80500°N 10.33556°E / 51.80500; 10.33556
CountryGermany
StateLower Saxony
DistrictGoslar
Government
 • MayorWolfgang Mönkemeyer (CDU)
Area
 • Total43.71 km2 (16.88 sq mi)
Elevation560 m (1,840 ft)
Population (2017-12-31)[1]
 • Total15,563
 • Density360/km2 (920/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes38678
Dialling codes05323
Vehicle registrationGS, BRL, CLZ
Websitewww.samtgemeinde-
oberharz.de

Clausthal-Zellerfeld is a town in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is located in the southwestern part of the Harz mountains. Its population is approximately 15,000. Clausthal-Zellerfeld was the seat of the former Samtgemeinde ("collective municipality") Oberharz.

Geography[edit]

City districts[edit]

History[edit]

Clausthal-Zellerfeld originally consisted of two towns which were merged in 1924 to form an administrative unit. Clausthal is well known for the old Clausthal University of Technology and its magnificent buildings, while Zellerfeld is a typical tourist resort for hikers and winter sportsmen. Clausthal-Zellerfeld is the largest town in the area that is situated in the mountains rather than on the edge.

Mining in the area began in the 16th century. Modern wire rope was invented to service the iron mines in the 1830s by the German mining engineer Wilhelm Albert in the years between 1831 and 1834 for use in mining in the Harz Mountains in Clausthal. It was quickly accepted because it proved superior to ropes made of hemp or to metal chains, such as had been used before and soon found its way into diverse applications, including most notably, suspension bridges. The Innerste Valley Railway was inaugurated in 1877 and extended to Altenau in 1914. The large station building and 70 other buildings in the town were destroyed in an air raid on 7 October 1944.[2] 92 people lost their lives.

Mining activity halted in 1930 because the ore deposits were exhausted. Today, there are large remains of mines in the surrounding Harz region, some of which are now museums. The railway line was closed in 1976. The former railway station, which was rebuilt from 1961-1963 after being destroyed in 1944, houses the tourist information and the municipal library today.

The Clausthal University of Technology was established in 1775 for the education of mining engineers. Today, it is a technical university for teaching engineering.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
182111,757—    
184814,739+25.4%
187114,080−4.5%
188513,917−1.2%
190513,758−1.1%
192512,973−5.7%
193311,855−8.6%
193911,788−0.6%
194615,786+33.9%
195017,643+11.8%
195615,585−11.7%
196115,849+1.7%
196816,468+3.9%
197015,714−4.6%
197516,690+6.2%
198016,270−2.5%
198516,250−0.1%
199017,061+5.0%
199516,703−2.1%
200015,413−7.7%
200515,075−2.2%
201014,579−3.3%
201112,798−12.2%
201212,772−0.2%
201312,923+1.2%
Former railway station

Politics[edit]

Town council[edit]

2006 local elections:

  • SPD: 19 seats
  • CDU: 9 seats
  • FDP: 3 seats
  • UWG: 2 seats (independent electors community)

Culture and sights[edit]

Dietzel House dating from 1674, which now also houses the tourist information office
  • Oberharzer Wasserwirschaft (Upper Harz Water Management)

Museums[edit]

Buildings[edit]

  • Plants of Upper Harz Water Regale
  • Market Church in Clausthal, the largest wooden church in Germany with 2,200 seats, built 1639-42. Tower dating from 1637.
  • Old pharmacy Bergapotheke in Zellerfeld, built in 1674, with wood carvings
  • Protestant Salvator Church in Zellerfeld, built 1674-83
  • Clausthal mint (1617–1849)
  • Oberbergamt building in Clausthal, built 1726-30
  • Dietzel House in Zellerfeld, dating from 1674
  • Former railway station, destroyed 1944 and rebuilt 1961-63
  • House where Robert Koch was born

Persons[edit]

People from Clausthal-Zellerfeld[edit]

House where Robert Koch was born
Robert Koch

Notable people associated with Clausthal-Zellerfeld[edit]

Arnold Sommerfeld 1897

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Clausthal-Zellerfeld is twinned with:

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Landesamt für Statistik Niedersachsen, Tabelle 12411: Fortschreibung des Bevölkerungsstandes, Stand 31. Dezember 2017
  2. ^ Evert Heusinkveld. Die Innerstetalbahn Langelsheim - Altenau, p. 11. Nordhorn 2007
  3. ^ "L'Aigle découverte - Nos villes jumelles". Ville de L'Aigle. Archived from the original on 2013-08-01. Retrieved 2013-07-20.

External links[edit]