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Clayton is a suburb of the city of Manchester in North West England. Historically in Lancashire, it is about 3 miles east of the city centre on Ashton New Road. Clayton takes its name from the Clayton family who owned large parts of land around the area, including Clayton Vale, through which the River Medlock flows (separating Clayton from Newton Heath). Clayton was under the township of Droylsden until around 1890 when alterations to the Manchester boundary took place. Other towns added to Manchester around this time were Blackley, Crumpsall, Moston, Openshaw and Gorton.
Between 1893 and 1910 Clayton was home to Manchester United F.C., and their precursor club Newton Heath L&YR F.C., after Newton Heath left their North Road ground in the neighbouring district of Newton Heath. Bank Street had a capacity of 50,000 spectators, and was covered on all four sides.Shortly after Manchester United moved to their present ground, in Old Trafford, Stretford, Bank Street was severely damaged in a storm and the remains were demolished soon after.
Manchester Velodrome opened at Clayton in September 1994 and a car park serving it was constructed on the site of Manchester United's old stadium.
Clayton Hall is a 15th-century hall on Ashton New Road, in Manchester, hidden behind trees in a small park. The Hall is a Grade II* listed building, a scheduled ancient monument, and is rare example of a medieval moated site (grid reference ). It was originally built for the Clayton family, it passed on into the hands of the Byron family (of which the poet Lord Byron was a member) in 1194. They lived there until they sold it to two London merchants, George and Humphrey Chetham, in 1620. Humphrey Chetham is famous for founding Chetham's School and Library in the centre of Manchester.
During the Civil War, Royalist cavalry were stationed here, before the attack on Manchester. Afterwards, according to legend, Oliver Cromwell was said to have spent three nights at the Hall. In 1897 the building was acquired by Manchester City Corporation, ensuring its survival.
Philips Park is on the south side of the River Medlock and Philips Park Cemetery is on the north side. The park has the distinction of being Manchester's first public park and Mark Philips, who was the Member of Parliament for Manchester, opened it in 1846. It was the first of its kind in the whole of the then Great Britain and Ireland and it set the standard for many others that soon followed in towns and cities throughout Britain. It was designed to have walks, expansive lakes and glasshouses for exotic plants. It is also famous for its annual tulip festival, which is still held every year. Philips Park Cemetery was opened in 1863.
The majority of houses in Clayton are council homes. The first council (or then known as corporation) homes to be built took place around the late 1920s, building near the border of Droylsden (Bristowe Street and South Crescent, followed by North Crescent). Many more homes were to be built afterwards, building on a brick works surrounding Clayton Street, a golf course off what is now Folkstone Road West and East and cricket & football grounds off North Road and Vale Street, now known as Lingfield Road. The building associated with the cricket and football grounds still stands today, now used as a boxing club.
Frank Pritchard, who lived in Clayton as young child in the 1920s, recalls in his book East Manchester Remembered: "... Clayton was rather a posh area. Beyond Bank Street one rarely saw children bare-footed, or with their breeches' behind torn and tattered which were common sights in the streets round where I lived."
Alderdale Golf Club (now defunct) first appeared in 1907. The club disappeared in the 1920s.
After a period of general decline from around the mid to late 1980s to around 2004, Clayton residents have since seen some improvements along its main routes, both in terms of housing repairs/modernisation and road reconstructions. In 2009-10 these improvements were extended to some of Clayton's back streets, including the Stanton Street and surrounding areas.
Church and community
Father Ansbro is the priest at St. Willibrord's Church. The church had some alterations to its interior in 2006-07 making the back of the church a focal point for various local community assemblies, where various charity fund-raising events are organised.
The Church of St Cross was built in the 19th century and designed by William Butterfield. Butterfield was known for his budget conscious churches. The building is unique for its patterned brickwork and the richly furnished interior.
- Bank Street (football ground)
- Manchester Clayton (UK Parliament constituency)
- John Edward Sutton
- Edward Hopkinson
- Shayne Ward
- "Greater Manchester Gazetteer". Greater Manchester County Record Office. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011.
- Murphy, Alex (2006). "1878–1915: From Newton Heath to Old Trafford". The Official Illustrated History of Manchester United. London: Orion Books. p. 14. ISBN 0-7528-7603-1.
- "History of Manchester United". Manchester United Official Website. 30 March 2008. Retrieved 30 March 2008.
- "Ancient monuments in Manchester". manchester.gov.uk. Manchester City Council. About ancient monuments. Retrieved 29 December 2007.
- "Clayton Hall". Images of England. Retrieved 29 December 2007.
- "Clayton Hall". Pastscape.org.uk. Retrieved 29 December 2007.
- Pritchard, Frank (1989). East Manchester Remembered. Neil Richardson. ISBN 978-1-85216-039-5.
- “Alderdale Golf Club”, “Golf’s Missing Links”.
- 1923 Ordnance Survey Map