Such stoves are commonly used for domestic heating, although can also be used for cooking. They have been proposed for introduction to developing countries in order to improve air quality. In addition to their practical use, they can be considered to have an aesthetic aspect by "add[ing] some charm to the décor".
A research summary of the development of such stoves was published in 1982 by Flow Research Inc. Stoves introduced in the 1980s burnt wood pellets rather than logs. By 1986, a directory was available listing 75 such stoves which had satisfied emission testing.
Once the stove is warmed to within operating temperatures, it produces no visible smoke, emitting mostly water and carbon dioxide. However (as of 2003[update]) the stoves still have higher emissions than new catalytic stoves when operated correctly.
A conventional stove in 1984 emitted particulates amounting to approximately 20g/kg (0.3oz/lb). Research by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) was reported in 1986 to show that conditions such as asthma, bronchitis and emphysema may be aggravated by the use of conventional stoves.
The EPA was reported as announcing plans in 1987 to encourage manufacturers to design stoves with reduced emissions. Clean-burning stoves are authorised for use in smoke control areas in some countries by organisations such as the EPA.
- Agency for Non-conventional Energy and Rural Technology
- Ashden Awards for Sustainable Energy
- Energy for All
- Indian Solar Loan Programme
- International Renewable Energy Agency
- List of stoves
- Renewable energy in Africa
- Renewable energy in China
- Solar power in South Asia
- Solar powered refrigerator
- Wind power in Asia
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