Claveria, Misamis Oriental
|Municipality of Claveria|
Map of Misamis Oriental with Claveria highlighted
|Region||Northern Mindanao (Region X)|
|Founded||July 22, 1950|
|Barangays||24 (see Barangays)|
|• Type||Sangguniang Bayan|
|• Mayor||Meraluna S. Abrogar|
|• Vice Mayor||Reynante L. Salvaleon|
|• Representative||Juliette T. Uy|
|• Electorate||35,194 voters (2019)|
|• Total||579.63 km2 (223.80 sq mi)|
|Elevation||657 m (2,156 ft)|
(2015 census) 
|• Density||84/km2 (220/sq mi)|
|• Income class||1st municipal income class|
|• Poverty incidence||44.02% (2015)|
|• Revenue||₱180,954,414.78 (2016)|
|Time zone||UTC+8 (PST)|
|IDD : area code||+63 (0)88|
|Climate type||tropical climate|
Claveria, officially the Municipality of Claveria (Cebuano: Lungsod sa Claveria; Tagalog: Bayan ng Claveria), is a 1st class municipality in the province of Misamis Oriental, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 48,906 people. 
It is the only landlocked municipality of Misamis Oriental. It is also the largest in terms of land area in the province.
The town was once named Tikala, a native term for “wonder”. Tikala was once ruled by Datu Manlumupog, a warrior of the native aborigines known as the “Higaunons”, meaning people of the land. The Higaunons observed simple living but with high regard to nature. For them, the vast and rich environment they have means life to them and this is manifested by their unique datu system, e.g., Datu for Agriculture – Igbabasuk; Datu for Hunting – Panumanud; Datu for water respect – Bulalakaw, etc. Despite the simple way of life, they were kept united by their Sacred Code named as Bungkatel Ha Bulawan, which under its teaching, land is a gift from the supreme creator for all men, the Magbabaya. Land is life, thus, must be taken cared of under the stewardship of the great, great-great ancestors whose spirits continue to keep watching over it so it could be used for generation to generation.
In 1912, a Spanish Jesuit Missionary and the curate of Jasaan named Fr. Juan Yras came over the place and renamed Tikala to Claveria in honor of the Spanish Governor-General of the Philippines Don Narciso Claveria y Zaldua.
Politically, Claveria was under the Municipal District of the province of Bukidnon. Upon the passage of an Act No. 2968, otherwise known as the Artadi Law, Claveria was separated from Bukidnon and was ceded to the province of Misamis Oriental on February 21, 1921, under the administrative control of the Municipal District of Balingasag (MPDC LGU Claveria).
Claveria attained its stature as an independent municipality of the province of Misamis Oriental on July 22, 1950, by virtue of the Executive Order (E.O.) No. 334 issued by then President Elpidio Quirino.
It is bounded by a series of coastal towns and a component city. From Villanueva Town to Gingoog City to the north, north-west, and west; Bukidnon province to the south; and Agusan del Norte to the east. The municipality can be accessed via public transportation (Van-for-Hires, Jeepneys) from province's capital Cagayan de Oro City. It will take an hour to commute to get in the town's Poblacion.
Claveria is the largest among the 23 towns of Misamis Oriental comprising one-third of the total land area of the province. The current total land area of the municipality measures 825 km2 as per 2006 data reduced from its original of 894.90 km2 base from 1990 records. Territorial land dispute has been claimed by several neighboring areas such as the city of Gingoog, towns of Balingasag, Villanueva, Jasaan, and Malitbog of Bukidnon.
The town has a generally rugged topography, characterized by gently rolling hills and mountains with cliffs and escarpments. The soil is classified as Jasaan clay, with a deep soil profile (greater than 1 m) and rapid drainage. It is generally acidic (pH 3.9 to 5.2), with low cation exchange capacity (CEC), low to moderate organic matter content (1.8%), high aluminium saturation, and low levels of available phosphorus and exchangeable potassium.
Claveria has a rainfall distribution of five or six wet months (>200 mm/month) and two or three dry months (<100 mm/month). Rainfall patterns throughout the municipality vary with elevation, with the upper areas having a relatively greater amount of rainfall than the lower areas. The rainfall pattern strongly influences cropping patterns and land use across Claveria’s landscape. Naturally the town is the only municipality of the province which has a cooler temperature ranging below 22 degrees Celsius in as much as 16 degrees Celsius and lower in the higher areas.
|Climate data for Claveria, Misamis Oriental|
|Average high °C (°F)||23
|Average low °C (°F)||19
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||327
|Average rainy days||24.3||21.1||22.5||20.6||28.3||28.8||29.4||29.0||28.0||28.3||26.0||24.2||310.5|
|Source: Meteoblue (modeled/calculated data, not measured locally) |
Claveria is politically subdivided into 24 barangays.
- Santa Cruz
|Source: Philippine Statistics Authority   |
In the 2015 census, the population of Claveria, Misamis Oriental, was 48,906 people,  with a density of 84 inhabitants per square kilometre or 220 inhabitants per square mile.
|Name of Barangay||2007 census||2010 census|
|Pelaez (Don Gregorio Pelaez)||862||912|
Although Cebuano or Binisaya/Bisaya is widely spoken in Claveria, majority of the population can speak Filipino the national language and as well as English which is commonly use in schools and government offices. There is a native tribe in the municipality that has their own dialect, the Higaonons which also speaks their "Binukid" tongue or Higaonon language. Binisaya/Bisaya is the conversational language spoken by Claverians at home.
Approximately over 85% of the populace are Roman Catholics and the rest comprises the Protestants and others. Every barangay has their own Catholic parish churches with one in Poblacion serves as the mother parish for the entire town. The Our Lady of Lourdes Parish church is the center of Catholic faith within the municipality. There is also a notable group situated in Barangay Aposkahoy known as Doalnara which is a community of people who has their own belief making the talk abouts among the locals. It has been controversial in the past years due to its peculiar way of living among its followers. Although the town's community has various religious beliefs, people all live peacefully and harmoniously altogether.
The local economy is mainly an agricultural area. Its income basically comes from crop production, freshwater products, and livestock or poultry output. Crop production includes vegetables, corn, root crops, coffee, and rice. The plantation of tomato and bell pepper is a common site in the vicinity. The most recent there has been a major plantation of pineapples by the Del Monte Philippines, Inc. The freshwater products include anga, pigok, haloan (snakehead murrel), bunak, damagan, subok, dalapakan, and kasili (eels). Livestock comprises swine, cattle, and poultry products. The Mindanao Silk Mulberry Farm which produces silk is also situated in the municipality. It is run by the Philippine Textile Research Institute - (PTRI) Mindanao office.
The municipality of Claveria is governed by a town Mayor and a Vice Mayor which takes office in absence of the former. The municipal council is compose of 8 coming from the town, 1 from the president of the Barangay Captain's League and 1 from the president of Sangguniang Kabataan (Youth Council) Chairman's League of Claveria totalling a number of 10 councilors (kagawad).
The town is the seat of the premier agriculture school of the entire province, the University of Science and Technology of Southern Philippines – Claveria Campus (formerly MOSCAT). Claveria has a total of 7 National High Schools and 2 Central Schools. All 24 barangays has its own Elementary School. There are also privately run pre-schools, grade schools, and secondary school operating in the municipality.
- Our Lady of Lourdes Academy of Claveria
- Cherubims Learning Center Inc.
- Doalnara Agricultural Academy
- Claveria Central School
- Mat-i Central School
Public Secondary Schools
- Mat-i National High School
- Aposkahoy National High School
- Rizal National High School
- Hinaplanan National High School
- Malagana National High School
- Patrocinio National High School
- Dr. Gerardo Sabal Memorial National High School
- University of Science and Technology of Southern Philippines (USTsP) - Claveria Campus
- Aquilino Pimentel Jr. - commonly known as Nene Pimentel, is a Filipino politician who served as the President of the Senate of the Philippines from 2000–2001. He is the father of former Senate President Aquilino Pimentel III.
- Municipality of Claveria | (DILG)
- "Province: Misamis Oriental". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
- Census of Population (2015). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
- "PSA releases the 2015 Municipal and City Level Poverty Estimates". Quezon City, Philippines. Retrieved 12 October 2019.
- Claveria's Climate Research Archives
- "Claveria: Average Temperatures and Rainfall". Meteoblue. Retrieved 29 April 2020.
- Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
- Censuses of Population (1903–2007). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Table 1. Population Enumerated in Various Censuses by Province/Highly Urbanized City: 1903 to 2007. NSO.
- "Province of Misamis Oriental". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016.
- Mindanao Silk Mulberry Farm
- "State College". Archived from the original on 2008-01-20. Retrieved 2019-07-04.
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