Clay County, Minnesota

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Clay County, Minnesota
Rourke Art Museum.jpg
Map of Minnesota highlighting Clay County
Location in the U.S. state of Minnesota
Map of the United States highlighting Minnesota
Minnesota's location in the U.S.
Founded March 8, 1862 (created)
1872 (organized)[1]
Named for Henry Clay
Seat Moorhead
Largest city Moorhead
Area
 • Total 1,053 sq mi (2,727 km2)
 • Land 1,045 sq mi (2,707 km2)
 • Water 7.3 sq mi (19 km2), 0.7%
Population (est.)
 • (2016) 62,875
 • Density 56/sq mi (22/km²)
Congressional district 7th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.clay.mn.us

Clay County is a county located in the U.S. state of Minnesota. As of the 2010 census, the population was 58,999.[2] Its county seat is Moorhead.[3] The county's name is in honor of American statesman Henry Clay,[4] member of the United States Senate from Kentucky and United States Secretary of State in the 19th century. The county was formed in 1862 and organized in 1872.[5] It was originally called Breckenridge County, but changed to its current name in 1862.

Clay County is part of the Fargo, ND-MN Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,053 square miles (2,730 km2), of which 1,045 square miles (2,710 km2) are land and 7.3 square miles (19 km2) (0.7%) are covered by water.[6]

Soils of Clay County[7]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Climate and weather[edit]

Moorhead, Minnesota
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
0.7
 
 
18
0
 
 
0.6
 
 
24
6
 
 
1.3
 
 
36
19
 
 
1.4
 
 
56
33
 
 
2.8
 
 
69
45
 
 
3.9
 
 
77
55
 
 
2.8
 
 
82
60
 
 
2.6
 
 
81
57
 
 
2.6
 
 
71
47
 
 
2.2
 
 
56
35
 
 
1
 
 
37
20
 
 
0.8
 
 
22
6
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: The Weather Channel[8]

In recent years, average temperatures in the county seat of Moorhead have ranged from a low of 0 °F (−18 °C) in January to a high of 82 °F (28 °C) in July, although a record low of −48 °F (−44 °C) was recorded in January 1887 and a record high of 114 °F (46 °C) was recorded in July 1936. Average monthly precipitation ranged from 0.64 inches (16 mm) in February to 3.90 inches (99 mm) in June.[8]

Law and government[edit]

Clay County is governed by a board of five commissioners.[9]

  • Jim Haney (Moorhead) 1st District
  • Frank Gross (Dilworth) 2nd District
  • Jenny L. Mongeau (Moorhead) 3rd District (Vice Chair)
  • Kevin Campbell (Moorhead) 4th District (Chair)
  • Grant Weyland (Moorhead) 5th District
Presidential Elections Results[10]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 46.1% 13,543 44.1% 12,971 9.8% 2,884
2012 44.7% 12,920 52.7% 15,208 2.6% 758
2008 40.9% 11,978 57.0% 16,666 2.1% 615
2004 51.8% 14,365 46.8% 12,989 1.4% 383
2000 50.1% 11,712 43.4% 10,128 6.5% 1,518
1996 41.1% 8,764 49.1% 10,476 9.8% 2,079
1992 41.2% 9,666 41.9% 9,845 16.9% 3,967
1988 47.8% 10,380 51.5% 11,186 0.6% 139
1984 52.6% 11,565 46.8% 10,294 0.5% 119
1980 46.4% 10,447 39.7% 8,940 13.9% 3,121
1976 47.5% 10,317 50.1% 10,876 2.4% 515
1972 54.4% 11,089 44.5% 9,076 1.2% 235
1968 47.8% 7,910 48.2% 7,987 4.0% 663
1964 37.4% 6,085 62.4% 10,161 0.2% 39
1960 53.3% 8,278 46.6% 7,241 0.2% 25
1956 52.8% 6,783 47.1% 6,057 0.1% 15
1952 58.7% 7,178 41.2% 5,036 0.2% 20
1948 38.6% 4,302 59.4% 6,624 2.0% 219
1944 45.4% 4,392 54.1% 5,230 0.5% 52
1940 41.2% 4,450 58.3% 6,295 0.4% 48
1936 29.9% 2,880 65.3% 6,282 4.8% 459
1932 29.2% 2,556 67.8% 5,938 3.1% 270
1928 61.1% 5,057 37.8% 3,128 1.1% 87
1924 44.6% 3,081 6.4% 439 49.1% 3,396
1920 73.0% 4,943 19.7% 1,335 7.3% 493
1916 44.8% 1,549 49.6% 1,716 5.6% 193
1912 18.0% 549 30.9% 942 51.2% 1,561
1908 58.7% 1,857 35.6% 1,125 5.8% 182
1904 78.2% 2,185 13.9% 388 8.0% 223
1900 59.5% 1,903 36.4% 1,165 4.2% 133
1896 44.4% 1,594 53.1% 1,908 2.5% 90
1892 40.2% 959 24.9% 594 34.9% 833

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 72
1870 92 27.8%
1880 5,887 6,298.9%
1890 11,517 95.6%
1900 17,942 55.8%
1910 19,640 9.5%
1920 21,780 10.9%
1930 23,120 6.2%
1940 25,337 9.6%
1950 30,363 19.8%
1960 39,080 28.7%
1970 46,585 19.2%
1980 49,327 5.9%
1990 50,422 2.2%
2000 51,229 1.6%
2010 58,999 15.2%
Est. 2016 62,875 [11] 6.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
1790-1960[13] 1900-1990[14]
1990-2000[15] 2010-2016[2]

As of the 2000 census, there were 51,229 people, 18,670 households, and 12,340 families residing in the county. The population density was 49 people per square mile (19/km²). There were 19,746 housing units at an average density of 19 per square mile (7/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 93.99% White, 0.52% Black or African American, 1.44% Native American, 0.88% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 1.67% from other races, and 1.47% from two or more races. 3.65% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 40.4% were of Norwegian and 26.8% German ancestry.

There were 18,670 households out of which 33.80% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.90% were married couples living together, 8.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.90% were non-families. 26.10% of all households were made up of individuals and 10.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.07.

In the county, the population was spread out with 25.00% under the age of 18, 17.10% from 18 to 24, 25.70% from 25 to 44, 19.30% from 45 to 64, and 12.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 93.70 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $37,889, and the median income for a family was $49,192. Males had a median income of $34,176 versus $23,149 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,557. About 7.40% of families and 13.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.30% of those under age 18 and 7.50% of those age 65 or over.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Age pyramid of county residents based on 2000 U.S. census data

Census-designated places[edit]

Other unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Minnesota Place Names". Minnesota Historical Society. Retrieved March 17, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 31, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 83. 
  5. ^ Upham, Warren (1920). Minnesota Geographic Names: Their Origin and Historic Significance. Minnesota Historical Society. p. 114. 
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved October 6, 2014. 
  7. ^ Nelson, Steven (2011). Savanna Soils of Minnesota. Minnesota: Self. pp. 57-60. ISBN 978-0-615-50320-2.
  8. ^ a b "Monthly Averages for Moorhead, Minnesota". The Weather Channel. Retrieved 2011-11-06. 
  9. ^ http://claycountymn.gov/132/Board-of-Commissioners
  10. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS
  11. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  12. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved October 6, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved October 6, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 6, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 6, 2014. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 46°54′N 96°29′W / 46.90°N 96.49°W / 46.90; -96.49