Claveria, Misamis Oriental

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Mount Sumagaya
Official seal of Claveria
Map of Misamis Oriental with Claveria highlighted
Map of Misamis Oriental with Claveria highlighted
Claveria is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 08°37′N 124°53′E / 8.617°N 124.883°E / 8.617; 124.883Coordinates: 08°37′N 124°53′E / 8.617°N 124.883°E / 8.617; 124.883
Country Philippines
Region Northern Mindanao (Region X)
Province Misamis Oriental
District 2nd District, Misamis Oriental
Founded July 22, 1950
Barangays 24
 • Mayor Meraluna S. Abrogar
 • Vice Mayor Meraluna Salvaleon-Abrogar
 • Total 579.63 km2 (223.80 sq mi)
Population (2015 census)[3]
 • Total 48,906
 • Density 84/km2 (220/sq mi)
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 9004
IDD:area code +63 (0)88
Income class 1st municipal income class
PSGC 104306000
Electorate 31,505 voters as of 2016

Claveria is a first class municipality in the province of Misamis Oriental, Mindanao, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 48,906 people.[3]

It is the only landlocked municipality of Misamis Oriental. It is also the biggest in terms area coverage in any town of the province.


Situated at the eastern part of the province it was once named “TIKALA”, a native term for “wonder”. Tikala was then ruled by Datu Manlumupog, a brave warrior of the native aborigines known as the “Higaunons” meaning people of the land. The Higaunons observed simple living but with high regard to nature. For them, the vast and rich environment they have means life to them and this is manifested by their unique datu system, e.g., Datu for Agriculture – Igbabasuk; Datu for Hunting – Panumanud; Datu for water respect – Bulalakaw, etc. Despite the simple way of life, they were kept united by their Sacred Code named as Bungkatel Ha Bulawan, which under its teaching, land is a gift from the supreme creator for all men, the Magbabaya. Land is life, thus, must be taken cared of under the stewardship of the great, great-great ancestors whose spirits continue to keep watching over it so it could be used for generation to generation. Later on 1912, a Spanish Jesuit Missionary and the curate of Jasaan named Fr. Juan Yras came over the place and named TIKALA to Claveria in honor of the famous Spanish Governor-General of the Philippines Don Narciso Claveria y Zaldua in Hispanic colomia era. Politically, Claveria was under the Municipal District of the province of Bukidnon. Upon the passage of an Act No. 2968, otherwise known as the Artadi Law, Claveria was separated from Bukidnon and was ceded to the province of Misamis Oriental on February 21, 1921 under the administrative control of the Municipal District of Balingasag (MPDC LGU Claveria). Claveria attained its stature as an independent municipality of the province of Misamis Oriental on July 22, 1950 by virtue of the Executive Order (E.O.) No. 334 issued by then President Elpidio Quirino.


It is bounded by a series of coastal towns and a component city. From Villanueva Town to Gingoog City to the north, north-west, and west; Bukidnon province to the south; and Agusan del Norte to the east. The municipality's only mode of transportation is the double-tire jeepneys with a seating capacity of no less than 20 passengers. From the provinces' capital Cagayan de Oro City in Agora-Eastbound terminal it will take an hour to commute to get in the town's Poblacion.

Claveria is the largest among the 23 towns of Misamis Oriental comprising one-third of the total land area of the province. The current total land area of the municipality measures 825 km2 as per 2006 data reduced from its original of 894.90 km2 base from 1990 records. Territorial land dispute has been claimed by several neighboring areas such as the city of Gingoog, towns of Balingasag, Villanueva, Jasaan, and Malitbog of Bukidnon.


The town has a generally rugged topography, characterized by gently rolling hills and mountains with cliffs and escarpments. The soil is classified as Jasaan clay, with a deep soil profile (greater than 1 m) and rapid drainage. It is generally acidic (pH 3.9 to 5.2), with low cation exchange capacity (CEC), low to moderate organic matter content (1.8%), high aluminium saturation, and low levels of available phosphorus and exchangeable potassium.[4]


Claveria has a rainfall distribution of five or six wet months (>200 mm/month) and two or three dry months (<100 mm/month). Rainfall patterns throughout the municipality vary with elevation, with the upper areas having a relatively greater amount of rainfall than the lower areas. The rainfall pattern strongly influences cropping patterns and land use across Claveria’s landscape.[4] Naturally the town is the only municipality of the province which has a cooler temperature ranging below 22 degrees Celsius in as much as 16 degrees Celsius and lower in the higher areas.


Claveria is politically subdivided into 24 barangays.

  • Ani-e
  • Aposkahoy
  • Bulahan
  • Cabacungan
  • Pelaez
  • Gumaod
  • Hinaplanan
  • Kalawitan
  • Lanise
  • Luna
  • Madaguing
  • Malagana
  • Minalwang
  • Mat-I
  • Panampawan
  • Parmbugas
  • Patrocinio
  • Plaridel
  • Poblacion
  • Punong
  • Rizal
  • Santa Cruz
  • Tamboboan
  • Tipolohon


Population census of Claveria
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1918 2,025 —    
1939 12,939 +9.23%
1948 26,330 +8.21%
1960 14,281 −4.97%
1970 16,816 +1.65%
1975 23,363 +6.82%
1980 29,088 +4.48%
1990 31,130 +0.68%
1995 39,020 +4.32%
2000 41,109 +1.12%
2007 43,514 +0.79%
2010 44,544 +0.86%
2015 48,906 +1.79%
Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][5][6][7]


Although Cebuano or Binisaya/Bisaya is widely spoken in Claveria, majority of the population can speak Filipino the national language and as well as English which is commonly use in schools and government offices. There is a native tribe in the municipality that has their own dialect, the Higaonons which also speaks their "Binukid" tongue or Higaonon language. Binisaya/Bisaya is the conversational language spoken by Claverians at home.


Population of Claveria by barangay
Name of Barangay 2007 census 2010 census
Ani-e 3,198 3,083
Aposkahoy 2,402 2,280
Bulahan 1,311 1,179
Cabacungan 1,308 1,398
Pelaez (Don Gregorio Pelaez) 862 912
Gumaod 1,248 1.384
Hinaplanan 2,857 2,930
Kalawitan 423 530
Lanise 2,087 2,071
Luna 1,519 1,506
Madaguing 901 952
Malagana 2,157 2,346
Minalwang 1,722 1,578
Mat-i 3,074 3,223
Panampawan 630 678
Parmbugas 765 812
Patrocinio 3,084 2,870
Plaridel 1,592 1,601
Poblacion 7,685 8,747
Punong 504 598
Rizal 974 932
Santa Cruz 1,179 1,129
Tamboboan 1,278 1,129
Tipolohon 704 637
Total 43,514 44,544


Approximately over 85% of the populace are Roman Catholics and the rest comprises the Protestants and others. Every barangay has their own Catholic parish churches with one in Poblacion serves as the mother parish for the entire town. The Our Lady of Lourdes Parish church is the center of Catholic faith within the municipality. There is also a notable group situated in Barangay Aposkahoy known as Doalnara which is a community of people who has their own belief making the talk abouts among the locals. It has been controversial in the past years due to its peculiar way of living among its followers. Although the town's community has various religious beliefs, people all live peacefully and harmoniously altogether.


The local economy is mainly an agricultural area. Its income basically comes from crop production, freshwater products, and livestock or poultry output. Crop production includes vegetables, corn, root crops, coffee, and rice. The plantation of tomato and bell pepper is a common site in the vicinity.[4] The most recent there has been a major plantation of pineapples by the Del Monte Philippines, Inc. The freshwater products include anga, pigok, haloan (snakehead murrel), bunak, damagan, subok, dalapakan, and kasili (eels). Livestock comprises swine, cattle, and poultry products. The Mindanao Silk Mulberry Farm which produces silk is also situated in the municipality. It is run by the Philippine Textile Research Institute - (PTRI) Mindanao office.[8]

Local government[edit]

The municipality of Claveria is governed by a town Mayor and a Vice Mayor which takes office in absence of the former. The municipal council is compose of 8 coming from the town, 1 from the president of the Barangay Captain's League and 1 from the president of Sangguniang Kabataan (Youth Council) Chairman's League of Claveria totalling a number of 10 councilors (kagawad).


The town is the seat of the premier agriculture school of the entire province, the Misamis Oriental State College of Agriculture and Technology or most commonly known as MOSCAT.[9] Claveria has a total of 7 National High Schools and 2 Central Schools. All 24 barangays has its own Elementary School. There are also privately run pre-schools, grade schools, and secondary school operating in the municipality.

Private Schools[edit]

Central Schools[edit]

  • Claveria Central School
  • Mat-i Central School

Public Secondary Schools[edit]

  • Mat-i National High School
  • Aposkahoy National High School
  • Rizal National High School
  • Hinaplanan National High School
  • Malagana National High School
  • Patrocinio National High School
  • Dr. Gerardo Sabal Memorial National High School


  • Misamis Oriental State College of Agriculture and Technology (MOSCAT)


  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 1 July 2013. Retrieved 5 September 2013. 
  2. ^ "Province: MISAMIS ORIENTAL". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Archived from the original on 15 October 2007. Retrieved 26 June 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c Census of Population (2015). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016. 
  4. ^ a b c Claveria's Climate Research Archives
  5. ^ Census of Population and Housing (2010). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay. NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016. 
  6. ^ Census of Population (1995, 2000 and 2007). "Region X (Northern Mindanao)". Total Population by Province, City and Municipality. NSO. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. 
  7. ^ "Province of Misamis Oriental". Municipality Population Data. Local Water Utilities Administration Research Division. Retrieved 17 December 2016. 
  8. ^ Mindanao Silk Mulberry Farm
  9. ^ State College

External links[edit]