||A major contributor to this article appears to have a close connection with its subject. (March 2013)|
Clearfield City Municipal and Justice Center
|Motto: We’ve Got it Made|
Location in Davis County and the state of Utah.
|Incorporated||July 17, 1922|
|Incorporated (city)||March 21, 1946|
|Founded by||Richard Hamblin|
|• Mayor||Mark Shepherd|
|• Total||7.7 sq mi (20.1 km2)|
|• Land||7.7 sq mi (20.1 km2)|
|• Water||0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)|
|Elevation||4,465 ft (1,361 m)|
|• Density||3,351.9/sq mi (1,294.2/km2)|
|Time zone||Mountain (MST) (UTC-7)|
|• Summer (DST)||MDT (UTC-6)|
|ZIP codes||84015, 84016, 84089|
|Area code(s)||385, 801|
|GNIS feature ID||1439799|
Clearfield is a city in Davis County, Utah, United States. The population was 30,112 at the 2010 census. The city grew drastically during the 1940s, with the formation of Hill Air Force Base, and in the 1950s with the nationwide increase in suburb and "bedroom" community populations and has been steadily growing since then.
Clearfield was one of the last communities to be settled in the northern part of Davis County (1877). Hunters and Native American Warriors knew this land before the first white man settled here. They referred to it as the land of wind and sand. But it was the roar of the train’s engine that first awakened the area in 1869 and stirred the sleeping Sand Ridge, which it was once known as until the name was later changed to Clearfield in order to attract agricultural settlers.
There was no water for those early families until wells could be successfully dug. The only water available at first had to be hauled in large barrels from Kays Creek in East Layton. But the great event that did more to transform the bleak Sand Ridge into a fertile garden spot was the coming of the Davis and Weber Counties Canal in 1884. This caused an immediate population boom in the area as people plowed up the sagebrush, cactus, and prickly pears, and homes and farms began to appear throughout the area.
Many Clearfield children went to school in nearby Syracuse by walking several miles a day. In 1907, the new Clearfield Elementary School opened its doors to those same children. The school taught first through eighth grades and operated until 1923 when it was destroyed by fire. The new building later acquired the name Pioneer School.
North Davis Junior High School was built and opened its doors in 1939. The building cost approximately $170,000 to build. That first year, there were 18 faculty members and 585 students.
Throughout the following years, Clearfield was known as a peaceful farming community. However, the addition of defense installations in the areas changed the agricultural community. Construction began on Hill Field (Hill Air Force Base) in 1940 and the facility eventually stretched along the eastern border of Clearfield. The base has since provided many jobs for civilians and is one of Utah's major employers.
On the southwestern side of Clearfield, the U.S. Navy installed the Clearfield Naval Supply Depot in 1943. Clearfield was considered a prime location for the depot because of its relative security from enemy attack, nearby air transportation at Hill Air Force Base, and the proximity of railroads and highways. The dry climate was ideal for storage, and there was a good supply of manpower.
Another more modern school, South Clearfield Elementary, was added during 1950 to help keep pace with the growing population.
The early winter of 1959 saw the beginnings of Clearfield High School, the first high school in northern Davis County.
The Clearfield Naval Supply Depot was eventually phased out by 1962 but the facility did not stay empty for long. Private firms soon began moving into the large warehouse buildings. The area became known as the Freeport Center and today is a major western hub for manufacturing, warehousing, and distribution.
Hill Field Elementary opened in 1963 and is located just west of the west border of Hill Air Force Base.
The Clearfield Job Corps Center was established in 1966. This facility is located west of the Freeport Center on Antelope Drive. It was established to provide training to unemployed and unskilled youth sixteen to 21 year old.
Clearfield City dedicated a new city hall building in 1969 and a new state-of-art Clearfield Fire Station opened in 1980, adjacent to city hall.
In 1981, Holt Elementary opened at the northwest corner of the city, near Steed Park.
The newest Clearfield City Municipal Building, located on 55 South State Street, was dedicated in December 1999.
Clearfield’s premier office and commercial center, Legend Hills, is also the largest office development space in north Davis County. The first phase of Legend Hills was built in 2002 on the city’s east side, just east of the frontage road along Interstate 15.
In 2004, ground was broken for the Clearfield Aquatic Center. In 2005, the old Clearfield City Swimming Pool was demolished to make way for the new center, and for an updated Bernard Fisher Park. The new skate park at Fisher Park was also added the same year. The Clearfield Aquatic Center opened in 2005 adjacent to the newly built North Davis Junior High, which until 2005 had been the oldest standing junior high building in Davis County. An outdoor splash pad feature was added to the Clearfield Aquatic Center in 2006.
Beginning in 2006, many improvements were made to Clearfield High School, including renovation of the main auditorium, addition of a new media center, brand-new tennis courts, new labs in every science classroom, as well as seven computer labs, additional classroom wings, landscaping, new parking lots for students and teachers with solar-powered light poles, remodeled weight room, and new exterior paint.
The opening of the Utah Transportation Association (UTA) FrontRunner commuter rail stop in Clearfield in 2008 helped the city emerge as a centralized location of business, public and community development.
Davis County opened a three-story, 45,000 square foot office building housing the administrative offices of the Davis County Health Department in 2010. The Heritage Senior Activity Center closed its Clearfield Community Center location in 2011. It reopened as the North Davis Senior Center in its new location adjacent to the new county health building.
In 2012, the former Clearfield Community Center was renamed, becoming the Clearfield Community Arts Center. Located east of the Clearfield City Municipal Building north parking lot, the center is expected to become a hub for arts classes, theatre productions, and more.
Clearfield City has a total land area of 7.8 square miles (20.1 km2), and a population of 30,112 as of the 2010 Census, making it the third largest city in Davis County, behind Layton and Bountiful. This creates a population density of 1498.1 people per square kilometer, or 3860.5 people per square mile. Clearfield City has an average elevation of 4,327 feet (1,320 m) above sea level. The lowest point within the boundaries of the city is 4,314 feet (1,315 m) at the intersection of 1000 West and Antelope Drive on the city’s western edge and the highest is 4,711 feet (1,436 m) at a point that is within the city’s northeast corner, but physically located on Hill Air Force Base property along Constitution Way in their housing area. (AGRC)
The city is located in the north central portion of Davis County. The county is surrounded by the Great Salt Lake to the west and the steep Wasatch mountain range on the east, although neither of these notable natural landmarks is physically within the city boundaries. Directly encircling Clearfield are the cities/areas of Sunset City to the north, Clinton City to the northwest, Syracuse City and West Point City to the west, Layton City to the south and east, and Hill Air Force Base military installation to the northeast.
There are no major lakes or rivers within the city. There are a few small ponds, mostly at public parks or on privately owned property. The only significant waterway in the city is the Weber and Davis Canal along the east and northeast edge of the city that extends both north and south of the city boundaries. The Clearfield Canal Trail parallels the canal for a portion of its trip through Clearfield. The Great Salt Lake is separated from Clearfield City by marshlands, mudflats and the cities in between. The metabolic activities of bacteria in the lake result in a phenomenon known as "lake stink", a scent similar to sulfur, once or twice a year for a few hours.
The highest mountaintops visible from Clearfield City are Deseret Peak in Tooele County at 11,031 feet (3362 m), Ben Lomond Peak (rumored to be the inspiration for the Paramount Pictures logo) in Weber County at 9712 feet (2960 m), and Thurston Peak, just to the west of Clearfield at 9,706 feet (2958 m). Ben Lomond Peak and Thurston Peak are located in the Wasatch Range. The Wasatch Fault is found along the western base of the Wasatch Range and is considered overdue for an earthquake as large as 7.5. Catastrophic damage is predicted in the event of an earthquake with major damage resulting from the liquefaction of the clay- and sand-based soil. The largest earthquake that has occurred near Clearfield City in the recorded past occurred on 12/7/1967, and was 21.5 miles away in Park City, Utah and registered at magnitude of 4.3.
The Wasatch Front valley floor is the ancient lakebed of Lake Bonneville which existed at the end of the last Ice Age. Several Lake Bonneville shorelines can be distinctly seen on the foothills or benches of nearby mountains.
The streets of the city, along with the rest of Davis County north of Layton, are laid out on a unified grid plan. Most major streets run very nearly north-south and east-west. Clearfield City is the farthest east on this grid, while Syracuse, West Point, Sunset, Clinton and Unincorporated Davis County all are located north, west and south on the same street grid.
Clearfield City has many informal neighborhoods, most of which are more business or industrial related than residential. In the southwestern portion of the city is a large industrial business center called The Freeport Center, and the Clearfield Job Corps. Having the Job Corps next to one of the largest industrial centers in Northern Utah allows for on the job training for many of the programs offered. The Freeport Center began life in the 1940s as the Clearfield Naval Supply Depot, but was phased out in 1962 and private firms began moving in.
South Clearfield is a residential neighborhood that is of note due to its isolation as the southernmost section of the city. It is cut off from the rest of residential Clearfield by The Freeport Center and other businesses, as well as being surrounded by other cities on 3 of the 4 sides of the area.
The presence of Hill Air Force Base has helped in creating two business neighborhoods. Falcon Hill is a 550 acre planned development underway on the west and southwest portion of the base that will be on leased federal government land, but all services and building will be public at any areas located outside the fence line of the base. It is a planned aerospace research complex with space both inside and outside of the base fence line. (Commercial) Legend Hills is an office and retail oriented business area located in the southeastern most corner of the city. It contains many different retail spaces and business offices in the numerous office towers. All areas are easily accessed off Interstate 15, which runs north-south through the eastern edge of the city.
The climate of Clearfield City is characterized as semi-arid, with four distinct seasons. Both summer and winter are long, with hot, dry summers and cold, snowy winters, and with spring and fall serving as brief but comfortable transition periods. The city receives 20.75 inches (527 mm) of precipitation annually. Spring is the wettest season (May is the wettest month), while summer is very dry. Snow occurs on average from November to April, producing a total average of 24 inches (61 cm) yearly.
The primary source of precipitation in Clearfield City is massive Pacific storms that move in from the Pacific Ocean along the jet stream from approximately October through May. Particularly cold storms have brought measurable snow as early as September and as late as May. After the Pacific train of storms has shut off and the jet stream has retreated far to the north during summer, the primary source of precipitation is afternoon thunderstorms generated by monsoon moisture moving up from the Gulf of California during mid-to-late summer. Although rainfall can be heavy, these storms are usually scattered in coverage and rarely severe.
Clearfield City features large variations in temperatures between seasons. The hottest month is July, and the coldest is January. The average temperature over the year is 53 °F. The record high temperature is 108 °F (42 °C), which occurred in July 2002, while the record low is −26 °F (−32 °C), which occurred in January 1937. During mid-winter, strong areas of high pressure often situate themselves over the Great Basin, leading to strong temperature inversions. This causes air stagnation and thick smog in the valley from several days to weeks at a time and can result in the worst air-pollution levels in the U.S., reducing air quality to unhealthy levels. Aside from occasional heavy snows in winter, severe weather is very rare.
According to the 2010 United States Census, in the city of Clearfield there were 30,112 people living in 9,595 households, of which 76.5% were families. The population density was 3,950 per square mile, with a total land area of 7.8 miles.
Of the population 25 years and older, 15.8% have earned a Bachelor’s Degree, while 5.1% have a Graduate or Professional degree. Of those 25 and older, 92.2% are high school graduates or higher.
Seven percent of the city’s housing units were vacant in 2010, with only 1.1% of those for sale.
In 2010, the median income for a household in the city was $47,570, and the median income for a family was $49,913. Males had a median income of $39,942 versus $27,419 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,026.
Some of the state’s and Davis County’s largest employers are located in Clearfield: Hill Air Force Base, Lifetime Products, Utility Trailer Manufacturing Company, Alliant Techsystems, Clearfield Job Corps, Futura Industries Corporation, Worthington Foods, Inc., and Smith Sport Optics, Inc.
Freeport Center The Freeport Center is amanufacturing, warehousing, and distribution center. It is home to more than 70 national and local companies that have a combined workforce of over 7,000 employees. Freeport Center has an excellent transportation network of highways and railroads, and is only 20 miles from the Salt Lake International Airport.
Legend Hills Legend Hills is an office development in northern Davis County. Located on the east side of Clearfield, and bordering Interstate 15.
Clearfield City has a “six-member council” form of government, with a city manager by ordinance. In this form, the powers of municipal government are vested in a council consisting of six members, one of which is the mayor.
The mayor is, except in limited circumstances, a nonvoting member of the council. The mayor votes only when there is a tie vote of the other council members present, when the council is voting on whether to appoint or dismiss the city manager, or on an ordinance that enlarges or restricts the mayor's powers, duties, or functions. The mayor is the chair of the council and presides at all council meetings. The mayor also exercises ceremonial functions for the municipality such as ribbon cuttings and municipal appearances. The mayor may not veto an ordinance, tax levy, or appropriation passed by the council.
Other powers and duties of the mayor in a six-member council form of government can be taken from the mayor and given to either the council or city manager by the adoption of an ordinance by the council. In 1966, such an ordinance was passed in Clearfield City, giving the city manager such powers and duties.
By ordinance, therefore, the city manager is the chief executive officer of Clearfield City. This means that the city manager oversees the city’s day-to-day operations, and all employees of the city report to the city manager. The city council appoints and hires the city manager and the city manager reports to the mayor and council. In the six-member council form of government, the council is the legislative body and is therefore primarily responsible for setting policy and adopting a balanced budget. The council enacts laws, appropriates funds, and reviews municipal administration. The city council shall elect one of its members to act as mayor pro tempore during the temporary absence or disability of the mayor. During such absence or disability, the mayor pro tempore shall possess the powers of mayor, except that the mayor pro tempore shall continue to cast votes as a member of the city council. The election of a mayor pro tempore shall be entered in the minutes of the meeting.
The most recent election was held in November, 2013. Mark Shepherd was elected as Mayor, while Bruce Young and Keri Benson were re-elected to the City Council.
- Mark Shepherd, Mayor, 2018
- Kent Bush, City Councilperson, 2016
- Michael LeBaron, City Councilperson, 2016
- Keri Benson, City Councilperson, 2018
- Bruce Young, City Councilperson, 2018
- Ron Jones, City Councilperson, "2016" (Appointed to fill the seat vacated by Mark Shepherd when he was elected Mayor)
Elections are held in odd-numbered years.
- Nolan Bushnell (born in Clearfield) is an American engineer and entrepreneur who founded both Atari, Inc and the Chuck E. Cheese's Pizza-Time Theaters chain.
- Dallon Weekes is an American musician. He is the only permanent member of indie rock band The Brobecks and also plays bass for Panic! at the Disco.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- United States. Bureau of the Census (1961). Census of Population, 1960: Total Population Counts for the U.S., States, Outlying Areas, Counties, Cities, Standard Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Urban and Rural, Etc. Characteristics of the population. Number of inhabitants (v. 1, pt. 1). U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. pp. 2–15. Retrieved 2014-11-15.
- "1990 Census of Population and Housing – United States" (PDF). 23 February 2000. Retrieved 2014-11-15.
- Official website of Davis County
||Clinton||Sunset||Hill Air Force Base|