Clearbury Ring

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Ditch and rampart of Clearbury Ring

Clearbury Ring is a univallate Iron Age hillfort which is partly in the parish of Downton in the county of Wiltshire in southwest England, approximately 5 kilometres (3 mi) due south of Salisbury city centre.[1] The site, which is a Scheduled Ancient Monument, straddles the boundary with Odstock parish, and a slight scarp runs across the interior of the fort, marking the parish boundary.[2]

The fort occupies a prominent hilltop overlooking the valley of the River Avon, at an altitude of 142 metres (466 ft) above mean sea level.[3] The hillfort is immediately adjacent to the Clearbury Down Site of Special Scientific Interest, but is not included within it.[4]

Clearbury Ring encloses an area of approximately 2 hectares (4.9 acres); the rampart is well preserved and consisted of a single bank with a ditch outside it. The fort had a single entrance on the northwest side, consisting simply of a 10-metre (33 ft) wide gap with a causeway across the ditch. Traces of a quarry are evident within the fort's interior.[3] The fort is overgrown with tree cover. In 1632, Clearbury Ring was recorded as Clereburu.[3] A paleolithic hand axe was found here.[5]

To the southwest of the fort are the remains of a lynchet, consisting of a steep 2-metre (6 ft 7 in) high scarp that runs parallel to the fort's defences. Two other lynchets have been identified near the fort, although they are not as well-preserved, together with faint traces of ancient field boundaries.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Salisbury & Stonehenge Wilton & Market Lavington (Map) (A2 ed.). 1:25000. Explorer (130). Southampton, Hampshire, England: Ordnance Survey. 2009. ISBN 978-0-319-24092-2. OCLC 652059271. 
  2. ^ Historic England. "Clearbury Ring (1005691)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 July 2016. 
  3. ^ a b c d Historic England. "Clearbury Ring (217879)". PastScape. Retrieved 8 July 2016. 
  4. ^ "MAgiC map: designations". Natural England. Retrieved 8 July 2016. 
  5. ^ "Odstock". Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 8 July 2016. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°01′08″N 1°47′02″W / 51.0188°N 1.7839°W / 51.0188; -1.7839