Clear-cell sarcoma of the kidney
|Clear-cell sarcoma of the kidney|
|Classification and external resources|
Clear cell sarcoma of the kidney (CCSK) is an extremely rare type of kidney cancer comprising 3% of all pediatric renal tumours. Clear cell sarcoma of the kidney can spread from the kidney to other organs, most commonly the bone, but also including the lungs, brain, and soft tissues of the body.
Etiology and epidemiology
Research in 2005 showed that CCSK can arise within a renal mesenchymal cell that shows a wide variety of neural markers. Typical presentation is between 1 and 4 years of age, and a 2:1 male-to-female ratio is observed.
2004 research showed that CCSK patients exhibit an improved relapse-free survival from a longer course of therapy when using vincristine, doxorubicin, and dactinomycin, but their long-term survival is unchanged compared with patients receiving 6 months of therapy.
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- Argani, Pedram M.D.; Perlman, Elizabeth J. M.D.; Breslow, Norman E. Ph.D.; Browning, Nancy G. M.S.; Green, Daniel M. M.D.; D'Angio, Giulio J. M.D.; Beckwith, J. Bruce M.D., Clear Cell Sarcoma of the Kidney: A Review of 351 Cases From the National Wilms Tumor Study Group Pathology Center, American Journal of Surgical Pathology, Jan 2000, 24(1), p. 4, journals.lww.com. Accessed 2012-5-21.
- Effect of Duration of Treatment on Treatment Outcome for Patients With Clear-Cell Sarcoma of the Kidney: A Report From the National Wilms' Tumor Study Group, Journal of Clinical Oncology, Feb 1 2004, vol. 22(3), pp. 468-473, jco.ascopubs.org. doi:10.1200/JCO.2004.06.058. Accessed 2012-5-21.
- Clear cell sarcoma of the kidney entry in the public domain NCI Dictionary of Cancer Terms