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Clavier-Übung, in more modern spelling Klavierübung, is German for "keyboard exercise". In the late 17th and early 18th centuries this was a common title for keyboard music collections: first adopted by Johann Kuhnau in 1689,[1][2] the term later became mostly associated with Johann Sebastian Bach's four Clavier-Übung publications.[1]

The following composers published works under the title Clavier-Übung:


  1. ^ a b c d Wollf (1991) p.189
  2. ^ a b c Boyd (2006) p.193)


  • Wolff, Christoph (1991), "Chapter 15: The Clavier-Übung Series", Bach: essays on his life and music, Harvard University Press, ISBN 0-674-05926-3
  • Boyd, Malcolm (2006), Bach, The Master Musicians Series (3 ed.), Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-530771-2

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