Cleburne, Texas

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Cleburne, Texas
Johnson County courthouse
Johnson County courthouse
Motto(s): 
"This is Texas"
Location in Johnson County and the state of Texas
Location in Johnson County and the state of Texas
Coordinates: 32°21′6″N 97°23′33″W / 32.35167°N 97.39250°W / 32.35167; -97.39250Coordinates: 32°21′6″N 97°23′33″W / 32.35167°N 97.39250°W / 32.35167; -97.39250
CountryUnited StatesUnited States
StateTexasTexas
CountyJohnson
EstablishedMarch 23, 1867
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager
Area
 • Total38.60 sq mi (99.97 km2)
 • Land35.70 sq mi (92.46 km2)
 • Water2.90 sq mi (7.52 km2)
Elevation
764 ft (233 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total29,337
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
31,295
 • Density876.66/sq mi (338.48/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP codes
76031, 76033[3]
Area code(s)817
FIPS code48-15364[4]
GNIS feature ID1332964[5]
Websitewww.cleburne.net

Cleburne is a city in and the county seat of Johnson County, Texas, United States. As of the 2010 census, its population was 29,337.[6] The city is named in honor of Patrick Cleburne, a Confederate general.[7] Lake Pat Cleburne, the reservoir that provides water to the city and surrounding area, is also named after him.

History[edit]

Main Street in Cleburne in the 1910s

Cleburne is Johnson County's third county seat (the first being Wardville, now under Lake Pat Cleburne). It was formerly known as Camp Henderson, a temporary Civil War outpost from which Johnson County soldiers would depart for war (most of them served under General Cleburne). The city was formally incorporated in 1871.

Cleburne was near the earliest road in the county. The location featured water from West Buffalo Creek, making it a stop for cattlemen from the Chisholm Trail.[8]

In August 1886, the Texas Farmers' Alliance met at Lee's Academy[8] and adopted a 17-point political resolution, commonly known as the Cleburne Demands, which was the first major document of the agrarian revolt occurring at the end of the late 19th century.[9]

In 1900, Cleburne was the site of the founding convention of the Texas State Federation of Labor.[10]

Cleburne was primarily an agricultural center and county seat until the Santa Fe Railroad opened a major facility there in 1898. During this time ,the population boomed, as it became a sizable city for the area with over 12,000 residents by 1920. The Chicago, Texas and Mexican Central Railway connected Cleburne to Dallas in 1882. Two other railroads had terminals in Cleburne. The Dallas, Cleburne, and Southwestern Railway completed a route to Egan in 1902, and the Trinity and Brazos Valley, nicknamed the Boll Weevil, operated from Cleburne from 1904 to 1924.[8]

Cleburne was the site of a prisoner-of-war camp for German soldiers during World War 2. The POWs worked as laborers on local farms.[11]

In 1985, the city was the petitioner in the U.S. Supreme Court case City of Cleburne v. Cleburne Living Center, Inc. after being sued over a special-use permit.

Cleburne is on the fringe of the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex. Growth in the area can be primarily attributed to suburbanization. It is the second-most populous city in Johnson County (slightly less populous than Burleson).[12]

Tornado[edit]

On May 15, 2013, Cleburne was hit by a powerful tornado that cut a mile-wide path through part of the city and damaged about 600 homes and two schools. The National Weather Service rated it EF-3, which has winds between 136 and 165 miles per hour (219 and 266 km/h). No deaths or severe injuries were reported.[13]

Geography[edit]

Cleburne is west of the center of Johnson County, 30 miles (48 km) south of the center of Fort Worth. It is bordered to the north by Joshua and to the east by Keene. U.S. Route 67 runs through the north side of the city on a freeway bypass; the highway leads east 12 miles (19 km) to Alvarado and west 53 miles (85 km) to Stephenville. State Highways 171 and 174 run through the center of Cleburne on Main Street. Highway 171 leads northwest 19 miles (31 km) to Cresson and southeast 29 miles (47 km) to Hillsboro, while Highway 174 leads north 15 miles (24 km) to Burleson and southwest 38 miles (61 km) to Meridian.

According to the United States Census Bureau, Cleburne has a total area of 32.5 square miles (84.1 km2), of which 29.6 square miles (76.6 km2) are land and 2.9 square miles (7.4 km2), or 8.86%, are covered by water.[6] East and West Buffalo Creek run through the center of Cleburne, flowing south to the Nolan River and part of the Brazos River watershed.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1870686
18801,855170.4%
18903,27876.7%
19007,493128.6%
191010,36438.3%
192012,82023.7%
193011,539−10.0%
194010,558−8.5%
195012,90522.2%
196015,38119.2%
197016,0154.1%
198019,21820.0%
199022,20515.5%
200026,00517.1%
201029,33712.8%
2019 (est.)31,295[2]6.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]

According to the US census, 29,337 people were residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 91.7% White, 3.71% African American, 0.7% Native American, 0.8% Asian, 0.5% Pacific Islander, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 28.8% of the population.

The 10,915 households averaged 2.65 persons each. Owner-occupied housing was at 61.3%, with the median value of owner-occupied housing at $103,900. Median gross rent from 2014-2018 was $898.

The median income for a household in the city from 2014-2018 was $50,253.

Attractions[edit]

The City of Cleburne Parks and Recreation Department maintains Splash Station, a small water park for people of all ages.

The 96-acre (390,000 m2) Cleburne Sports Complex contains seven baseball/softball fields, two football fields, and 20 soccer fields.

The Depot at Cleburne Station is a 1,750-seat baseball stadium, home to the Cleburne Railroaders of the American Association of Independent Professional Baseball.

Plaza Theatre Company is a 158-seat theatre-in-the-round, which operates year-round in Cleburne's historic downtown. The troupe provides family-friendly musicals and comedies, and has been the recipient of numerous awards for theatrical excellence since opening in November 2006.

The Johnson County Chisholm Trail Museum is an outdoor museum located in the western part of Cleburne at the site of Wardville, the original county seat of Johnson County, established in 1854.[15] The original courthouse there is the oldest log courthouse in Texas. It has a one-room schoolhouse, a jail with the original iron doors from the Wardville jail, a blacksmith shop, an original mule barn, and a restored stagecoach from two early John Wayne movies. There is also the Big Bear Native American Museum. It was recently named as one of Texas' top 10 open-air museums.[16]

Other local museums include the Cleburne Railroad Museum[17] and the Layland Museum.[18]

Cleburne State Park is in a hilly area 12 miles (19 km) west of the city center. It has fishing in Cedar Lake, camping, swimming, and hiking trails.

Businesses[edit]

Major employers include Walmart, which maintains a Supercenter retail outlet and a distribution center. Together, those facilities employ 914 workers. The Cleburne Independent School District is a major employer with 968 employees. Local government is also a major employer, providing 348 jobs, and Johnson County has 598 employees in the city. Johns Manville, Texas Resources Harris Methodist Hospital, Greenbrier rail service (operating at the rail yards previously occupied by Burlington Northern Santa Fe), Supreme Corporation of Texas, and Broan-Nutone are among other major private-sector employers. A recent natural gas boom has now brought related companies to the district and surrounding areas.[19]

The 1998 television movie Still Holding On: The Legend of Cadillac Jack was filmed in Cleburne. The film starred Clint Black in the title role of rodeo star Jack Favor, wrongfully convicted in 1967 of two murders near Haughton, Louisiana.[20]

Fun Town RV, the nation's largest single-location towable RV dealer[21] employs 412 at its corporate headquarters and sales office.[22]

Education[edit]

The city is served by the Cleburne Independent School District, with Cleburne High School as the only high school. The district also maintains an alternative school, the Team School, and Phoenix, which is the disciplinary school. The district operates two middle schools for grades 6 though 8: A.D. Wheat Middle School and Lowell Smith Middle School. Elementary-level schools serving the Cleburne area are Adams, Coleman, Cooke, Gerard, Irving, Marti. and Santa Fe (kindergarten through grade 5). A private school (Cleburne Christian Academy) serving age 4 through grade 12 is also available.

Hill College's Johnson County Campus is in Cleburne.

Cleburne High School sports[edit]

Cleburne High School is in UIL district 8-5A. Cleburne's most notable sports stadium, the Yellow Jacket Stadium is nicknamed "the Rock". It is primarily made of stone and was constructed by the Public Works Administration workers in 1934. Football and soccer are played on this field.

Cleburne High School fields teams in the following sports:

  • Basketball, boys and girls
  • Football
  • Softball, girls
  • Volleyball, girls
  • Track, boys and girls
  • Cross country, boys and girls
  • Tennis, boys and girls
  • Power lifting
  • Soccer, boys and girls
  • Baseball
  • Swimming, boys and girls
  • Golf, boys and girls

Cleburne High School has these arts programs:

  • Marching band
  • Concert band
  • Jazz band
  • Choir
  • Drama
  • Dance

Notable people[edit]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen climate classification system, Cleburne has a humid subtropical climate, Cfa on climate maps.[23]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ United States Postal Service (2012). "USPS - Look Up a ZIP Code". Retrieved 2012-02-15.
  4. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  6. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Census Summary File 1 (G001): Cleburne city, Texas". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 19, 2018.
  7. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 84.
  8. ^ a b c "The Handbook of Texas Online: Johnson County". Texas State Historical Association. Retrieved 2012-01-28.
  9. ^ Goodwyn, Lawrence (1978), The Populist Moment: A Short History of the Agrarian Revolt in America, New York: Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-502417-6, p.46-49.
  10. ^ Ruth Alice Allen 1889–1979. Chapters in the history of organized labor in Texas The University of Texas publication #4143 November 15, 1941 Austin, TX: University of Texas, p.123
  11. ^ Matt Smith "Cleburne’s inglorious captives" Cleburne Times-Review 18 Apr 2010.
  12. ^ North Central Texas Council of Governments
  13. ^ kwqc.com
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  15. ^ Johnson County Chisholm Trail Museum
  16. ^ Cleburne Times Review, April 22, 2016
  17. ^ "Cleburne Railroad Museum | Cleburne, TX - Official Website". www.cleburne.net. Retrieved 2021-06-02.
  18. ^ "Layland Museum". www.visitcleburne.com. Retrieved 2021-06-02.
  19. ^ Source: Cleburne Chamber of Commerce
  20. ^ "Still Holding On: The Legend of Cadillac Jack". Internet Movie Data Base. Retrieved February 17, 2014.
  21. ^ Statistical Surveys, Incorporated
  22. ^ Community Life Magazine June/July 2016 Vol. 11, No. 3
  23. ^ "Cleburne, Texas Köppen Climate Classification (Weatherbase)". Weatherbase. Retrieved 21 March 2018.

External links[edit]