Clay County, Texas

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Clay County, Texas
Clay Co Courthouse Henrietta, TX.JPG
Clay County Courthouse in Henrietta
Map of Texas highlighting Clay County
Location in the U.S. state of Texas
Map of the United States highlighting Texas
Texas's location in the U.S.
Founded 1860
Named for Henry Clay
Seat Henrietta
Largest city Henrietta
Area
 • Total 1,117 sq mi (2,893 km2)
 • Land 1,089 sq mi (2,820 km2)
 • Water 28 sq mi (73 km2), 2.5%
Population
 • (2010) 10,752
 • Density 9.9/sq mi (4/km²)
Congressional district 13th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.co.clay.tx.us
The Clay County Leader newspaper office in Henrietta

Clay County is a county located in the U.S. state of Texas. As of the 2010 census, its population was 10,752.[1] The county seat is Henrietta.[2] The county was founded in 1857 and later organized in 1860.[3] It is named in honor of Henry Clay,[4] famous American statesman, Kentucky Senator and United States Secretary of State.

Clay County is part of the Wichita Falls, Metropolitan Statistical Area in North Texas.

Several railroads once served Clay County, including the Wichita Falls Railway, one of the properties of Joseph A. Kemp and his brother-in-law Frank Kell, along with twenty-nine other stockholders. The Wichita Falls Railway linked Henrietta with Wichita Falls. Built in 1894-1895, it was sold in 1911 to the Missouri-Kansas-Texas Railroad, also known as the Katy. The original eighteen miles of track was abandoned in 1970.[5]

The Wichita Falls rancher, oilman, and philanthropist Joseph Sterling Bridwell owned a ranch in Clay County, among his multiple holdings.[6]

Clay County is represented in the Texas House of Representatives by the Republican James Frank, a businessman from Wichita Falls.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,117 square miles (2,890 km2), of which 1,089 square miles (2,820 km2) is land and 28 square miles (73 km2) (2.5%) is water.[7]

Lake Arrowhead State Park, a 524-acre (212 ha) development on Lake Arrowhead in Clay County, encompasses 14,390-acre (5,820 ha) acres. The lakeshore extends 106 miles; the park offers bicycling, birding, boating, camping, canoeing, fishing, hiking, horseback riding, nature study, picnicking, swimming, and wildlife observation.[8]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 109
1880 5,045
1890 7,503 48.7%
1900 9,231 23.0%
1910 17,043 84.6%
1920 16,864 −1.1%
1930 14,545 −13.8%
1940 12,524 −13.9%
1950 9,896 −21.0%
1960 8,351 −15.6%
1970 8,079 −3.3%
1980 9,582 18.6%
1990 10,024 4.6%
2000 11,006 9.8%
2010 10,752 −2.3%
Est. 2016 10,193 [9] −5.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1850–2010[11] 2010–2014[1]

As of the census[12] of 2000, there were 11,006 people, 4,323 households, and 3,181 families residing in the county. The population density was 10 people per square mile (4/km²). There were 4,992 housing units at an average density of 4 per square mile (2/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.35% White, 0.42% Black or African American, 1.03% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 1.68% from other races, and 1.42% from two or more races. 3.67% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 4,323 households out of which 30.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 63.20% were married couples living together, 7.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.40% were non-families. 23.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.80% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county, the population was spread out with 24.90% under the age of 18, 6.80% from 18 to 24, 26.40% from 25 to 44, 25.90% from 45 to 64, and 16.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 94.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,738, and the median income for a family was $41,514. Males had a median income of $28,914 versus $20,975 for females. The per capita income for the county was $16,361. About 8.10% of families and 10.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.70% of those under age 18 and 11.00% of those age 65 or over.

Transportation[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Farm to Market Roads[edit]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Town[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Politics[edit]

Presidential Elections Results[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 87.2% 4,377 10.7% 536 2.1% 105
2012 84.4% 4,266 14.6% 740 1.0% 51
2008 78.9% 4,213 20.3% 1,085 0.8% 41
2004 75.1% 3,971 24.6% 1,299 0.3% 18
2000 67.1% 3,112 31.5% 1,460 1.4% 65
1996 48.0% 1,997 40.6% 1,690 11.4% 473
1992 32.3% 1,586 39.1% 1,919 28.6% 1,405
1988 47.1% 2,043 52.7% 2,288 0.2% 9
1984 58.0% 2,569 41.7% 1,844 0.3% 13
1980 44.4% 1,824 54.3% 2,233 1.3% 52
1976 31.7% 1,200 67.9% 2,568 0.4% 15
1972 64.3% 1,893 34.7% 1,023 1.0% 29
1968 29.5% 936 49.6% 1,573 21.0% 665
1964 21.8% 659 78.1% 2,357 0.1% 4
1960 37.5% 1,019 62.3% 1,692 0.3% 7
1956 35.3% 990 64.6% 1,813 0.2% 5
1952 38.4% 1,272 61.6% 2,044
1948 12.9% 332 82.5% 2,131 4.6% 120
1944 10.4% 311 77.4% 2,307 12.2% 362
1940 15.3% 427 84.5% 2,357 0.2% 6
1936 8.2% 196 91.1% 2,168 0.7% 16
1932 6.0% 151 93.7% 2,365 0.3% 7
1928 53.4% 1,327 46.6% 1,160
1924 17.4% 318 76.5% 1,402 6.2% 113
1920 24.5% 446 72.7% 1,324 2.8% 51
1916 11.4% 177 84.9% 1,324 3.8% 59
1912 4.5% 54 83.4% 1,002 12.2% 146

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 9, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Texas: Individual County Chronologies". Texas Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2008. Retrieved May 21, 2015. 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 83. 
  5. ^ "Wichita Falls Railway". tshaonline.org. Retrieved April 20, 2013. 
  6. ^ "Jack O. Loftin, "Joseph Sterling Bridwell"". Texas State Historical Association online. Retrieved April 30, 2013. 
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 20, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Lake Arrowhead State Park". wildtexas.com. Retrieved April 17, 2013. 
  9. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved April 20, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Texas Almanac: Population History of Counties from 1850–2010" (PDF). Texas Almanac. Retrieved April 20, 2015. 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  13. ^ http://uselectionatlas.org/RESULTS

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 33°47′N 98°13′W / 33.79°N 98.21°W / 33.79; -98.21