Clayton Fritchey was born in 1904 in Bellefontaine, Ohio. At the age of 2 he moved to Baltimore. His reporting career began at age 19 and by age 21 he had become the managing editor of The Baltimore Post. In later years he was a nationally syndicated columnist. The New York Times in their obituary for Fritchey noted the exciting stories he wrote for the Cleveland Press, detailing the exploits of Elliot Ness, who was brought into Cleveland as its public safety director to help clean up corruption in the police department.
During his time in New Orleans as editor of the New Orleans Item, he defended an editorial that stated "Louisiana legislators 'have about as much independence as trained seals'". The Louisiana legislature convened a committee to investigate if they had been "disrespected" by Mr. Fritchey.
He was editor of the New Orleans Item when George C. Marshall asked him to become the Assistant Secretary of Public Affairs in 1950. He served as Assistant to the Secretary of Defense and Director of the Office of Public Information, Dept. of Defense, 1950–52; Assistant to the President of the United States, 1952 (President Harry Truman); and Deputy Chairman of the Democratic National Committee, 1953-57. During that time Fritchey was also the chief editor for The Democratic Digest, the monthly publication of the Democratic National Committee along with managing editor Sam Brightman and senior editor Philip M. Stern.
Fritchey served as presidential candidate Adlai Stevenson's press secretary in the 1952 and 1956. Stevenson later called upon Fritchey to serve at the United Nations as director of public affairs for the United States Mission to the United Nations. He served at that post from 1961 until Stevenson died in 1965.
Fritchey made the master list of Nixon political opponents.
Clayton Fritchey was active in the circles of Washington's power and politics. The New York Times noted in 1981 that he introduced Jimmy Carter in 1976 to the Washington Political Intellectuals at his home at an event that had many in that circle attending including Sol Linowitz and Senator Gaylord Nelson.  The Times also noted that Jimmy Carter did not build on these contacts.
- Rosellini, Lynn (January 4, 1981). "A Capital Game of Power". The New York Times Magazine (New York) http://www.nytimes.com/1981/01/04/magazine/a-capital-game-of-power.html
- Staff reports (November 27, 1950). Into the Breach. Time magazine (subscription required)
- Staff reports (January 25, 2001) Clayton Fritchey, 96, Reporter Who Worked in the Government. New York Times
- Oral History Interviews with Clayton Fritchey via Harry S. Truman Library & Museum
- A film clip "Longines Chronoscope with Clayton Fritchey" is available for free download at the Internet Archive
- Democratic Digest archive, David M. Rubenstein Rare Book & Manuscript Library, Duke University.
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