Claver, Surigao del Norte
|Municipality of Claver|
Map of Surigao del Norte with Claver highlighted
|Region||Caraga (Region XIII)|
|Province||Surigao del Norte|
|Barangays||14 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Mayor||Eddie Patan Gokiangkee|
|• Electorate||25,267 voters (2016)|
|• Total||322.60 km2 (124.56 sq mi)|
|Population (2015 census)|
|• Density||100/km2 (260/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (PST)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)86|
|Climate type||Tropical rainforest climate|
|Income class||2nd municipal income class|
|Revenue (₱)||404,426,577.46 (2016)|
In the north-east, it is bounded by the Pacific Ocean, to the west by the town of Gigaquit, and to the south by the boundary town of Carrascal, Surigao del Sur. It is approximately 60 kilometres (37 mi) southeast of the provincial capital, Surigao City. The town can be reached by bus, van-for-hire and jeepney from the Surigao Integrated Bus & Jeepney Terminal or at any point along the national highway. Its patron saint is St. Peter Claver and fiesta is celebrated every ninth day of September.
A large part of the municipal land area is a mining reservation due to extensive mineral deposits. This includes the Nickel ore loading port at Taganito, located 10 kilometers from the city of Claver, on the banks of Taganito river.
World War II
Claver was one of many coastal towns that for some time were ignored after the American and Filipino military forces surrendered to the Japanese in May 1942. Claver became the headquarters of the 114th Infantry Regiment of 10th Military District, which was the guerrilla organization under the jurisdiction of the United States Army. Some residents had fled for fear of a Japanese raid or occupation of the town, but an American whose family took refuge there said Claver still had a feeling of normalcy to it. On a hill above town the guerrillas maintained a radio station by which they kept in contact with other military units. The radio operator decided, without the knowledge of his superiors, to jam wavelengths used by the Japanese. The Japanese got a fix on the location of the station as a result.
On November 30, 1943, the Japanese took action to put the radio station out of business. Very early in the morning several Japanese ships appeared off the coast and began shelling the town with five-inch guns. After a prolonged shelling, Japanese troops landed and destroyed the radio station. The guerrillas left as the Japanese entered town and moved their headquarters elsewhere. Because the town had supported the guerrillas, the town was ransacked. The troops then returned to the ships, which left.
Most of the residents fled south to avoid the Japanese, who did not occupy Claver. Claver remained almost abandoned until the end of the war.
Claver is politically divided into 14 barangays:
- Bagakay (Pob. West)
- Ladgaron (Poblacion)
- Tayaga (Pob. East)
|Population census of Claver|
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
Claver is primarily a mining town with iron, nickel, copper and silver deposits on its Pulang Lupan mountains which are exploited mainly by the Taganito Mining Corporation. Mining, trading, and -traditionally - farming and fishing are the main sources of livelihood among residents. Fishing has become increasingly difficult due to water pollution as a consequence of mining activities.
- "Municipality". Quezon City, Philippines: Department of the Interior and Local Government. Retrieved 31 May 2013.
- "Province: Surigao del Norte". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
- Census of Population (2015). "Caraga". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "Taganito mining corporation". www.nickelasia.com. Nickel asia corporation. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
- "Nickel smelting plant (Taganito)". www.jgc.com. JGC Corporation. Retrieved 4 January 2018.
- Virginia Hansen Holmes, Guerrilla Daughter (Kent, Ohio: Kent State U. Press, 2009), pp. 84-5, 95, 115.
- Holmes, pp. 114, 116-7.
- Holmes, p. 117-8.
- Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Caraga". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Caraga". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
- "Province of Surigao del Norte". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
Shaira Panela (October 10, 2012). "Toxicity of Mindanao mining sites is 3,000x above int'l safety limit –FoE". GMA News.
Hexavalent chromium —a highly toxic carcinogenic compound made famous by the movie, Erin Brokovich— has reared its ugly head in a big way in Mindanao
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- Philippine Census Information