Claver, Surigao del Norte
Map of Surigao del Norte with Claver highlighted
|Region||Caraga (Region XIII)|
|Province||Surigao del Norte|
|District||2nd district of Surigao del Norte|
|• Mayor||Eddie Patan Gokiangkee|
|• Total||322.60 km2 (124.56 sq mi)|
|Population (2015 census)|
|• Density||100/km2 (260/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Dialing code||+63 (0)86|
|Income class||2nd municipal income class|
|Electorate||25,267 voters as of 2016|
Claver is a first-class municipality in the province of Surigao del Norte, Philippines. With a total land area of 322.60 square kilometres (124.56 sq mi), it is the largest municipality of the province. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 32,773 people.
In the north-east, it is bounded by the Pacific Ocean, to the west by the town of Gigaquit, and to the south by the boundary town of Carrascal, Surigao del Sur. It is approximately 60 kilometres (37 mi) southeast of the provincial capital, Surigao City. The town can be reached by bus, van-for-hire and jeepney from the Surigao Integrated Bus & Jeepney Terminal or at any point along the national highway. Its patron saint is St. Peter Claver and fiesta is celebrated every ninth day of September.
A large part of the municipal land area is a mining reservation because there are large iron mineral deposits.
World War II
Claver was one of many coastal towns that for some time were ignored after the American and Filipino military forces surrendered to the Japanese in May 1942. Claver became the headquarters of the 114th Infantry Regiment of 10th Military District, which was the guerrilla organization under the jurisdiction of the United States Army. Some residents had fled for fear of a Japanese raid or occupation of the town, but an American whose family took refuge there said Claver still had a feeling of normalcy to it. On a hill above town the guerrillas maintained a radio station by which they kept in contact with other military units. The radio operator decided, without the knowledge of his superiors, to jam wavelengths used by the Japanese. The Japanese got a fix on the location of the station as a result.
On November 30, 1943, the Japanese took action to put the radio station out of business. Very early in the morning several Japanese ships appeared off the coast and began shelling the town with five-inch guns. After a prolonged shelling, Japanese troops landed and destroyed the radio station. The guerrillas left as the Japanese entered town and moved their headquarters elsewhere. Because the town had supported the guerrillas, the town was ransacked. The troops then returned to the ships, which left.
Most of the residents fled south to avoid the Japanese, who did not occupy Claver. Claver remained almost abandoned until the end of the war.
Claver is politically divided into 15 barangays:
- Bagakay (Pob. West)
- Ladgaron (Pob.)
- Tayaga (Pob. East)
|Population census of Claver|
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority|
Claver is primarily a mining town with iron deposits on its mountains. Mining, trading, farming and fishing are the main sources of livelihood among residents.
- "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 1 July 2013. Retrieved 29 August 2013.
- "Province: Surigao del Norte". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Archived from the original on 25 October 2007. Retrieved 29 August 2013.
- "Caraga". Census of Population (2015): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- Virginia Hansen Holmes, Guerrilla Daughter (Kent, Ohio: Kent State U. Press, 2009), pp. 84-5, 95, 115.
- Holmes, pp. 114, 116-7.
- Holmes, p. 117-8.
- "Caraga". Census of Population and Housing (2010): Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay (Report). NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- "Caraga". Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007): Total Population by Province, City and Municipality (Report). NSO. Archived from the original on 11 November 2011.
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- Philippine Census Information
||Hinatuan Passage (Dinagat Sound)||Socorro
|Kitcharao, Agusan del Norte
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|Carrascal, Surigao del Sur|