Cleburne County, Arkansas

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Cleburne County
Cleburne County Courthouse in Heber Springs, Arkansas
Map of Arkansas highlighting Cleburne County
Location within the U.S. state of Arkansas
Map of the United States highlighting Arkansas
Arkansas's location within the U.S.
Coordinates: 35°32′06″N 92°00′46″W / 35.535°N 92.012777777778°W / 35.535; -92.012777777778
Country United States
State Arkansas
FoundedFebruary 20, 1883
Named forMaj. Gen. Patrick Cleburne
SeatHeber Springs
Largest cityHeber Springs
Area
 • Total592 sq mi (1,530 km2)
 • Land554 sq mi (1,430 km2)
 • Water38 sq mi (100 km2)  6.5%%
Population
 (2020)
 • Total24,711
 • Density42/sq mi (16/km2)
Time zoneUTC−6 (Central)
 • Summer (DST)UTC−5 (CDT)
Congressional district1st
Websitewww.cleburnecountyar.com

Cleburne County is a county located in the U.S. state of Arkansas. As of the 2020 census, the population was 24,711.[1] The county seat and most populous city is Heber Springs.[2] The county was formed on February 20, 1883, as the last of Arkansas's 75 counties to be formed. It is named for Confederate Major-General Patrick Cleburne.[3] Cleburne is an alcohol prohibition or dry county.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 592 square miles (1,530 km2), of which 554 square miles (1,430 km2) is land and 38 square miles (98 km2) (6.5%) is water.[4] Much of the water area in the County includes Greers Ferry Lake, which extends westward into neighboring Van Buren County.

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
18907,884
19009,62822.1%
191011,90323.6%
192012,6966.7%
193011,373−10.4%
194013,13415.5%
195011,487−12.5%
19609,059−21.1%
197010,34914.2%
198016,90963.4%
199019,41114.8%
200024,04623.9%
201025,9708.0%
202024,711−4.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]
1790–1960[6] 1900–1990[7]
1990–2000[8] 2010[9]
Age pyramid Cleburne County[10]

2020 census[edit]

Cleburne County racial composition[11]
Race Number Percentage
White (non-Hispanic) 22,748 92.06%
Black or African American (non-Hispanic) 56 0.23%
Native American 112 0.45%
Asian 96 0.39%
Pacific Islander 11 0.04%
Other/Mixed 1,056 4.27%
Hispanic or Latino 632 2.56%

As of the 2020 United States census, there were 24,711 people, 10,783 households, and 7,230 families residing in the county.

2000 census[edit]

As of the 2000 census,[12] there were 24,046 people, 10,190 households, and 7,408 families residing in the county. The population density was 44 people per square mile (17/km2). There were 13,732 housing units at an average density of 25 per square mile (10/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 98.20% White, 0.12% Black or African American, 0.47% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.15% from other races, and 0.89% from two or more races. 1.17% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 10,190 households, out of which 26.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.70% were married couples living together, 7.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.30% were non-families. 24.40% of all households were made up of individuals, and 12.30% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.74.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 21.30% under the age of 18, 6.60% from 18 to 24, 24.10% from 25 to 44, 26.90% from 45 to 64, and 21.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 93.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.50 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $31,531, and the median income for a family was $37,273. Males had a median income of $28,844 versus $19,672 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,250. About 9.00% of families and 13.10% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.10% of those under age 18 and 11.90% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

United States presidential election results for Cleburne County, Arkansas[13]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.  % No.  % No.  %
2020 10,328 81.45% 1,988 15.68% 364 2.87%
2016 9,458 78.26% 2,101 17.39% 526 4.35%
2012 8,693 74.64% 2,620 22.50% 334 2.87%
2008 7,962 70.22% 2,951 26.03% 425 3.75%
2004 7,107 60.43% 4,517 38.41% 137 1.16%
2000 5,730 56.14% 4,120 40.36% 357 3.50%
1996 3,807 40.23% 4,475 47.28% 1,182 12.49%
1992 3,580 35.87% 5,090 51.00% 1,310 13.13%
1988 4,932 58.85% 3,404 40.62% 45 0.54%
1984 5,769 64.04% 3,172 35.21% 67 0.74%
1980 4,042 48.38% 4,021 48.13% 292 3.49%
1976 1,992 25.77% 5,726 74.07% 13 0.17%
1972 2,870 67.15% 1,400 32.76% 4 0.09%
1968 1,301 31.27% 1,202 28.89% 1,657 39.83%
1964 1,221 31.51% 2,645 68.26% 9 0.23%
1960 1,026 44.96% 1,144 50.13% 112 4.91%
1956 947 46.24% 1,094 53.42% 7 0.34%
1952 918 46.58% 1,045 53.02% 8 0.41%
1948 312 21.56% 1,061 73.32% 74 5.11%
1944 582 40.50% 839 58.39% 16 1.11%
1940 374 30.71% 834 68.47% 10 0.82%
1936 336 26.44% 927 72.93% 8 0.63%
1932 204 10.29% 1,750 88.29% 28 1.41%
1928 574 39.81% 856 59.36% 12 0.83%
1924 238 26.44% 569 63.22% 93 10.33%
1920 459 38.06% 678 56.22% 69 5.72%
1916 271 23.86% 865 76.14% 0 0.00%
1912 138 15.33% 517 57.44% 245 27.22%
1908 294 31.65% 506 54.47% 129 13.89%
1904 214 31.15% 394 57.35% 79 11.50%
1900 205 25.03% 520 63.49% 94 11.48%
1896 108 9.26% 1,047 89.79% 11 0.94%

Despite being a typical Solid South county for most of its history, voting overwhelmingly for Democratic candidates, Cleburne County has trended heavily towards the GOP in recent decades. As of 2020, the last Democrat to carry this county was Bill Clinton in 1996.

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Census-designated place[edit]

Other unincorporated communities[edit]

Townships[edit]

Townships in Cleburne County, Arkansas as of 2010

Townships in Arkansas are the divisions of a county. Each township includes unincorporated areas; some may have incorporated cities or towns within part of their boundaries. Arkansas townships have limited purposes in modern times. However, the United States census does list Arkansas population based on townships (sometimes referred to as "county subdivisions" or "minor civil divisions"). Townships are also of value for historical purposes in terms of genealogical research. Each town or city is within one or more townships in an Arkansas county based on census maps and publications. The townships of Cleburne County are listed below; listed in parentheses are the cities, towns, and/or census-designated places that are fully or partially inside the township. [14][15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census - Geography Profile: Cleburne County, Arkansas". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 19, 2023.
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved June 7, 2011.
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. pp. 84.
  4. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
  5. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
  6. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
  7. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
  8. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Archived (PDF) from the original on March 27, 2010. Retrieved August 25, 2015.
  9. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on June 7, 2011. Retrieved May 20, 2014.
  10. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  11. ^ "Explore Census Data". data.census.gov. Retrieved December 31, 2021.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 14, 2011.
  13. ^ "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". Retrieved November 18, 2016.
  14. ^ 2011 Boundary and Annexation Survey (BAS): Cleburne County, AR (PDF) (Map). U. S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 19, 2012. Retrieved August 7, 2011.
  15. ^ "Arkansas: 2010 Census Block Maps - County Subdivision". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved May 27, 2014.

Coordinates: 35°32′06″N 92°00′46″W / 35.53500°N 92.01278°W / 35.53500; -92.01278