Clayton-le-Moors

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Clayton-le-Moors
Welcome to Clayton-le-Moors (geograph 3050676).jpg
Clayton-le-Moors is located in Lancashire
Clayton-le-Moors
Clayton-le-Moors
Clayton-le-Moors shown within Lancashire
Population 4,725 (2011.Ward)
OS grid reference SD745315
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town ACCRINGTON
Postcode district BB5
Dialling code 01254
Police Lancashire
Fire Lancashire
Ambulance North West
EU Parliament North West England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Lancashire
53°46′45″N 2°23′18″W / 53.779200°N 2.388444°W / 53.779200; -2.388444Coordinates: 53°46′45″N 2°23′18″W / 53.779200°N 2.388444°W / 53.779200; -2.388444

Clayton-le-Moors is a small industrial township two miles north of Accrington in the Borough of Hyndburn in the County of Lancashire, England. It is usually referred to locally as simply 'Clayton'. There is also a ward with the same name in Hyndburn. The population of this ward at the 2011 census was 4,725.[1] To the west lies Rishton, to the north Great Harwood, and two miles to the south, Accrington. Clayton-le-Moors is situated on the A680 road alongside the M65 motorway.

History[edit]

It is thought that the village developed with the fusion of the two hamlets of Oakenshaw (bottom end) and Enfield (top end) which began during the construction of the Leeds Liverpool Canal, which pre-dated the railways. The merger continued with the development of the cotton textile industry, particularly that of weaving and cloth finishing. The stretch of canal between Burnley and Enfield Wharf (now alongside the Enfield Bridge on Blackburn Road) was opened in 1801. By 1808 it had been extended to the adjoining village of Church. The final link up between Leeds and Liverpool was completed 1816.[2] Clayton-le-Moors now lies at the midpoint of the Leeds Liverpool Canal. Sadly, the mural which depicted this fact has been demolished. The canal continued to be used for the commercial transportation of coal between Bank Hall Colliery, Burnley and the now demolished power generating station at Whitebirk,[3] Blackburn, until 1963. During the harsh winter of 1963 the thickness of the ice on the canal prevented the movement of barges and coal had to be transported by road. Subsequently, canal transportation was never resumed. The canal is now used solely for leisure boating and is managed and maintained by a charitable trust, the Canal and River Trust.

The village's two main thoroughfares are Whalley Road, which still has some canal workers' cottages, and Blackburn Road to the West/Burnley Road to the East.

Mercer Park, once the grounds of Mercer House, is freely open to the public, and contains an updated war memorial. The house was previously Oakenshaw Cottage, where John Mercer lived towards the end of his life. Mercer, a self-taught chemist born in Great Harwood, invented the mercerisation process for treating cotton which is still in use today. He was also a pioneer of colour photography.

Clayton-le-Moors is said to be a village of two halves. Residents were either 'top-enders' or 'bottom-enders', depending on which side of the Whalley Road canal bridge they lived. The two communities had firm opinions about each other and were said to rarely mix.[4] With the mixing of the town's children at common schools, this is no longer the case but the distinction between top and bottom enders still remains. There was, however, an annual football match between them at the running track at Wilson's Playing Fields (formerly the Woodlands Playing Fields), which lie behind woodland close to Sparth House in lower Whalley Road. The synthetic running track there is surrounded by football pitches, a cricket pitch and changing rooms.

Governance[edit]

Clayton-le-Moors was once a township in the ancient parish of Whalley, with Dunkenhalgh in the south-west and Hyndburn Brook forming the boundary with Rishton and Great Harwood as far as the River Calder. This became a civil parish in 1866.[5] Between 1894 and 1974 the area was administered by an Urban District Council.[6] As a consequence of the re-organisation of Local Government in 1974, Clayton became an unparished constituent of the Borough of Hyndburn, centered on Accrington.

Sport[edit]

Clayton Le Moors Harriers [7] founded in 1922, is one of the largest athletic clubs in the North of England, catering for cross-country, fell and road running.

Kuon Ji Ju Jitsu Association [8] is a martial arts club established in October 1982, by Sensei Tony Gregson under the guidance of Sensei Thomas Duckett it meets at the Civic Library on Pickup Street.

Hyndburn athletics club is the biggest track and field club in the area and is a successful club winning midlands championships back to back also has many Lancashire champions, combined event champions, English school competitors and competitors for Lancashire.

Enfield Cricket Club is the town's cricket club and competes in the Lancashire League.

Amenities[edit]

Schools[edit]

Secondary education is no longer available within the town. 11 - 18 year olds now have to travel to schools in adjoining Hyndburn townships or beyond. Three primary schools provide education for the under 11s. They are Mount Pleasant Primary School on Earl Street, All Saints Church of England Primary School on Church Street and St Marys Roman Catholic Primary School on Devonshire Drive.[9]

Pubs[edit]

There are a few pubs: The Albion, Hare and Hounds, Hyndburn Bridge, Forts Arms, The Royal Oak, Old England Forever, Wellington Hotel, Sparth Manor - built at an unknown date but sold for the first time in 1556, and the Conservative Club. There were three Working Men's Clubs, known colloquially as the Top, Middle and Bottom Clubs. The Top Club closed in the 2000s and became an eating house. The Come and Welcome was the Middle Club and no longer functions, but the Bottom Club – Park View – remains open. Perhaps its most famous pub was The Load O' Mischief, which was well known throughout Lancashire. It was situated by the traffic lights at the junction of the A678 and A670 trunk roads and gave its name to the 4 bus stops adjacent to its location in Whalley Road, Blackburn Road and Burnley Road for the routes to Accrington-Clayton Forts Arms and Blackburn- Burnley. Although the Load O' Mischief was closed and demolished to make way for the M65 motorway in the late 1970s, its name is still used to refer to the area around the traffic lights at the Whalley Road, Blackburn and Burnley Roads Junction.

Hotels[edit]

Hotels include the Dunkenhalgh in Blackburn Road, Maple Lodge in Blackburn Road, Sparth House in Whalley Road and a Bed and Breakfast Inn at Sparth Manor in Sparth Road.

  • Sparth House Hotel main house was built in 1740 with parts of the building dating back to 14th century. The Georgian architecture runs throughout the property. It also is the home to furniture from RMS Olympic, sister ship of Titanic. Sparth House Hotel began as a family home, then became as an antique shop and now is a family-owned and -run hotel.
  • The Dunkenhalgh is a four-star hotel built around a 700-year-old house – the manor of Dunkenhalgh. It was the former residence of Judge Walmesley and later the equally influential Petre family.[10]
  • Maple Lodge offers four-star accommodation. The house was built in the early 1700s and retains many original features.

Notable people[edit]

  • Jack Simmons MBE the Lancashire and Tasmania off-spinner was born and raised in Clayton.
  • Alan Ramsbottom was a professional racing cyclist from Clayton-le-Moors, and rode the Tour de France. Finishing 16th in 1963 was his best achievement. He later moved to Great Harwood, where there is a road named after him.
  • Comedian Eric Morecambe OBE (1926-1984), of the double act Morecambe and Wise, lived in Clayton while working in a nearby coal mine as a 'Bevin Boy'.
  • Alex Higgins (1949-2010) lived in the town after his arrival from Northern Ireland. East Lancashire had a thriving snooker scene and Higgins was keen to learn from great players in the area.
  • Nicholas Freeston (1907-1978) was an English poet who spent most of his working life as a weaver in cotton mills near his home at 79 Barnes Street, Clayton-le-Moors. He published five books of poetry, occasionally writing in Lancashire dialect, and won fifteen awards including a gold medal presented by the president of the United Poets' Laureate International. He was listed in the third edition of Who's Who in the World. He appeared on television and radio reading his own work[11] and a UK national newspaper, the Daily Mirror, referred to him as 'The Cotton Mill Bard'.[12]
  • Vicky Entwistle, the actress who played the factory worker Janice Battersby in Coronation Street, has a link to Clayton-le-Moors. Her parents ran a newsagent shop close to the M65 bridge in Whalley Road.[13]
  • Netherwood Hughes (1900-2009), originally from Great Harwood, one of the last surviving veterans of World War I, died at the Woodlands Home for the Elderly in 2009, aged 108.
  • Sir Clyde Walcott (1926-2006), the West Indies test cricketer was the professional for Enfield Cricket Club between 1951 and 1954,[14] when he lodged in Clayton during the English cricket season.
  • Fred Brown OBE FRS (1925-2004), a virologist and molecular biologist, was born in Clayton-le-Moors.

Notable Businesses[edit]

Karrimor International, a world-renowned manufacturer of backpacks, footwear, and other outdoor pursuit equipment, was founded in Clayton-le-Moors in 1946.[not in citation given] Prior to receivership and disposal of its UK manufacturing business and retail operations in 2004, it was considered to have a "tremendous tradition", a history that included "legendary" products, and a "very strong brand name",[15] and past owner Industrialinvest stated in 2002 that the company had an "international reputation for outstanding [products]".[16] A 1996 review of top British manufacturers by The Independent had also described Karrimor as "a leader in its... field" and one of Britain's great post war manufacturers, albeit one that it felt had (like other businesses) "failed to invest and expand".[17] The brand and product lines still exist as of 2013, and are owned by the Sports Direct group.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hyndburn Ward population 2011". Retrieved 19 January 2016. 
  2. ^ "Industrial Heritage - A Guide to the Industrial Archaeology of Clayton-le-Moors" by Michael Rothwell and published May 1979 by Hyndburn Local History Society.
  3. ^ "A journey into our canals' past". Lancashire Telegraph. Retrieved 2017-01-22. 
  4. ^ "Visit Lancashire: Official Guide for Short Breaks, Days Out and Places to See in Lancashire - Visit Lancashire". 
  5. ^ "Clayton-le-Moors Tn/CP through time". visionofbritain.org.uk. GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 31 August 2015. 
  6. ^ "Clayton-le-Moors UD through time". visionofbritain.org.uk. GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 31 August 2015. 
  7. ^ "Clayton-le-Moors Harriers". 
  8. ^ "Kuon Ji Ju Jitsu Association". 
  9. ^ "Primary schools reviews for clayton-le-moors | School Guide". www.schoolguide.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-01-22. 
  10. ^ "Tourist guide to Clayton-le-Moors". Lancashire Telegraph. 24 Jul 2007. 
  11. ^ Leaver, Eric. "Looms were mill poet's muse". Lancashire Evening Telegraph (Blackburn). 8 February 1978. Front page.
  12. ^ Gagie, Michael. "The man who cut his teeth on tears..." Daily Mirror (London). 18 December 1963
  13. ^ "Vicky Entwistle". corrie.net. Retrieved 28 February 2008. 
  14. ^ Enfield professionals at lancashireleague.com
  15. ^ "Karrimor Saved From Liquidation". Archived from the original on 1 February 2014. 
  16. ^ InvestIndustrial's description of its investment in Karrimor Archived 22 September 2013 at the Wayback Machine.
  17. ^ British manufacturing: the best thing since sliced bread - The Independent, 1996-08-18, David Bowen

External links[edit]